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681 results found.
69 pages of results.
11. The Hittite Raid [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... unusual in the titulary of Nebuchadnezzar I, as one can see from the expression "despoiler of the Kassites."[19 This of course is felt to mean some local remnants of the Kassite empire, since the Kassites as a political entity had ceased to exist about 30 years earlier, according to the present wisdom. Nebuchadnezzar I is thought not to have consolidated his campaigns to the east or west and no contemporary details of this have come to light. However, "his achievements are considered outstanding in a time of relative Babylonian weakness," says Brinkman. [20 Nebuchadnezzar I's reign was a time of cultural[2l and spiritual renaissance and has been described as a "turning point"[22 in terms of religion. He appears to have appointed his daughter as entu priestess at Ur, where a stele of his was found. [23 He is even felt to have been able to hold his own against the Assyrians, even to the point of leading and/or sanctioning raids into Assyrian territory. [24 Finally, Nebuchadnezzar I appears ...
12. On the Foundations of the Assyro-Babylonian Chronology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... it was not, however, Carl Jonsson would apparently not be at all put out, because he thinks that Assyrian chronology would be just as sound if it had not been mentioned. Thus it is, according to him, only a nice additional bonus for helping to determine chronology, though he admits the more usual view is that this identification is of prime importance in establishing Assyrian chronology. It is true that Claudius Ptolemy assigned 14 regnal years to Nabonassar (Nabu-nasir) but it is not true to say that either of the Babylonian chronicles certainly did so. Jonsson admits this as far as Chronicle B is concerned, and hence the figure 14 is entered in brackets, but this chronicle apparently demands a shorter reign for Nabonassar, as it apparently assigns only 22 years for the three reigns of Nabu-shum-ishkun, Nabu-nasir and Nabu-nadin-zir together; perhaps 10+ 10+ 2 in the original. As regards Chronicle A, it is only assumed that it begins in the third or fourth year of Nabonassar, but if it really begins in his first year this chronicle would ...
... and misleading one, need be made toward Velikovsky? This paragraph appeared on page 5 of Huber's mimeographed version. My criticisms of the paragraph appeared on pages 108-111 of my first installment; and on page 111, in order to show that the similarity is "borne out by the more elaborate representations", I presented the photograph of the cylinder seal impression that was cited by Huber. This second and concluding installment of my paper, dealing primarily with the Ninsianna observations (sometimes mistakenly assigned to the reign of Ammizaduga in the First Babylonian Dynasty), is based both on the mimeographed version and on the published version of Huber's paper. The pages of the mimeographed version run from 1 to 37, and the pages of the published version run from 117 to 144; thus the reader can determine from the numbers themselves whether I am referring to the mimeographed version or to the published version. Since those two versions frequently differ, I will refer sometimes to one, sometimes to the other, but whenever possible to both. A reference such as "page 8 ...
14. Computed Planetary Orbits and the Babylonian Observations of Venus [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1986 No 2 (Feb 1987) Home¦ Issue Contents Computed Planetary Orbits and the Babylonian Observations of Venus Eric W Crew The Babylonian inscribed tablets, sometimes described as the Ammizaduga or Ninsianna tablets, as those found in the ruins of Nineveh, record the disappearances and re-appearances of the planet Venus over a period of about 21 years. Computer programs were compiled to show the orbits of Earth and Venus in a simplified co-planar model. The times of inferior and superior conjunctions were obtained and the intervals between similar conjunctions (synodic periods) plotted against time. The computer orbit of Venus was modified until the calculated synodic periods corresponded closely to those derived from the Babylonian records. The results strongly support the view that these records are generally valid and provide important indications concerning the origin and history of Venus. In the simplified mathematical model two planets described as E and V (with characteristics corresponding roughly to those of Earth and Venus) are in orbit in the same plane. The usual starting position of the computer run is when ...
15. Conference: Under One Sky [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:1 (Jun 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents Conference: Under One Sky star-www.dur.ac.uk/~jms/UOS/Preview/ Conference: Under One Sky: Astronomy& Mathematics in the Ancient Near East Archaeologically recovered materials from Egypt and Mesopotamia provide the earliest written sources of astronomy and mathematics known to us today. They reveal that already by the early second millennium BC advanced mathematical techniques had been developed to solve both practical and abstract problems. In the first millennium BC, Babylonian astronomers used developments of these mathematical methods to calculate planetary and lunar phenomena such as the dates of the first and last visibilities of the planets, and eclipses of the sun and moon. This conference will provide a forum for the presentation and discussion of recent work on the history of astronomy and mathematics in the Ancient Near East. In addition to technical discussions of the methods of the ancient science, sessions of the conference will be devoted to exploring the relationship between astronomy and celestial divination, the role of astronomy in establishing absolute chronologies, and the ...
16. Book Review [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop Vol 2 No 2 (Nov 1979) Home¦ Issue Contents Book Review The Twelfth Planet by Zecharia Sitchin Published by G. Allen Unwin, 1977. Review by Peter James AT FIRST glance this well-produced and, on the whole, pleasantly written volume offers the promise of being a stimulating and serious attempt to reinterpret ancient Near Eastern religion and human prehistory. Relying on Babylonian and Biblical mythology in the main, and displaying some apparent erudition, Sitchin develops a model for the origins of civilisation that reminds one at once of the catastrophist theories of Immanuel Velikovsky and Robert Temple's Claim of extraterrestrial intervention in the ancient Near East. The primum mobile of Sitchin's cosmos is a hypothetical 'twelfth planet', known to the Babylonians as Marduk, which he places on an enormous elliptical comet-like orbit stretching from the asteroid belt to the far reaches of the solar system. Every 3,600 years, he claims, Marduk returns to the vicinity of the Earth, causing major catastrophes such as the Universal Deluge, and as the home of a race of ...
17. Hammurabi and the Revised Chronology [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... and King Burnaburiash in the ninth, not the fourteenth, century. Burnaburiash wrote long letters to Amenhotep III and Akhnaton, bore himself in a haughty manner and demanded presents in gold, jewels, and ivory. In the same collection of letters, however, there are many which we have identified as originating from Ahab of Samaria and Jehoshaphat of Jerusalem, and from their governors. 5 Therefore, seven hundred years before this correspondence would bring us to the sixteenth century, not the twenty-first. Also, the end of the First Babylonian Dynasty in circumstances recalling the end of the Middle Kingdom in Egypt would point to some date close to -1500, or even several decades later. A connecting link was actually found between the First Babylonian Dynasty and the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt, the great dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. At Platanos on Crete, a seal of the Hammurabi type was discovered in a tomb together with Middle Minoan pottery of a kind associated at other sites with objects of the Twelfth Egyptian Dynasty, 6 more exactly, of its earlier part. 7 ...
18. A New Interpretation of the Assyrian King List [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... AKL versions with the records known as the Assyrian Royal Inscriptions (hereafter ARI) outwardly confirms the general accuracy of the AKL itself. Based solely upon any AKL reading it appears impossible to suggest any method by which a reduction in the time-span of Assyrian chronology might be undertaken. Any possible reduction for Mesopotamian chronology as a whole, and ultimately for Egyptian chronology, therefore, would appear unlikely (see below). However, let us ask if in fact we can view the AKL on some other basis; perhaps, like the Babylonian King List (hereafter BKL), the AKL may conceal a degree of parallelism between certain monarchs. For Babylon we now know that the first Sealand dynasty was contemporaneous with the early years of the Kassite dynasty and that in turn the early years of both these dynasties were contemporaneous with the last years of the Amorite dynasty. Yet a reading of the BKL does not of itself reveal this fact. Thus we need have little hesitation in rejecting the idea that the AKL must be read as a sequence. At a point conventionally ...
19. The Ninsianna tablets, a preliminary reconstruction [SIS C&C Review $]
... presented of the succession of disturbances of the Earth's motions indicated by the Ninsianna (Ammisaduqa) Venus tablets. The principal single outcome is a small expansion of the Solar System, an approximate 1% expansion of the orbit of the Earth which was initiated about 882 BC and which was complete by about 729 BC. In the course of this expansion, Venus pushed the Earth out towards Mars, causing the Earth to start pushing against Mars. The reality of the one time 360 day year is confirmed but this was a count of Babylonian days per Babylonian year, any change in the absolute spin rate of the Earth being minimal. A secondary outcome of the analysis is a major disruption of the orthodox system of precessional dating, permitting synchronisation of the Phaeton and the Exodus episodes, together with the somewhat unexpected finding that Stonehenge can be added to the world list of ancient monuments which have their origin in these disturbances. Method and Assumptions The 'Ninsianna' or 'Venus tablets of Ammisaduqa' have been the subject of much previous study [1. The present analysis is ...
20. Sennecherib & Esarhaddo [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... 3), for the eclipse of the sun, in the 10th year of Ashur-Dan III. The dating of an event is based on the method (theory) we use for chronological reconstruction. If the system differs, so does the date. Why must we accept Jonsson's dates? He is simply using a part of Ptolemy's data, which credits Sennecherib with a 24 year reign. Conventional Chronology Conventional chronology, from 747 B.C., is based mainly on data from "Ptolemy's Canon," with some modification. Although only Babylonian kings are listed, the regnal-years of Sennecherib are thought to be indicated by counting the years from the beginning of Ptolemy's 1st, to the end of his "2nd Interregnums." According to this view, Sennecherib reigned for 24 years, from 704-681 B.C. This is "supported" by G. Smith's "Eponym Canon," which gives the accession of Esarhaddon, in the eponymy of Nabu-ah-eresh, and is dated 681 B.C. Our view is that Ptolemy is incorrect, and the "8 year interregnum," from ...
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