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69 pages of results.
51. Velikovsky & Saturnists & the Gods [SIS Internet Digest $]
... ever hope to find. From: Ev Cochrane, email@example.com Date: Tue, 26 Sep 95 22:36:22 -0500 I, for one, would like to ask tim what in the hell he is talking about? Exactly what "sophisticated methods for predicting the motions and position of the planets" does he have in mind? (For readers new to the controversy surrounding ancient myth and archaeoastronomy, Mr. Thompson is the guy who in an earlier thread spoke of "geometrical methods" being used by the Babylonian astronomers as early as the time of Ammizaduqa. WRONG!) why do I suspect that the history of astronomy is not Tim's strong suit? And where is the evidence that astrology was already in "full bloom" at the dawn of history (c. 3000 BC)? Mind you, I am perfectly willing to entertain the possibility, but where is the evidence for such a statement? Certainly it is possible that the ancients invented stories about the various planets. If so, however, it should be relatively easy ...
52. EARLY GLASSMAKING AND CHRONOLOGICAL PUZZLES [Aeon Journal $]
... half a century later Adad-nirari I in a Cyrus-the-Great style brought together an enormously vast empire not easily sustained in the ancient world of the 13th century B.C.E. Toward the South of Mesopotamia a Kassite or Middle-Babylonian text, "the paleography of [which.. .is not characteristic enough for dating it," (89) "was written in Babylon some time between the fourteenth and the twelfth century." (90) The Kassites of this period are also Amarna dated. Especially striking in the Middle Assyrian language are the "definite Babylonian influences." (91) After a "particularly long" material and textual gap a rich body of glass recipes with more than 500 extant lines found in the library of Ashurbanipal (-668 to 631) resumed that 700 year old tradition. This time, however, "all glass texts in the library are part of the Assyrian tradition and do not go back to any textual material taken over from Babylonia." (92) This is surprising because the late Assyrian Ashurbanipal is considered to have drawn from Middle Assyrian tradition and ...
53. The Early Assyrian King List, The Genealogy of the Hammurapi Dynasty, and the "Greater Amorite" Tradition [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... with tabu, "to be good," or atudu/dudu, "wild ram," by Finkelstein.[10 Another suggestion comes from Kraus, who sees a possibility of its meaning "meines Weges,"[11 i.e. "my way." These depend of course on what form the original may have taken, and this would appear to require more evidence before a definite decision can be made. "Adamu" recalls a deity name at Mari and may be related to a toponyrn mentioned in an Old Babylonian itinerary. [12 3. Janqua 4. Sahlamu These two names are separated from the GHD couplet: Ya-am-qu-us-su-ha-lam-ma. Little more can be adduced except that perhaps the reading "su-ha-lam-ma" helped decide the value of KIT as first read.[13 5. Harharu 6. Mandaru Both these names appear to be tribal geographical names. Finkelstein construes the line to mean "the miller of Mandaru," positing connection, based, though, on a written source, between "Sumerian HAR HAR with a phonetic value ARAR or ...
54. The Origins of the Latin God Mars [SIS C&C Review $]
... analogue to the Latin god. Indeed, it is my opinion that a comparison of the respective gods might reveal their common origin. Nergal Nergal is best known, perhaps, by virtue of his mention in the Old Testament [II Kings 17:30. The chief god of Kutha, a city near Babylon, Nergal's cult can be traced throughout the wide range of Akkadian influence, from Mari to Babylon to Sumer [16. The god's cult can be found in the earliest times of Sumer and remained strong even in late Babylonian and Persian times, a period spanning some three thousand years [17. In the past century a wealth of evidence has come to light regarding the nature of this god. Nergal was first and foremost a god of war. As was the case with the Latin Mars and Greek Ares, the name Nergal was frequently employed as a synonym for war [18. Countless hymns attest to the god's preoccupation with the phenomena of war. The following hymn is typical: "Warrior! Raging storm-tide, who flattens the lands in ...
55. In Defence of Higher Chronologies [SIS C&C Review $]
... to have been of the Valley and seem to have existed simultaneously with various rulers of the Delta [4. The Middle Kingdom began either in the late 7th century or in the early 6th century and ended on October 4 (Julian) -331, when the reign of Sebeknefru came to a close and Alexander the Great took over [5. The Old Kingdom presumably started very late in the second millennium and ended in about the 7th century [6. Since there are ample indications that the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and the First Babylonian Dynasty were contemporary, or at least overlapped [7, my lowering of the Middle Kingdom led me to endorse an earlier claim by Gunnar Heinsohn that the First Babylonian Dynasty needs to be lowered to Persian times and is, in fact, to be identified with the Persian Empire [8. In this, Hammurabi would be the same as Darius the Great, Ammisaduqa would be the same as Artaxerxes III Ochos [9 and so on. Heinsohn based these conclusions mainly on archaeological and stratigraphical considerations, which I tend to see ...
56. THE VELIKOVSKY AFFAIR: CHAPTER 4: CUNEIFORM ASTRONOMICAL RECORDS AND CELESTIAL INSTABILITY [Quantavolution Website]
... Quantavolution.Org E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org TABLE OF CONTENTS THE VELIKOVSKY AFFAIR SCIENTISM VERSUS SCIENCE PART FOUR by Livio C. Stecchini CUNEIFORM ASTRONOMICAL RECORDS AND CELESTIAL INSTABILITY To prove that there are ancient records which document that in recent times the earth underwent a cataclysm of extraterrestrial origin which is precisely described and should be taken into account as an empirical datum by those whose task is to construct astronomical and cosmological theories, I shall quote the opinion of a recognized major authority on Babylonian and biblical astronomy, chronology, and mythology, Father Franz Xavier Kugler (1862-1929). Kugler had a strictly scientific bent of mind. He started his academic career as a university lecturer of chemistry, but, after the death of Joseph Epping (1835-94), a fellow member of the Jesuit order and the founder of the study of cuneiform astronomical texts, Kugler decided to take over and continue his work and to this end became an outstanding expert on ancient astronomy and cuneiform philology. Most of his life was dedicated to the interpretation of cuneiform texts dealing with astronomy and with the related topics ...
57. Ancient Near Eastern Chronology Revised [The Velikovskian $]
... . (9) The identity of Hyksos or Middle Bronze scimitars in the West and Old Akkadian or Early Bronze scimitars in Mesopotamia is at least known for more than a quarter of a century. (10) The identity of Hyksos Akkadian with Old Akkadian Akkadian was shown 30 years ago. (11) This finding was further confirmed when it was understood that the Old Hittites of the -16th century (conventionally), contemporaries of the Hyksos whatever their absolute dates, also used Old Akkadian dates (of -2400) and not Old Babylonian ones (-2000 to -1700) as was expected. (12) After Hyksos and Old Akkadians shared scripts, scimitars, triple gates, pottery shapes, vaulted burials, temple plans, etc., it became unavoidable to postulate their stratigraphic contemporaneity. To establish the identity of stratigraphical horizons for Old Akkadians (as well as for Old Assyrians) and Hyksos, we have to return to the chronologically all-important Mitanni: The -17th/ -16th century strata of the Hyksos in Egypt (Tell el-Daba), Israel (Megiddo) and Syro-Phoenicia ...
58. Chapter XXXIV: The Origin of Egyptian Astronomy -- the Northern Schools [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... ) there were temples dedicated to "Sutekh" and "Baal." In the chapter on the circumpolar stars I have suggested that they were taken as typifying the powers of darkness and of the lower world, and I believe it is conceded by Egyptologists that Anubis in jackal form was either contemporaneous with or preceded Osiris in this capacity. In the exact centre of the circular zodiac of Denderah we find the jackal located at the pole of the equator; it obviously represents the present Little Bear. Now, do we get any Babylonian connection so far as we have gone? We learn, to begin with, from Pierret [6 that the hippopotamus, the emblem of Set and Typhon, was the hieroglyph of the Babylonian god "Baal." Do we get the jackal constellation in Babylonian astronomy? Of this there is no question, and in early times. Jensen refers [7 to the various readings "jackal" and "leopard," and states that it is only doubtful whether by this figure the god ANU or the pole of the ecliptic ...
59. Analysis of the Babylonian Observations [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. II No. 2 (Nov 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Analysis of the Babylonian Observations Lynn E. Rose and Venus Raymond C. Vaughan Copyright (c) 1976 by Lynn E. Rose and Raymond C. Vaughan. *This paper is an expanded version of one that was first presented on June 19 1974 before the international symposium- Velikovsky and the Recent History of the Solar System- held at McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario. A number of fragmentary tablets written in cuneiform describe the appearances and disappearances of "Ninsianna". It has usually been claimed that Ninsianna is the planet Venus. It has usually been claimed also that these observations cover approximately twenty-one years and that they are to be assigned to the twenty-one year reign of King Ammizaduga of the First Babylonian Dynasty. Such questions as whether the tablets date from the time of Ammizaduga are not dealt with here, since they have already been discussed in the paper, "Babylonian Observations of Venus"; that paper also included a preliminary report on our investigation ...
60. ?Star of the Sun? [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... unaided eye would hardly distinguish it from the surrounding stars. In many ancient sources Saturn is called ? sun.? The usual name for Saturn in Chaldean astronomy was Alap-Shamas, meaning ? Star of the Sun.? (1) Diodorus of Sicily reported that the Chaldeans called Cronos (Saturn) by the name Helios, or the sun, and he explained that this was because Saturn was the most conspicuous of the planets; (2) Hyginus also wrote that Saturn was called ? Sol.? (3) In the Babylonian astrological texts the word Shamash (Sun) was used to designate Saturn: ? We learn from the notes written by the astrologers that by the word ? sun ? we must understand the ? star of the sun,? i.e., Saturn.? (4) Ninib was the Babylonian name for Saturn: ? Ninib in various places is said to shine like the sun.? He was known as UT-GAL-LU, the ? great sun of storms.? (5) The Greeks used to call Saturn Phaenon, ? ...
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