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Search results for: babylonian in all categories

681 results found.

69 pages of results.
... as morning star, 90 days invisibility at superior conjunction and 250 days visibility as evening star. (2) A. F. Aveni, in his Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico (University of Texas Press, 1980), has the following footnote (p.327): "It is curious that that the Babylonians also counted a three month disappearance interval..." (quoted by Aveni from A. Pannekoek, A History of Astronomy (London, 1969), p. 33). (3) A portion of the Babylonian "Ninsianna" (or "Ammizaduga") tablets, frequently referred to as "the artificial insertion", contains a number of reports on Venus, all of which claim a 90-day disappearance at superior conjunction (Rose& Vaughan, Kronos V:4); the synodic period of Venus comes out at 587 days in this set of records, which appear to be artificially contrived ones, rather than actual observations. Rose and Vaughan argue (op. cit.) that they are actually a form of "smoothed average ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  15k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/vol0502/05prob.htm
72. Alalakh and the Collon Affair [Aeon Journal $]
... west and Old Akkadian scimitars in Mesopotamia." [11 Shelley-Pearce did not, however, supply any sources for the above assertions in order for others to ascertain whether these sources really state what he claimed they do and/or whether the statements contained in these sources stand up to scrutiny. Besides, as Newgrosh also pointed out, neither Woolley nor Collon dated Alalakh's stratum VII to the Old Akkadian period despite the presence of bull-man seals in the stratum. "Indeed, level VII corresponds more closely to the time of the Old Babylonian dynasty (Hammurabi and successors)"-- although this does not mean that the stratum in question is Old Babylonian. [12 This, in itself, is enough to tumble Heinsohn's revision as per his own reconstruction. As Newgrosh pointed out: "Conventional history allows for the Old Babylonians and Hyksos to be either contemporaries or near-contemporaries...But in the Heinsohn revision, the Old Babylonian kings are alter-egos of the Persians and can in no way be contemporaries of the Old Akkadians/Hyksos/neo-Assyrians." [13 Although ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  12k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0504/35alal.htm
... Orientation," I stressed that the entirety of Egyptian astronomy, as G.A. Wainwright brought out, was developed with the celestial position of the terrestrial axis playing the governing role. Chinese astronomy was so oriented, too (J. Needham). See also the Section, "Tao", in W. in C. The persisting order of the world and solar motions were watched with the help of the obelisks, for which we have the testimony of Pliny (W. in C, p. 320). The Babylonian and Greek astronomies were oriented primarily toward east and west, or to the rising and setting points of the sun at equinoxes and solstices; therefore the Babylonian stargazers, as a multitude of cuneiform texts witness, carefully watched whether the equinoctial days arrived on time and whether any change occurred in the horizon positions of sunrising points on the winter and summer solstice days. Should the equinox day retard or precede, or should the sun rise too far or not far enough to the north or to the south on the solstices, the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  7k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr03/17orient.htm
... From: Aeon V:4 (July 1999) Home¦ Issue Contents Comets, Polular Culture, and the Birth of Modern Cosmology by Sara Genuth (Princeton, 1997) Reviewed by Ev Cochrane Few things in life are as memorable and charged with unconscious emotion as the appearance of a brilliant comet. From time immemorial, comets have inspired dread and been associated with ominous portents. Ancient Babylonian astronomical texts link comets to the death of kings and other calamities. Similar views were common among the Greeks and Romans. Of a comet that appeared during Nero's reign, Tacitus wrote as follows: "A comet blazed into view-- in the opinion of the crowd, an apparition boding change to monarchies. Hence, as though Nero were already dethroned, men began to inquire on whom the next choice should fall." [8 In order to assuage the panicked populace and preserve his power, Nero had his potential rivals slain in an orgy of blood and deceit. That such beliefs persisted well into modern times is confirmed by Shakespeare's famous passage: " ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  8k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0504/93comet.htm
... SIS REVIEW IV:I, p.18-22- Ed.). Courville, in noting a genealogical discrepancy involved in accepting the 14th century Assyrian king of this name as the author of these letters, breaks off in his quote from Luckenbill, just short of the explanation regarding Assur-nadin-ahe. The placement of this king in relationship to Ashuruballit is clarified by Poebel, whereas if we accept Courville's proposal that Ashuruballit may have been "a prince son of Shalmaneser III" then we have no Assur-nadin-ahe anywhere in his immediate ancestry. Velikovsky sees the Babylonian Burnaburiash as the "alter ego of Shalmaneser the Assyrian"- a most unlikely explanation, in view of Shalmaneser's own archives and Burnaburiash's request in letter no.9, urging Pharaoh not to "carry on any business with the envoys of the Assyrians", hardly the sort of comment that an Assyrian king would make. As for the letters from the Babylonian Kuri-galzu, Velikovsky ignores these completely. Who were they from? Courville proposes that these letters are from Kassites, who can hardly be the 14th century kings. Neither proposal offers ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  9k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/vol0303/06notes.htm
76. Twists of Time [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2001:2 (Jan 2002) Home¦ Issue Contents LETTERS Twists of Time Bob Porter Replying to Geoff Barnard's letter in C&CR 2001:1 p. 73, I am partly in agreement but more explanation is required. Geoff questioned how the New Chronology could down-date Egyptian, Hittite and Babylonian chronology by c.350 years at the times of Ramesses II, Hattusilis III and their Babylonian contemporaries Kadashman Turgu and Kadshman Enlil II (the Amarna period and the whole of Late Bronze II are, of course, similarly downdated), whereas in an earlier period the First Dynasty of Babylon was only down-dated by 227 years (based on Wayne Mitchell's astronomical calculations on the Venus tablets). The chronological sequence can be roughly summarised as follows: First Dynasty of Babylon (Venus tablets) Early Kassite Period (how long?) Amarna period (downdated c.350 years by NC) Ramesses II/Hattusilis III/Kadashmans Barnard seems to assume that the length of the early Kassite period has been correctly fixed, but this is very ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v2001n2/64twists.htm
77. Velikovsky, Solomon, strata [SIS Internet Digest $]
... should also be noted that Rose agrees with Heinsohn in a number of areas, too. Now, if Lynn Rose uses astronomical calculations to radically downdate the pyramids and the 12th dynasty (Middle Kingdom) then I will certainly look at such calculations with fresh interest and appreciation. While not specifically agreeing with Rose on his proposed dates, I do think he's moving in the right direction. From: cwhelton@mindspring.com (Clark Whelton) Date: Fri, 21 May 1999 090652 -0400 Ev wrote: In fact, portions of Old Babylonian Babylon have been excavated, far beneath the stratum Heinsohn and Whelton would identify with that of Hammurabi. Clark writes: This is an important point. Ev says a stratum "far beneath" the layer Gunnar Heinsohn identifies as Persian period (i.e. the first pre-Hellenistic (or pre-Parthian) stratum) has been excavated. Perhaps Ev would be good enough to provide some more details, especially the positional relationship between the stratum he mentions and Hellenistic times, and which strata separate them. Ev wrote: This alone is enough evidence ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  8k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/i-digest/1999-2/18vel.htm
78. Binomial Coefficients, Permutations and Combinations in Elam and Babylon [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... of binomialism, whether of binomial expansion, (1) generally thought to have been generalized by Sir Isaac Newton, or binomial coefficients, (2) generally thought to be expressed by Blaise Pascal and known by Arabs and the Chinese at least as late as A.D. 1303; (3) or of the study of permutations and combinations. While no hard data of binomial and combination study can be shown, it is generally conceded by many that knowledge of the binomial coefficients lies, of course, fully within the reach of Babylonian algebra. (4) The first evidence of the study of permutations comes in the mystic trigrams of the Chinese and Japanese, which appear in one of the oldest Chinese classics, the I-King. This consists of the various permutations of straight and broken lines taken three at a time. This arrangement of lines is seen on amulets and charms in China and India, and it is also used as an ornament on objects where it can have no mystical significance whatever. Interest in the subject of permutations was relatively slight among the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol0601/52binom.htm
79. The Synchronistic Chronical: A Critique [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... a construction that does not demand any such rejection of inscriptive evidence should be recognised as a preferred structure. Yet Dr. Courville does not ask if both could be in error. The portion of the Chronicle that concerns us here covers the period of the Assyrian kings Adasi to Assur-saduni-- kings 47-64 on the Khorsabad king-list, dated 1648-1430,[3 Aligned parallel to these monarchs are, first, kings of the Dynasty of the Sealand and then the early Kassite kings. Attested synchronizations demonstrate a partial overlap between the first three Babylonian dynasties. Since the Chronicle begins with the Assyrian king Adasi and the Sealand king Damiqilishu, it would appear that the Amorite or First Dynasty was regarded as predating the period covered by the Chronicle. Under the proposals envisaged by Dr. Courville this dynasty is aligned parallel to the successive Sealand and Kassite dynasties. Thus the Chronicle appears to ignore the "King of Babylon" and perhaps also the then-principal Assyrian king, since Dr. Courville elects to "fold" the Assyrian king-list into a triple line of kings. [4 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol0602/093sync.htm
... thus predicts- 1. The ancient sun god was the planet Saturn. The Sumerian Ningirsu, the planet Saturn,"comes forth in terrifying splendor. In the land it becomes day." Ningirsu is thus "the god who changes darkness into light," the god "whose splendor is heroic." (4) That such statements would be made of the now-distant Saturn seems unthinkable. Rather, this is the very language one would expect in descriptions of the "sun" in ancient hymns. (5) The Babylonian sun god is Shamash, and Babylonian astronomical texts say in unequivocal terms: "The planet Saturn is Shamash." (6) Thus the Greek historian Diodorus reports that Babylonian astronomers knew the planet Saturn as the star of the "sun" (Helios). (7) Though early Egyptian sources do not offer a formal astronomy to directly connect their gods with planets, (8) a later Egyptian ostrakon cited by Franz Boll identifies the sun god Ra as the Greek Kronos, the planet Saturn. (9) ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  149k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0102/095polar.htm
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