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681 results found.
69 pages of results.
31. Assyro-Babylonian Chronology In the 620's B.C. [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... this favour was other than the Sin-shum-lishir who reigned briefly as king of Assyria and Babylonia, the question is when did Sin-shum-lishir reign? To date Sin-shum-lishir to 627 could place his accession prior to that of Assur-etillu-ilani and that is impossible in view of the grant of land. However, a dating of Sin-shar-ishkun's Babylonia accession to 627 seems to better agree with the available evidences. His Assyrian accession can seemingly only belong to the Year 623-- and I herewith express my appreciative thanks to Carl Olof Jonsson for suggesting the idea of a Babylonian and then some years later an Assyrian accession for Sin-shar-ishkun. Acceptance of the year 626/25, rather than the more generally accepted 627/26, as the variently called "Year with no king --Year 22 of Kandalanu-- Year of Sin-shum-lishir and Sin-shar-ishkun" allows ample time for Sin-shum-lishir to have placed Assur-etillu-ilani on the Assyrian throne; helped suppress a rebellion and been the recipient of Assur-etillu-ilani's grant of land. Then from about June to September 626 Sin-shum-lishir himself claimed to rule both Assyria and Babylonia. As Sin-shar-ishkun also ruled ...
32. Effects of Atmospheric Dust on the Arcus Visionis [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. III No. 4 (Summer 1978) Home¦ Issue Contents Effects of Atmospheric Dust on the Arcus Visionis Bruce S. Maccabee In Vol. II, No. 2 of KRONOS, Rose and Vaughan(1) presented a rather detailed analysis of Babylonian observations of the "appearances" and "disappearances" of the planet Venus. The intent of their paper was to demonstrate that differences between the Babylonian measurements of the invisibility periods of Venus and comparable modern measurements might indicate that the orbits of Venus and Earth were perturbed in some way after the Babylonian measurements were made (or possibly during the period of the Babylonian observations). In their analysis they identified thirteen independent parameters having to do with orbital elements of Earth and Venus, temporal synchronization of calendars, etc. One of the parameters involved in the analysis is called the arcus visionis, which is the angle at which the Sun must be below the observer's horizon for the skyglow to be low enough to allow Venus to "shine through". This parameter alone of the ...
33. Reflections Of The Persian Wars [The Velikovskian $]
... Our Oriental Heritage, Will Durant states that "Hammurabi and Darius I were separated by differences of blood and religion, and by almost as many centuries as those that divide us from Christ; nevertheless, when we examine the two great kings we perceive that they are essentially and profoundly akin." (1) This article is a continuation of research into Professor Gunnar Heinsohn's hypothesis (2) presented in Sumerians and Akkadians Never Existed. (3) One of the claims Professor Heinsohn makes is that the 11 kings of the First Babylonian Dynasty are the alter egos of the real 11 kings of the Persian Dynasty. (4) Having satisfied myself that the stratographical record, as presented by Heinsohn, shows no clear correlations with conventional chronology, it seemed proper to go to Mesopotamian history and examine whether or not the First Babylonian Dynasty was merely a reflection of the real Persian Dynasty. Using relatively simple source materials, what I discovered was astounding. The method employed was to determine whether the events of the Persian wars that spanned Persian history, from Darius I ...
34. Ninsianna And Ramesside Star Observations [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1986 No 1 (Jul 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Ninsianna And Ramesside Star Observations Michael G.Reade Comparison of the Egyptian Ramesside Star tables with the Babylonian (Ammizaduga) Venus tablets suggests that both relate to the same celestial disturbance. Integration of the information recorded on both leads to recognition of a discontinuity in the precession of the equinoxes of about 2 months (= 60 displacement in longitude of the vernal equinox) and a suggestion as to how 4 and 8 year 'festival' cycles could have originated. In PEOPLES OF THE SEA, footnote No.3 on p.236, Dr Velikovsky cites the most modern figure for the synodic period of Venus as 2919.57/5= 583.914 days. The figure given in ASTROPHYSICAL QUANTITIES (Allen 1973) is 583.92 days. Assuming 583.92 days and a modern tropical year of 365.2422 years, the average synodic period of Venus can be stated as 1.59872 years (modern Earth years). If the spin rate of the Earth should change, without any simultaneous effect on the orbit of the Earth, the ...
35. The Two Sargons and Their Successors (Part II) [Aeon Journal $]
... them, to express their language in writing. The Assyrians were also Semites, and they continued to express their language in writing through the utilisation of the same cuneiform script. Because the bulk of the first published inscriptions from Mesopotamia were those unearthed in Assyrian localities, their language was, by universal consent, at first called Assyrian. Subsequent studies then revealed that the Assyrians, as also the Babylonians, referred to their language as Akkadian. (1) This has led some authorities to assert that the designation of this language as Babylonian and/or Assyrian "is not exactly correct." (2) While that statement requires further clarification, it does not mean that the Assyrians did not have a language of their own since, in fact, they did. As the Encyclopaedia Britannica has it, "the Assyrians spoke, and sometimes wrote a language distinct from, but closely related to, Akkadian, and the term Assyrian is now best reserved for that distinctive language..." (3) Thus the Assyrians spoke and wrote Akkadian as well ...
36. More Problems with Sothic Dating [SIS C&C Review $]
... This paper is a follow-up to the paper in C&CR 1999:2 'Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise'. Contrary to the assumptions of Sothic dating, as late as the Persian period the Egyptians were actually using a calendar that was 41 days ahead of the calendar Sothic dating posits. Geminus and P. Paris 1 have been misused, and, based on more detailed analysis of the documents. There is also a correction to the earlier explanation given for the matches achieved by Porten using the Sothic dating calendar and the Babylonian calendar for double-dated documents from Elephantine. Jess Lasken recently retired as an attorney at the US Government National Science Foundation. He has had articles about ancient history published in C&CR, C&CW, JACF, Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers, Discussions in Egyptology and elsewhere. My previous argument [1 that Theon's 'Petit Commentaire' supports the proposition that the Egyptian calendar used during the Persian period was 41 days ahead of the calendar used by Sothic dating advocates is obviously, by itself, speculative. However critical examination of two ...
37. Mitcham Replies [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... of some 400 years separates the two. 21. L.J. Mitcham, "The Hittite Raid." IBS, Vol. 2, pp. 50-53. What Dr. Courville has done is to uplift from "The Hittite Raid" a single date from my table, "A Possible Chronological Outline," which was based on an initial assumption that:... the raid by Mursilis I dated to the third year of Nebuchadnezzar I, was the same raid that occurred at the end of the Amorite (1st) Babylonian dynasty. A reading of "The Hittite Raid" makes it clear that I reject that proposal and accept that two and not one Hittite raids on Babylon took place. Thus the 1120 B.C. date for the end of the 1st dynasty of Babylon was-- and is-- totally rejected. I went on to endorse the broad outline of Barry Page's paper, "The Kassite State of Karduniash," which also appeared in IBS, Vol. 2. Page set the end of the 1st dynasty of Babylon at ...
38. Hittites and Phrygians [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... , but a union of several peoples owing allegiance to a centralized authority whose identification is unknown. In that respect the Assyrian contemporaries of Urartu have failed history, for they do not divulge in their annalistic inscriptions the identity of the Urartians. Urartu is derived from the root "Ararat,"- the mountain massif associated with the Transcaucasus; it is therefore a geographical term describing a political unit inhibiting Assyrian expansion to the north and northwest. The Bible and Velikovsky In biblical genealogy the ChaIdeans are Semitic relatives of the Hebrews. In Babylonian sources they are portrayed as semi-sedentary tribes occupying the Sealands with bedouin roots in common with the Aramaean tribes of northern Babylonia and the Syrian steppe. Velikovsky 7 attempts to identify the Chaldeans with the people of Khaldis, the Chaldeans placed by Xenophon in Armenia, and therefore by inference with Urartu. This point has previously been criticized by Peter James 8 and Lester Mitcham. 9 Whereas it is not impossible that natural disaster or conquest caused a division of the Chaldean tribes some time in the remote past-- for Abrahamic connections with ...
39. Did the Sumerians and the Akkadians Ever Exist? [Aeon Journal $]
... , the Urartians remained without history until Akkadian-Urartian bilingual texts were found in Urartu proper around Lake Van. The report of the pillage of the sanctuary of Esagila in Babylon by Shulgi is considered to be a clumsy historical distortion of the ancient cuneiform chroniclers because in the third millennium Babylon is considered to have been without importance. Shulgi wages war against remote Subartu, which is diff~cult to localize and yet must have had great power. The end of the last "neo-Sumerian" king Ibbi-Sin and that of the last "neo- Babylonian" king Nabonidus, 1500 years later, show astonishing parallels: both had a rival regent during their last ten years; both sought, in vain, protection behind a mighty fortification between the Euphrates and Tigris, which is either called the Fortress of Martu or the Median Wall. Both lost their capital without its being destroyed. Neither was killed. Both were banished to distant exile. The property to which they were both exiled lies in Anshan in Persia. The striking similarities between Ibbi-sin and Nabonidus and thus, between the ...
... unresolved difficulties, especially in connection with Babylonia and Assyria. In fact, one of the major obstacles to a more favorable reception of Ages in Chaos undoubtedly stems from independent available evidence indicating that certain fourteenth century B.C. rulers of these lands were actually contemporaries of Akhnaton and/or his father, Amenhotep (Amenophis) III, in the Amarna period. Briefly, this evidence emerges from detailed sequential king-list inscriptions from Assyria and partial ones from Babylonia, plus other records, in which names of various fourteenth and late-fifteenth century Assyrian and Babylonian monarchs (but not names of ninth century ones) turn out to be the same as those found in the el-Amarna letters. Here, in order to bring the magnitude of the problem more clearly into focus, a modest attempt is made to direct attention to a number of key interrelationships among principal personalities in the letters whose names are preserved in various ancient records of Assyria and Babylonia. It should be noted, however, that this is done not out of contention but in a cordial spirit of respectful good will, with ...
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