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21. How To Defuse A Feud [Kronos $]
... it explained nothing and was therefore useless. This frailty of the Synthetic Theory had been pointed out before (it would be easy to cite eight respectable names here, some from biology and some from law, history and philosophy),* but never had it been expounded so neatly and thoroughly as by Brady. In April of 1982 he hammered home the ... celebrated before the old view is fully abandoned. Therefore, even if the Synthetic Theory is dead, it would normally take a long time for the news to spread through the biological fraternity and penetrate the public mind. In the present case, however, the process should be accelerated so as to put an end to the feud. The corpse should be ... less clamor. The reader will immediately ask how we can possibly tell anyone that the Synthetic Theory has collapsed. The answer is that this is already the view of many eminent biologists, although the public has not yet been fully informed. Here is the situation. The central pillar of the Synthetic Theory (and of all forms of Darwinism) has always ...
22. No title [Mythopedia Website]
... vast te stellen of een bolwerk zoals de evolutietheorie met talrijke uitlopers in allerlei deelgebieden en vele zijdelingse bevestigingen, dat zich een integrale plaats heeft verworven in het meest basale denken in biologie en sociologie, afdoende bewezen is of niet. In termen van het critisch rationalisme is een hypothese nooit bewezen zolang niet aangetoond kan worden of aan alle denkbare premissen voldaan is. ... . Drie grote theoretische stelsels beheersen het natuurwetenschappelijk denken over de oorsprong van leven en wereld. Het is zaak deze van elkaar gescheiden te houden. Het eerste stelsel gaat over de biologische evolutie, de ontwikkeling van het leven op aarde vanaf de eerste levende cel die geleid heeft tot de tegenwoordige zichtbare variatie. Het tweede stelsel gaat over de organische of chemische evolutie ... organismen die kan uitlopen op het ontstaan van een nieuwe soort, een soort die niet langer te kruisen is met de verwanten. Deze vorm van evolutie is in overvloed waargenomen door biologen en keer op keer bevestigd. Ze vormde ook het uitgangspunt voor Darwin zelf, die immers waarnam dat verschillende soorten vinken op de Galapagos-eilanden uit één protosoort ontstaan moesten zijn. Micro-evolutie ...
23. On the Nature of Natural Selection and Speciation [Aeon Journal $]
... removed. Thus the two groups may evolve into distinct subspecies and then into two distinct species. (10) Thus we have the operation of the so-called grand unifying theory of biology: gradual speciation by mutation and natural selection through countless eons of time-- Neo-Darwinism. The Myth of Speciation by Natural Selection Most species seem to be capable of extreme variation ... to modern Orientals, the White and Black races emerged-- many individuals, but relatively few compared to the parent population. From a single pre-racial norm, mankind was thrust biologically into a world population containing multiple racial norms. Such a change would have to occur in the sex cells, being manifested in any subsequent issue. A generation arose that was ... ) Many scientists have recognized this fact, but it seems to be hidden from most of our institutions of higher learning and the authors of our textbooks. Fitness aside, a biological mechanism for change in response to environmental pressures does exist. Conventional wisdom holds that the possible extent of such change is virtually unlimited. We have seen that the development of differences ...
24. Paradigm Lost? [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... more serious are his misunderstandings about evolutionary theory itself and also some confusions about terminology. For example, Milton uses 'microbiology' throughout (without explanation or definition) to mean 'molecular biology', when it actually means 'biology of micro-organisms'. For example, he writes: 'There are two particular areas in which evidence from microbiology is used to substantiate neo-Darwinism. ... . South China slowly crumpled into Asia. Many volcanoes blew their tops together, belching sulfuric acid into the stratosphere and perhaps playing an important role in cooling the Earth. The biological consequences were profound- a worldwide orgy of dying, on land and at sea, the likes of which has never been seen before or since. 'Life recovered, but another ... errors are disconcerting, they do not affect Milton's main argument. The same may be said about his irritatingly frequent questioning of the intelligence and/or integrity of present day evolutionary biologists, who continue to support what he regards as a defunct theory. Much more serious are his misunderstandings about evolutionary theory itself and also some confusions about terminology. For example, ...
25. Darwinian Diary, part I (Book reviews) [SIS C&C Review $]
... gradual?; and the evolution of behaviour. Each section, as well as the book itself, includes a witty and informative introduction from the editor, who is Professor of Biology at the University of Sussex. Evolution Now will not appeal to casual readers, but it is highly recommended to those with a serious interest in the subject who do not not ... Lamarck (1744-1829), whose theory of evolution preceded Darwin's. However, his theory of "the inheritance of acquired characteristics" as a major force in evolution is a notorious biological heresy. Despite recent attempts there is still no firm experimental proof of a Lamarckian mechanism. Recent findings in molecular genetics have not contributed anything new to evolutionary theory, but they ... caught by accident in the wrong place, so the fossils now found in lower layers are of more primitive creatures than those from the upper layers. Creation science can produce no biologists of note to support its views. At the trial in December 1981 when the American Civil Liberties Union successfully challenged Arkansas State Act 590 giving equal time in education to creation science ...
26. The Continuing Evolution of Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... a standard textbook written by Mark Ridley of Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Despite the book running to 650 pages, very few details are provided of modern developments in molecular biology, far greater space being devoted to more traditional topics such as population genetics. Nevertheless, jumping genes (transposons) receive a mention, and it is acknowledged that chromosomal rearrangements ... end of his book) was apparently to a series of unpublished discussions. Regardless of this, priority is only important if the studies with Boolean networks really do have relevance for biological evolution. In Complexity, Lewin asks Kauffman bluntly whether the whole scenario isn't 'little more than an analogy, a seductive image'. In response, Kauffman indicates two areas at ... how important pictures have been (and still are) in shaping our perceptions about evolution. The written word is not ignored, however, with chapters contributed by such eminent evolutionary biologists as Michael Benton, John Sepkoski Jr., Christine Janis, Peter Andrews and Christopher Stringer. In the Introduction, which is intended to provide a perspective, Benton outlines the ...
27. Catastrophism and Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... "Wright break" [47. Not everyone accepts that the fossil evidence supports punctuated equilibrium rather than phyletic gradualism [48. However, almost everyone in the field of evolutionary biology agrees that natural selection plays an important role in evolution, regardless of the precise mechanism involved. Most would also be prepared to concede that genetic drift, the random increase or ... An extra-terrestrial missile could well have been the cause of this and so, taking into account the evidence of the Popigai crater and the tektites, the case that the climatic and biological changes at the end of the Eocene Epoch were the result of an impact is a strong one. The pattern of the Past, and the Future Regardless of the truth or ... the beginning and end of ice ages [26. [* See "Showers of Glass", p. 8 in this issue.Nevertheless, the prevailing tendency of evolutionary biologists has been to follow Darwin's belief that "Nature does not make jumps" [19, a dictum attributable to Linnaeus. The Modern Synthesis, or neo-Darwinism, uniting genetics and ...
28. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... today. At one time he seemed set for a glittering career along conventional lines: he was a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge and Director of Studies in biochemistry and cell biology, as well as being a Rosenheim Research Fellow of the Royal Society. However, he left Cambridge to move to India in 1974, investigating the physiology of tropical legumes at ... evolutionary cosmology, physicists have begun to realise that the laws of nature may not be eternal after all. Biologists have long accepted that organisms evolve, but have always insisted that biological evolution takes place by processes involving eternal laws. In particular, it is generally thought that certain genetic mutations convey survival and/or reproductive advantages, so these become established in ... second sentence of the book, 'it is also an account of the way science works, as seen by a participant'. One feature is the evident anger of many evolutionary biologists at seeing their territory invaded by experts from other fields. Raup quotes fellow palaeontologist Bakker as saying: "The arrogance of those people is simply unbelievable. They know next to ...
29. HOMO SCHIZO I: Chapter 7: PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF HISTORY [Quantavolution Website]
... saw his mission, and, if his personal despair is significant, realized he had failed to accomplish it. Despite all that has been written about him and the history of biology, much more could be said than this study can comfortably bear. I can only try to oblige Darwin's requirement, expressed in a letter to Thomas Huxley: "It would ... of evolutionary theory in biology and anthropology, especially as it concerns man. Instead, I can only guarantee it to be still a happy hunting ground for the logician who is biologically trained. It abounds in evasions, question-begging, circular arguments, ex post facto 'discoveries,' post hoc ergo propter hoc reasoning, proof by selective example, hysteron proteron, ... was hitting close to the truth as he was writing: "When one contemplates the streak of madness running through human history, it appears highly probable that homo sapiens is a biological freak, the result of some remarkable mistake in the evolutionary process." [1 A SICK JOURNEY Generally, history-telling is a guided use of symbols to integrate disordered minds by ...
30. Evolution, Darwinism, Popper, and Fort - Again (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... as described by Thomas Kuhn (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions). Darwinism, or the Modern Synthesis of Evolution, having once achieved the position of "current paradigm" in biology, its adherents are now digging in their heels- as any totalitarian system will- against a rising tide of revolution. As Macbeth writes (KRONOS VII:4, p ... interest I thought it best to call attention to a misconception found in Gray's last article (KRONOS VIII :4). The misconception in question is one frequently found in the biological literature; namely, that Lamarck's theory of evolution requires conscious activity on the part of the evolving organism. Those critical of Lamarck's theory have quite naturally seized upon this misconception to ... of the one(s) that did this outgrowing, and, also, explain how they reached that conclusion? Did they forget, as most (if not all) biologists and paleontologists forget, that the "size series" of fossil "horses", put on display in 1905 in the American Museum of Natural History (N. Y. ...
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