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41. Too Many Galaxies [Thunderbolts Website]
... newly-discovered "Electric Universe". The Monograph includes an hour-long DVD introducing various aspects of the Electric Universe explained by members of the Thunderbolts Group. More Information Book Synopsis Read Chapter One Order Link Apr 06, 2006 Too Many Galaxies An overabundance of galaxies in the early Big Bang universe is just a normal population of next-generation galaxies in the intrinsic-redshift universe. A press release from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) announces that“a team of French and Italian astronomers... made use of the VIsible Multi-Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) ... Melipal, one of the 8.2-m telescopes of ESO's Very Large Telescope Array. VIMOS can observe the spectra of about 1,000 galaxies in one exposure, from which redshifts, hence distances, can be measured.... “[ Their aim is to measure in some selected patch of the sky the redshift of all galaxies brighter than magnitude 24 in the red.... “In a total sample of about 8,000 galaxies selected only on the basis of their observed brightness in red light, almost 1, ...
42. The Ever-Elusive "Dark Energy" [Thunderbolts Website]
... matter” than visible matter. Such leaps of faith, however, are dwarfed by the more recent appeals to a mysterious concept called “dark energy”— summoned to prevent a complete collapse of modern cosmology and in particular its cherished “starting point”, the big bang. Certain principles of the big bang hypothesis are foundational. To give up these principles would be to abandon the hypothesis. One such principle is the standard interpretation of “redshift” (the shift of spectra from distant objects in space toward the red end ... the light spectrum). Astronomers view redshift as a reliable indicator of the speed at which an object is moving away from the observer. The result of this interpretation is the now-famous “expanding universe”. Applying assumptions that once seemed obvious, the redshifted objects in space must mean that the universe is growing larger, as the distances between observed objects grows ever greater. Another foundational principle is that of an electrically neutral, gravity-driven universe. And if gravity is the controlling force, then it follows that distant objects ’ velocities of ...
43. On the Dark Side [Thunderbolts Website]
... by members of the Thunderbolts Group. More Information Book Synopsis Read Chapter One Order Link Feb 28, 2006 In the Dark on Matter Fabulous Matter and Energy Since there is no experimental or observable evidence that dark matter exists, is it just a prop for the beleaguered big bang theory? This highly speculative construct is now combined with one just as fabulous --dark energy --to shore up current cosmological dogma. In the 1930s, astronomers Fritz Zwicky and Sinclair Smith were puzzled by the motions they observed within the Virgo and Coma galactic clusters. ... seemed to be moving too fast to be held in place by gravity. So they conjectured that something they could not see was exerting a gravitational effect on these clusters. But most astronomers were only marginally impressed. In the 1970s, however, astronomers began to examine the rotational motions of spiral galaxies such as our own Milky Way. The rotational speeds of the stars that make up spiral galaxies are far too great, they said: At such speeds the constituent stars should be flying apart. So astronomers, accustomed to thinking only ...
44. Too Many Galaxies [Thunderbolts Website]
... day resources team a role for you contact us home pic of the day archive subject index abstract archive Links: Holoscience Electric Cosmos The Universe Plasma Cosmology Society for Interdisciplinary Studies educational resources Aeon Journal Sep 29, 2005 Too Many Galaxies An overabundance of galaxies in the early Big Bang universe is just a normal population of next-generation galaxies in the intrinsic-redshift universe. A press release from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) announces that“a team of French and Italian astronomers... made use of the VIsible Multi-Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) ... Melipal, one of the 8.2-m telescopes of ESO's Very Large Telescope Array. VIMOS can observe the spectra of about 1,000 galaxies in one exposure, from which redshifts, hence distances, can be measured.... “[ Their aim is to measure in some selected patch of the sky the redshift of all galaxies brighter than magnitude 24 in the red.... “In a total sample of about 8,000 galaxies selected only on the basis of their observed brightness in red light, almost 1, ...
45. The Fingers of God [Thunderbolts Website]
... is a must read since it is both educational and hard-hitting while being readable and entertaining. Writing eye-opening material in more than one arena, Arp takes on the corruption of good science in academia, government and publishing after giving us great material concerning red shift, the Big Bang, and cosmology. The book Seeing Red can be ordered via the link. Order Link Oct 18, 2004 Fingers of God The big bang theory predetermines the size, the shape and the age of the universe (according to the latest satellite data, ... is an expanding sphere 78 billion light years in diameter and 13.7 billion years old.) Because astronomers believe that redshift is a measure of distance, most of the distances of millions of galaxies, quasars, and gamma ray bursts have been distorted. A different interpretation of redshift will imply a much different universe. Halton Arp's research shows that redshift cannot be a measure of distance. The charts above compare a galaxy cluster in Arp's observed universe to the big bang's theoretical universe. These three diagrams are called "pie charts" because ...
46. Death Star [Thunderbolts Website]
... is a must read since it is both educational and hard-hitting while being readable and entertaining. Writing eye-opening material in more than one arena, Arp takes on the corruption of good science in academia, government and publishing after giving us great material concerning red shift, the Big Bang, and cosmology. The book Seeing Red can be ordered via the link. Order Link Sep 14, 2004 Death Star The Galaxy that Killed the Big Bang For 80 years cosmology has been cascading down a riverbed carved through disciplines and institutions, careers, ... and journals. It began with an assumption now proven false by the image above, and it must begin again from its source in empiricism and flow in another direction. All that's counted as known-- the Big Bang, the expanding universe, the structure of the cosmos --must be left as a d The image above, taken by amateur astronomers through a medium-sized backyard telescope, shows a low-redshift galaxy (NGC 4319) connected to a high-redshift quasar (QSO) (Markarian 205). Astronomer Halton Arp first brought attention to ...
47. Thoth Vol. III, No. 13 Oct 15, 1999 [Thoth Website]
... C Review, 1997:1---- GRAVITY VS. PLASMA By Mel Acheson Kuhn's 1962 essay (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions) exploring the nature of changes in scientific theories, and a plethora of commentaries since, have made it out to be a Big Deal and to be also somewhat mysterious: "revolution", "incommensurability of paradigms", "new world", etc. It seems to me the essence of it is simply different viewpoints. Just as the landscape looks different when viewed from different locations ... , silence in the face of the quantization of redshifts, etc. More and more evidence is being ignored. Newton was unaware of plasma. Today his disciples spend years in training learning when and how to shut their eyes to it. It's not just the Big Bang, General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics that are in trouble but the foundation of them all: Gravity is an exhausted and bankrupt concept. A higher, more comprehensive foundation is needed. The technologies of gravity have lifted us to a viewpoint that's bigger than gravity ...
48. The Electric Universe [SIS C&C Review $]
... is an exciting 'Big Picture' that emphasises our dramatic prehistory and essential connection with the universe. 'In questions of science the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual.' Galileo Galilei What is wrong with the present cosmology of the Big Bang that suggests we should think again? A journalist has written:'... for sheer extravagant implausibility, nothing in theology or metaphysics can hold a candle to the [Big Bang. Surely, if this description of the cosmic genesis came from the ... or the Koran rather than the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, it would be treated as a preposterous myth' [1. A few professionals [2, like the astronomers Halton Arp, Sir Fred Hoyle and Tom van Flandern, do so treat it. Van Flandern has listed on his website the Top Ten Problems with the Big Bang [3. Arp has studied the relationship between quasars and galaxies and shown that the Hubble expansion of the universe is a fiction: there could never have been a Big Bang. After a lifetime ...
49. Just Another Small, Faint Galaxy [Thunderbolts Website]
... home updates news and views picture of the day resources team a role for you contact us picture of the day archive subject index subject abstracts Credit: NASA/ESA/R Hurt/Spitzer Science Center Aug 17, 2006 Just Another Small, Faint Galaxy Big Bang theorists interpret Hubble telescope images of small, faint galaxies as ultra-big, ultra-bright galaxies seen long, long ago and far, far away. But evidence from outside their narrow field of view indicates that the galaxies are really small and faint. The image above combines ... visible-light image from the Hubble telescope with an infrared image from the Spitzer telescope. Publicists bill it as “a massive galaxy... about eight times the mass of the Milky Way... early in the history of the universe, a time when such mature galaxies were not thought [sic to exist.” (Actually, because its age is estimated to be “a mere 800 million years after the Big Bang,” long before there were thinking human beings, it is a time when such mature galaxies were ...
50. Beware of the Dark Side [Thunderbolts Website]
... matter and dark energy. The dark matter must be composed of something other than atoms and molecules, and the dark energy must be strong enough to counteract gravity. No one has ever detected either dark matter or dark energy. But if they didn't exist, the big bang theory couldn't work. So loyal astronomical followers believe that the planets and stars and nebulae and galaxies we observe must be only 4% of what's really out there. The rest will be "discovered" eventually. The picture above, based on Chandra x-ray ... , is an artist's concept of how dark matter in the Fornax cluster of galaxies is hypothesized to work, explaining away the anomalous motions of galaxies in clusters. When Fritz Zwicky first proposed the concept of dark matter in the 1930's, he wasn't talking about the same dark matter that astronomers believe in today. He was proposing that galaxies and clusters have enough real atoms and molecules in dust clouds, planets, and dim stars to account for the fact that galaxies in clusters appear to be moving so fast that the clusters are flying ...
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