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51. Big-bang Bashers [Science Frontiers Website]
... Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Big-bang bashers Doubts concerning the validity of the Big-Bang hypothesis must be becoming more serious, when the conservative Scientific American devotes an entire page to dissenters and their data. After all, the Big Bang, like Evolution and Relativity, is a vital part of the general scientific outlook. How shaky is the Big Bang? L.M. Krauss of Yale, admits that all cosmological theories are "tenuous." He adds: "There are a lot of ... assumptions we base our model on that may be wrong." A leading Big-Bang basher in H. Arp, of whom we have written frequently in SF. We will therefore not pursue his sort of bashing any further here. It is sufficient to say that Arp's doubts about the red-shift/distance relationship continue to receive support through observations of the heavens and in the lab. The other Big-Bang basher featured in Scientific American is H. Alfven, a Nobel-Prize winner in physics. Alfven postulates a universe dominated by electromagnetic forces, which ...
52. The Shorter, the Stranger [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 90: Nov-Dec 1993 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects The shorter, the stranger Just a few months ago (in SF#85), we held forth on biology's Big Bang: that Cambrian paroxysm of biological creativity about 570 million years ago. Until now, biologists had opined that this "explosion" required a rather leisurely 20-40 million years (still very short in geological terms). After all, biological creativity must take time if ... is powered only by stepwise random mutations. But the recent dating of Cambrian formations in northeastern Siberia (which was previously off limits to Western scientists because of its Soviet radar installations) has now compressed this great event to a veritable flash. S.A. Bowring et al, in their startling report in Science, have measured the length of this period of unparalleled biological diversification at only 5-10 million years, possibly as short as a mere 1 million years! What wand of biological creativity was waved at this magical moment? It had to ...
53. Just Another Small, Faint Galaxy [Thunderbolts Website]
... comparative mythology and the newly-discovered "Electric Universe". The Monograph includes an hour-long DVD introducing various aspects of the Electric Universe explained by members of the Thunderbolts Group. More Information Book Synopsis Read Chapter One Order Link Nov 07, 2005 Just Another Small, Faint Galaxy Big Bang theorists interpret Hubble telescope images of small, faint galaxies as ultra-big, ultra-bright galaxies seen long, long ago and far, far away. But evidence from outside their narrow field of view indicates that the galaxies are really small and faint. The image above ... a visible-light image from the Hubble telescope with an infrared image from the Spitzer telescope. Publicists bill it as “a massive galaxy... about eight times the mass of the Milky Way... early in the history of the universe, a time when such mature galaxies were not thought [sic to exist.” (Actually, because its age is estimated to be “a mere 800 million years after the Big Bang,” long before there were thinking human beings, it is a time when such mature galaxies ...
54. Thoth Vol. VI, No. 8 Dec 15, 2002 [Thoth Website]
... That idea is, strictly speaking, a "pre-conception", a presumption. The measurement of K-line displacement has been supplemented with-- one could almost say, buried under-- presumptions about doppler interpretations of redshift, expanding universe interpretations of doppler interpretations, and big bang interpretations of expanding universe interpretations of doppler interpretations. A geologist drives her jeep toward a mountain, stopping to take measurements along the way. She claims to measure the gravitational force of the mountain. What she actually measures is the alignment of a needle with ... mark on the scale of a meter. But interpretation stands alongside the mountain as the object of her inquiry. She presumes gravity rules the universe, or at least the mountain. But even prior to that, she has presumed that the concept of gravity will explain adequately the constellation of data she has in mind when she invokes the presumption of gravity's rule. Between turning on the instrument and noting the deflection of the needle, she has unconsciously answered the question: "What else could it be?" The "what" ...
55. The Picture that Won’t Go Away [Thunderbolts Website]
... NGC 7319, taken by the Hubble Telescope. Seen in front of the dense galactic core was a quasar. Prevailing ideology did not permit a quasar to occupy that position, and its presence threatened to shatter one of the most cherished themes of mainstream astronomy: the Big Bang. For those who wonder what all the commotion was about, we offer this brief refresher. The rationale for the Big Bang rests substantially on an interpretation of a well-known phenomenon called “redshift”. The term refers to the shift of light from distant ... toward red on the light spectrum. Many years ago, astronomers decided that redshifted objects must be moving away from the observer, stretching out their lightwaves. This “Doppler interpretation” of redshift enabled astronomers, based on the degree of redshift, to calculate both the distances and velocities of the objects. From these calculations, certain conclusions were inescapable. If all redshifted objects are moving farther away, the universe must be expanding. If the universe is expanding, the expansion must have had a starting point — an unimaginable explosion producing ...
56. Too Much Order In The Early Cosmos [Science Frontiers Website]
... not seriously disturb cosmologists, because in the nearby galaxies we are seeing that portion of the universe that is billions of years old. In other words, nearby there has been enough time for some degree of order to have evolved out of the primordial chaos of the Big Bang. Now though, "deep" surveys of galaxies, looking much farther back in time, still show clustered red shifts-- not the expected increasing chaos required by theory. Although the surveys are incomplete, astronomers are discomfited by this early lumpiness. ... theories say that there was not enough time for galaxies to organize themselves into sheets, shells, and skeins. If further "deep" probings of the cosmos confirm this redshift clustering, we may need a new evolutionary scenario. Good bye Big Bang and expanding universe! (Vogel, Gretchen; "Goodness, Gracious, Great Walls Afar," Science, 274:343, 1996. Vergano, D.; "New Evidence of Cosmic Architecture," Science News, 150:239, 1996) In a related news ...
57. Halton Arp: A Modern Day Galileo [SIS Internet Digest $]
... us, but the greater the redshift, the further away the galaxies are. Since he found that all galaxies appeared to be moving away from us, then at some time in the past, they must come have come together. This is the origin of the Big Bang theory. The only foundations of the Big Bang are: (a) Size and luminosity are proportional to redshift. (b) Size and luminosity are proportional to distance (c) Hence Redshift is proportional to distance (d) Hence velocity of galaxies ... proportional to distance (ie, the further away galaxies are, the faster they appear to move). However, some galaxies have been found that fail this test. So Arp questioned the expansion. For example NGC1372A&B has different redshifts; Arp found that NGC1372B has 15 times the expect redshift. [See also www.haltonarp.com So it can be deduced that the high redshift objects don't look smaller and fainter because they are farther away. They look smaller and fainter because they really are smaller and fainter. The prediction of microwave ...
58. New Evidence for Quasar Ejection [Thunderbolts Website]
... galaxy. Dec 04, 2006 New Evidence for Quasar Ejection A recently published study adds one more layer of supporting evidence for Astronomer Halton Arp's model of Quasars ejection along the axis of parent galaxies. The discovered association can only come as another surprise to theorists of the Big Bang. We have dedicated many TPODs to highlight the works and ideas of one of the leading opponents of the Big Bang (BB) theory. Halton “Chip” Arp found evidence in the 1960s that has a critical impact on the most fundamental assumption underlying ... theory. The redshift of spectral lines from galaxies has been interpreted as the consequence of velocity of recession from us almost since it was first measured and against warnings of the discoverer, Sir Edwin Hubble. It is the main reason most astronomers believe we live in an expanding Universe. This assumption, together with its corollary that velocity of recession is a measure of distance, has become the cornerstone of Big Bang cosmology. So when Arp first showed evidence of a physical connection between objects with different redshifts, that is, evidence for ...
59. The Search for Two Numbers [Thunderbolts Website]
... is a must read since it is both educational and hard-hitting while being readable and entertaining. Writing eye-opening material in more than one arena, Arp takes on the corruption of good science in academia, government and publishing after giving us great material concerning red shift, the Big Bang, and cosmology. The book Seeing Red can be ordered via the link. Order Link Sep 03, 2004 The Search for Two Numbers Astronomy's obsessive search for the two numbers --the Hubble Constant and the age of the universe --is based upon an unwarranted assumption ... i.e., redshift equals distance. Alan Sandage, talking about Hubble/Humason's 1931 paper that first suggested there is a connection between redshift and distance of galaxies, said: "Judged by its subsequent influence, the paper by Hubble and Humason (1931) was one of the great, prescient early papers in observational cosmology. It outlined the central research trends that continued well beyond the middle third of the twentieth century. From 1929 until the discovery of the of the Alpher-Herman microwave background in 1965 this was the field of " ...
60. Space Spume [Science Frontiers Website]
... Spume The celestial pot seems to have boiled over "in the beginning." New surveys of the galaxies suggest that they are mostly located on the surfaces of bubbles, not as we thought for so long distributed uniformly throughout the cosmos, the expanding debris of the Big Bang. If further surveys confirm a bubbly universe, the "conventional explanations for the evolution of large-scale structure in which gravity played a dominant role may have to be modified or abandoned." To explain the bubbles, a new scenario has Big Bang #1 ... a population of uniformly distributed, extremely massive stars, which eventually burned out and exploded in a crescendo of supernovas. One stellar detonation stimulating adjacent giant stars to explode in a chain reaction. The bubble-like shock waves expanding outward from these explosions stimulated the condensations of the stars we now see in the heavens. Naturally, these stars and galaxies are concentrated on the surfaces of the shock wave bubbles. (Anonymous; "New 3-D Map Shows the Cosmos with a 'Bubble Bath' Appearance," Baltimore Sun, January 5, 1986 ...
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