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11. Viva Lamarck: Renewed Discussion on the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics [Aeon Journal $]
... Lamarck's theory of evolution, C. H. Waddington, a distinguished contributor to the Neo-Darwinian synthesis, observed that: "Lamarck is the only major figure in the history of biology whose name has become, to all intents and purposes, a term of abuse. Most scientist's contributions are fated to be outgrown, but very few authors have written work which ... conscience." (3) The virulent nature of the debate over Lamarck's theory of evolution has made it difficult to arrive at a fair assessment of this pioneer's rightful place in biological thought. Until recently the history of Lamarckism has been written by participants in the debate; i.e., by those who generally had an axe to grind. Mayr concedes this ... 1802), Philosophie zoologique (1809), and Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertebres (1815-1822). Lamarckism, inasmuch as it is understood at all by the majority of biologists, connotes little more than a belief in the inheritance of acquired characters. While it is true that this belief was central to Lamarck's understanding of the evolutionary process, it is ...
12. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Pennsylvania. However, I do plan to continue with what spare time I have to investigate the biological implications of your theories. Most sincerely, Kimball S. Erdman Professor of Biology Slippery Rock State College Pennsylvania ... and Clark College as an Invited Scholar. Most likely you will remember me as the biologist in the last session, Friday evening, who brought up some problems relative to the biological implications of your overall theory. Because of the limits of time, I did not have the opportunity to explain clearly enough the points I raised. I am afraid that some ... have misunderstood. For many years I have been very disenchanted with the current theories of evolution as well as those dealing with fossilization, extinction, geological processes, etc. Other biologists have argued at length with me basing their position on the claim that there is no other possible alternative. They, of course, object to individual special creation, and catastrophic ...
13. Thoth Vol. VI, No 6 Sept 30, 2002 [Thoth Website]
... stellar evolution, plate tectonics, and every theory that rubs shoulders with them. Probably atomic theory and quantum mechanics can't survive. It will likely reach out to strangle evolution in biology and raise hell in history and archeology. Because, you see, practically everything in the universe is plasma, except for the surfaces of rocky planets like the Earth. And ... Debra S. Stakes, a geochemist at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute in Moss Landing, California, said: "Most geological processes at their more fundamental stages could be biologically mediated, which challenges our models for inorganic thermodynamics, for driving reactions." (Broad, ibid.) General relativity and quantum mechanics are two systems that are to some ... ** MICROBES IN GEOLOGY (continued from THOTH VI-5) By Earl Staelin Part 2: How do microbes concentrate minerals to levels vastly exceeding the surrounding medium? The theory of biological transmutations. The next question, is HOW DO microbes concentrate minerals to levels much higher than the medium in which they live? Do they make limestone out of sandstone or mud ...
14. Darwin's Unfalsifiable Theory [Kronos $]
... . But if it is meant to carry heavy cargo, the same wing shape would be bad design. Once this point is clarified, we can see that the analogy between biology and engineering breaks down, because evolutionary biology as currently set forth by such experts as Gould himself does not recognize the idea that animals have any ultimate function other than to survive ... no experiment can in principle either verify or falsify it, then how has it managed to survive as satisfactorily as it has for over 120 years? I think the reason why biologists cling to it so tenaciously is that, if natural selection were swept away, then the general theory of evolution itself- the theory that evolution has occurred- would stand perilously ... natural selection from tautology. This issue is further complicated by one more consideration. If an animal is in fact observed to survive and flourish in a given environment, then the biologist is perfectly capable of subsequently enumerating those traits that contribute to this success. For example he can point out- as has been done in the case of moths- that dark ...
15. Racial Memory and Instinct: The Case of the Honeyguide [Aeon Journal $]
... Zoologique, was published in 1809 and subsequently languished in obscurity until Darwin's On the Origin of Species made evolution a household word and the cornerstone of the biological sciences (the word biology was actually coined by Lamarck). In Lamarck's system, an animal's behavior played a decisive role in its evolution, both in selecting its environment and in shaping structure through habitual ... Lamarck's magnum opus, Philosophie Zoologique, was published in 1809 and subsequently languished in obscurity until Darwin's On the Origin of Species made evolution a household word and the cornerstone of the biological sciences (the word biology was actually coined by Lamarck). In Lamarck's system, an animal's behavior played a decisive role in its evolution, both in selecting its environment and ... such feedback between somatic cells and the genome during embryogenesis, it becomes impossible to deny similar means of feedback during the life of the organism. The case of the honeyguide presents biologists with a dilemma: Do we accept the perfectly logical Lamarckian explanation of the symbiosis between the greater honey-guide and mammals as reflecting the inherited effects of experience and habit even though we ...
16. The SIS Evolution Debate Continued [SIS C&C Review $]
... can arise out of chaos, and how continued self-organisation can lead to increasing complexity. Despite this, I have reservations about Bernard's application of Davies's ideas to the field of evolutionary biology. In particular, I wonder just how helpful it is to speak in general terms, as Davies does, about progressive biological evolution occurring as a result of systems reaching bifurcation ... leap abruptly into new states of organizational complexity. It seems clear that it is this tendency, rather than random mutation and natural selection, that is the essential mode of progressive biological evolution.... "The power behind evolutionary change, then, is the continual forcing of the biosphere away from its usual state of dynamic equilibrium, either by internal ... the title of his major work, largely concerned himself with discussing mechanisms by which populations might evolve, without ever seriously addressing the thorny problem of speciation; and most subsequent evolutionary biologists have done likewise. Bernard is absolutely right when he says that the weak viability of the cheetah, after having apparently passed through an evolutionary bottleneck some 10,000 years ago ...
17. Towards a new Evolutionary Synthesis [SIS C&C Review $]
... Stebbins is also a contributor to Perspectives on Evolution [5; indeed, he is the author of the opening chapter, at the conclusion of which he writes, "Evolutionary biology is so complex that attempts in the near future to build syntheses around the framework of rigid, all-inclusive generalizations or laws will continue to be self-defeating and will lead to disputes and ... no chance to correct the mistakes and misunderstandings it contains. Some of the mistakes are quite trivial, but some seem to reveal a real confusion with the subject matter, both biological and historical. For example, he writes: "If Darwin had confined himself to saying that advantageous changes would be perpetuated by natural selection, there would be nothing to worry ... different in tone from anything in Darwin to DNA, Molecules to Humanity, but is consistent with the rest of Perspectives on Evolution, which is a series of essays written by biologists for students of biology. In contrast to the 'how much we know' theme of Darwin to DNA, Molecules to Humanity, the theme here is a much more refreshing 'how ...
18. Life Outside the “Habitable Zone” [Thunderbolts Website]
... has plasma-like behavior. Could this resemblance be more than analogy? Is plasma, like liquid water, an essential component of life? Do we need a new science of plasma biology? EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill MANAGING EDITOR: Amy Acheson CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Mel Acheson, Michael Armstrong, Dwardu Cardona, Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom, ... Filamentation of Volcanic Plumes on the Jovian Satellite Io” here .) If water exists anywhere on Io, that may be another place to look for life. Furthermore, the biological sciences have not considered the role plasma may play in the origin of life and its adaptation to sudden changes in environment. Just as astronomers are finding that plasma in space is ... to cosmology, biologists may discover that it ’ s important to the origins and evolution of life as well. Biological experiments that try to create life often make use of electrical discharge as well as chemical reactions. Were these experiments showing us that the electrical activity is a fundamental part of the life-forming process? Catastrophic theory brings up another question. If plasma ...
19. Life Outside the “Habitable Zone” [Thunderbolts Website]
... has plasma-like behavior. Could this resemblance be more than analogy? Is plasma, like liquid water, an essential component of life? Do we need a new science of plasma biology? EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill MANAGING EDITOR: David Talbott CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Mel Acheson, Michael Armstrong, Dwardu Cardona, Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom, ... Filamentation of Volcanic Plumes on the Jovian Satellite Io” here .) If water exists anywhere on Io, that may be another place to look for life. Furthermore, the biological sciences have not considered the role plasma may play in the origin of life and its adaptation to sudden changes in environment. Just as astronomers are finding that plasma in space is ... to cosmology, biologists may discover that it ’ s important to the origins and evolution of life as well. Biological experiments that try to create life often make use of electrical discharge as well as chemical reactions. Were these experiments showing us that the electrical activity is a fundamental part of the life-forming process? Catastrophic theory brings up another question. If plasma ...
20. Forum [SIS C&C Review $]
... . 47-49) and the one by Mitchell Waldrop referred to by Salkeld. Another important book on the subject is How the Leopard Changed its Spots by Brian Goodwin, Professor of Biology at the Open University, which was published by Weidenfeld& Nicholson in 1994. A few words here about this book may help to advance the present discussion. The 'leopard' ... quite different quasi-stable state by the emergence of, for example, a new technology. From his discussions with geneticist/polymath Stuart Kauffman, who had found similar behaviour in the biological world, came the realisation that life forms within an ecosystem apply 'external' pressures on each other, the concept of co-evolution. However, as enunciated in Complexity it seems that ... have we missed something about evolution- some key principle that has shaped the development of life in ways quite different from natural selection, genetic drift, and all the other mechanisms biologists have evoked over the years? Among the 300 physicists, computer scientists and biologists who gathered in Santa Fe recently for the second workshop on artificial life there seemed little doubt that ...
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