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482 pages of results.
21. Solar Eclipses and the Historical Record [Horus $]
... pages, it will be argued that Astronomy's confidence in celestial stability is not backed by the solar eclipse record. Using the work of the astronomer Robert R. Newton [Ancient Astronomical Observations and The Acceleration of The Earth and Moon, Ancient Planetary Observations and The Validity of Ephemeris Time, Medieval Chronicals and The Rotation of The Earth, The Crime of Claudius ... In an attempt to explain these difficulties, Newton suggests that many of the recorded eclipses were actually predictions, not real observations. Newton adds a rationale that many analysts of Chinese astronomy offer; that eclipse announcements could be fabrications created by opponents of the emperor. Newton has also analyzed some Japanese eclipse records of the 7th Century, A. D., ... backward through several millennia. In these pages, it will be argued that Astronomy's confidence in celestial stability is not backed by the solar eclipse record. Using the work of the astronomer Robert R. Newton [Ancient Astronomical Observations and The Acceleration of The Earth and Moon, Ancient Planetary Observations and The Validity of Ephemeris Time, Medieval Chronicals and The Rotation of ...
22. Venus -- A Youthful Planet [Kronos $]
... system. The violent events that occurred during the several stages that led to its settling down in its present orbit are described in manifold records, ranging all the way from sober astronomical minutes to vivid descriptions by witnesses of the events and to legends and myths. Anyone who has visited Mexico or Guatemala cannot have escaped the omnipresent vestiges of the cult of Quetzalcohuatl ... "looks like fire with smoke" according to Atharva-Veda VI: the Chaldeans described the planet Venus as having "a beard," a technical expression still in use in modern astronomy. (9) The Arabs called Venus Zebbaj, "one with hair," and the Mexicans used for the planet the appellative Tzontemocque, "the mane"; the ... . But see Lynn E. Rose, "Babylonian Observations of Venus," Velikovsky Reconsidered (N.Y., 1976), pp. 73-86. LMG In China, the astronomer Y-hang, in the year 721, related to the Emperor Hiuen-tsong that, according to earlier authorities in the time of Tsin the planet Venus used to move forty degrees to the ...
23. The Saturn Thesis [Aeon Journal $]
... until the archetypes have been fully clarified. It isn't a question as to whether you can determine the Hindu god Indra's planetary association in terms of the few statements in the late astronomical sources, or by trying to connect the god to a planet through peripheral links to other gods or names associated with a planet. At this level everything is debatable and many ... satisfy all of the data to be explained. So I'd like to see a consideration of certain variations in the basic scheme. Robert Bass is a former professor of physics and astronomy and perhaps the most wide-ranging and brilliant fellow I've ever had the pleasure of meeting. Over a period of several months, he looked at aspects of Grubaugh's work and added some ... almost frenzied rush toward civilization was driven by the urge to honor and to relive a remembered celestial drama. This is why the identifications of the gods as planets in the first astronomies is the key. All that is necessary is a willingness to explore possibilities denied by modern scientific theory or, I should say, denied by the suppositions or guesses of conventional ...
24. THE VELIKOVSKY AFFAIR: CHAPTER 4: CUNEIFORM ASTRONOMICAL RECORDS AND CELESTIAL INSTABILITY [Quantavolution Website]
... Quantavolution.Org E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org TABLE OF CONTENTS THE VELIKOVSKY AFFAIR SCIENTISM VERSUS SCIENCE PART FOUR by Livio C. Stecchini CUNEIFORM ASTRONOMICAL RECORDS AND CELESTIAL INSTABILITY To prove that there are ancient records which document that in recent times the earth underwent a cataclysm of extraterrestrial origin which is precisely described and should be taken into account as an empirical datum by those whose ... is to construct astronomical and cosmological theories, I shall quote the opinion of a recognized major authority on Babylonian and biblical astronomy, chronology, and mythology, Father Franz Xavier Kugler (1862-1929). Kugler had a strictly scientific bent of mind. He started his academic career as a university lecturer of chemistry, but, after the death of Joseph Epping ( ... shows us her dark side (being between the Sun and earth like a new moon), so that she is hard to observe even with a telescope. For an amateur astronomer the best time to observe Venus is about a month before and after inferior conjunction, when she appears as a thin crescent. The four satellites of Jupiter per se would be ...
25. Investigating the Mound-Builders' Astronomy [Horus $]
... area and obviously was once a major ceremonial center in the time before Columbus. Atop the central mound, a tall vertical pole was erected to serve as a gnomon to measure astronomical time by the Sun's shadow. A small ceremonial structure stood at the northern edge of the upper level, reached by ascending the wide stairway that began at the southern end of ... From: Horus Vol. 1 No. 3 (Fall 1985) Home¦ Issue Contents Investigating the Mound-Builders' Astronomy F. Glenn Graham Grave Creek Mound; Moudsville, West Virginia Of all the early peoples of North America, none has evoked more curiosity or offered more mystery than the Mound Builders. Scattered up and down the Ohio Valley is a ... , its path appears clearly East to West only one day each half-year even if the measured alignment is not exact. A small error in determining true East-West would still allow ancient astronomers to mark the days of the equinoxes consistently. Not so easy, however, with the solstices! Because the Sun's apparent daily shift in position on the horizon is very slight ...
26. Dating the Hammurabi Dynasty Using the Venus Tablets [SIS C&C Review $]
... . If the recorded data gave a shorter interval, it was attributed to scribal error. At no time was it suggested that some of the anomalies might be arising because the astronomical observations originated at some date other than the accepted solution [7. The idea that they might be due to cosmic catastrophe came later with the publication of Velikovsky's book, Worlds ... period of 21 years. The various surviving copies of this record are known as the Venus Tablets [2. In 1912, Father Francis X Kugler, a German professor of astronomy, pointed out that the phrase inserted between the 8th and 9th years of the sequence, 'Year of the Golden Throne', is the date-formula of the eighth ruler of the ... Worlds in Collision [8. During the inter-war period and later, astronomical calculations had to be carried out manually using tables compiled between 1904 and 1925 by Professor Neugebauer, an astronomer at the Rechen-Institute in Berlin (i.e. The Royal Astronomical Computing Office) [9. These involved a long time-consuming calculation with much trial and error; no one who calculated ...
27. Antiquated Textbooks: Redesigning the Solar System [Aeon Journal $]
... that was slightly less than cold though hardly heated by the Sun's slanting rays which half-illuminated this area for a few days once every Mercurian year. Radar studies conducted at the radio astronomical observatory at Arecibo, in Puerto Rico, led astronomers to scrap most of that misinformation when it was discovered that, after all, Mercury rotates with a period of 56 days ... Earth's magnetic field. Later, of course, scientists were to argue that the Van Allen Radiation Belt is not a magnetosphere. The 1966 revised edition of the Larousse Encyclopedia of Astronomy, on the other hand, had this to say upon the matter: "More recent studies with Explorer and other satellites have made it clear that the belts [still thought ... at first been minimized. Velikovsky's priority claim in correctly predicting the existence of Earth's magnetosphere was ignored. V. Bargmann, a physicist at Princeton University, and Lloyd Motz, astronomer at Columbia University, although disagreeing with Velikovsky and his theories, felt that this was highly unethical. Together they wrote a joint letter to the editor of Science which appeared in ...
28. Megalithic Astronomy and Catastrophism [Pensee]
... to the period concerned.... On the other hand.... the whole remarkable phenomenon of the relatively sudden appearance of standing stone sites --many of them clearly astronomical in function --as a well-defined episode in British pre-history could be neatly explained as the reaction to a natural disturbance in the celestial order... ." PART 1. MEGALITHIC ... From: Pensée Vol. 4 No 5: (Winter 1974-75) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered X" Home¦ Issue Contents Megalithic Astronomy and Catastrophism Euan W. MacKie Dr. MacKie is assistant keeper, Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Scotland. This paper was presented at the McMaster University symposium, "Velikovsky and the Recent History of the Solar ... construction. We need have no doubt therefore that in Britain in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods which are now believed to have been largely contemporary-there were indeed skilled practical astronomers who marked the rising and setting positions of celestial bodies with great accuracy and in such a way that these positions can still be determined. The Moon Observatories The present apparent motions ...
29. The Foundations of the Assyro-Babylonian Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... that they are all dependent on the solar eclipse of 763 BC- and thus they may all be in error [2. Some scholars have demonstrated that, from a purely astronomical point of view, there are a number of alternative solar eclipses to be considered for the eponymy of Pur-Sagale. Professor Robert R. Newton, for example, assuming that the ... of these 325 years. Again, this provides a complete confirmation of Ptolemy's canon for this period. The chart is reproduced from A. Sachs' article, "Babylonian observational astronomy", Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 276; reprinted in F. R. Hodson (ed.), The Place of Astronomy in the Ancient World ... , as should be supposed, in the Assyrian month of Sivan in 763 B.C. And it is so. According to a calculation performed by Mr. P. Lehmann, astronomer at the k. Jahrbuchs Instituts zu Berlin, an almost total solar eclipse took place on June 15, 763 B.C., Julian calendar, for Nineveh and its surroundings, ...
30. The Saturn Problem [SIS C&C Review $]
... 22. Are these descriptions of a brilliant Saturn mere hyperbole, exaggerated wording used by worshippers who were devotees of this particular planet? It seems not. In the driest of astronomical texts from ancient Mesopotamia Saturn is regularly referred to as the planet 'of the Sun'. As the Assyriologist Morris Jastrow Jr noted in 1910: 'Strange though it may seem to ... original 'ruler of the universe' and even as a sun-like object of dazzling splendour. Saturn's importance to the ancients forms the centrepiece of one of the most baffling mysteries of ancient astronomy, history and religion. Within the pantheons or families of deities worshipped by our ancestors, the gods and goddesses of the planets often held the highest positions, ranking even above ... that Saturn is the 'highest' planet, the Roman encyclopaedist Pliny (c. AD 70) added that 'Saturn is naturally cold and frozen' [48. Likewise the Graeco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy (2nd century AD) wrote that 'it is Saturn's quality chiefly to cool and, moderately, to dry, probably because he is furthest removed from both the sun's heat ...
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