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11. On "the Year -687" [Kronos $]
... " and "B.C.", astronomers prefix a plus or minus sign, and they also find it convenient to assume the existence of a year zero. Thus, the astronomical year +687 equals 687 A.D., but -687 is actually 688 B.C. Velikovsky here was referring to the historical year 687 B.C. He employed a number of locutions including ... , 1841 and 1846). 5. Joseph Needham, Science and Civilization in China, Vol. 3 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1959), Section 20, "Astronomy," p. 433. 6. James Legge, The Chinese Classics, Vol. 5, The Ch'un Ts'ëw with the Tso Chuen (Oxford Univ. Press reprint, ... On "the Year -687" Sean Mewhinney* The title of a chapter in Worlds in Collision. Instead of the abbreviations "A.D." and "B.C.", astronomers prefix a plus or minus sign, and they also find it convenient to assume the existence of a year zero. Thus, the astronomical year +687 equals 687 A.D. ...
12. Astronomy and Chronology [Pensee]
... Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) made the earliest attempt to date the Egyptian dynasties of Manetho in his Thesaurus temporum (1606). "Sothic period" calculation, or an astronomical clue to Egyptian chronology, seemed to give promise. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were made no attempts of dating the kings of Egypt. Pritchard's date for Ramses III's ... From: Pensée Vol. 3 No 2: (Spring-Summer 1973) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered IV" Home¦ Issue Contents Astronomy and Chronology Immanuel Velikovsky Copyright 1973 by Immanuel Velikovsky The sources of error in the conventional chronology This paper, first set in type in the early 1950's, will appear as a supplement to Peoples of the Sea. The student ... whose name, according to Theon, was given to the Egyptian era? Theon did not write that Menophres was a king. He may have been a sage, or an astronomer who computed the period, or his name may have been given to the epoch for some other merit. These possibilities are not excluded as long as we have confidence in the ...
13. Perception and Ancient Astronomy [Horus $]
... the development of civilized thought and behavior. In the last issue it was shown how, generalizing from experiments in behavioral science, both human and animal behavior is shaped directly by astronomical cycles and how, by extension, the formalized central importance of astronomy in ancient culture was largely an environmentally pre-determined characteristic. Here, from the perspective of research on human vision ... From: Horus Vol. 2 No. 2 (Summer 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Perception and Ancient Astronomy David Griffard Introduction It is difficult for the average city-dweller to visualize the complexity and beauty of the night sky. Ground-glow from street lights, advertising signs and traffic coupled with pollution-laden air all but blot out the view of external Nature. Only ... and bright stars become visible. Sensitivity continues to increase rapidly during the first half-hour or so; then, at a progressively slower rate over the next several hours. The ancient astronomer who began his work at sun-down would have seen the stars behave as though they were a hierarchy. Because some are brighter than others, specific stars are always the first to ...
14. Krupp And Velikovsky [Kronos $]
... Sagan had been decisively refuted in Velikovsky and Establishment Science.(6) Throughout Worlds in Collision, Velikovsky emphasised Venus' disturbed motion(7) and this was later given astronomical weight by the discovery that Venus rotated retrogradely.(8) Krupp does not mention this nor does he note the unaccountable discrepancy between Venus' retrograde axial period of 243 days ... Since it appears that Thom's work is to be considered the last weapon in the now depleted armoury of Establishment Science, a summary of the present standing of Thom's hypotheses on megalithic astronomy is in order. Ever since the publication of his work in the mid-sixties, Thom's ideas have provoked enormous interest among astronomers and prehistorians alike. This has led, on the ... new salvos at this man's innovation. Now, E. C. Krupp, the Director of the Griffith Observatory-- in one of the chapters of In Search of Ancient Astronomies-- has given it a turn. Krupp's critique mirrors perfectly the general attitude of the establishment towards Velikovsky, where the normal virtues of tolerance, integrity, and competence are ...
15. Interdisciplinary Indiscipline [SIS C&C Review $]
... , around 1972, I read Worlds in Collision [1. In a general way Velikovsky's research was impressive: it was clearly true that ancient authors believed there had been great astronomical catastrophes, and often gave fascinatingly interlocking accounts. Nevertheless, Velikovsky's detailed conclusions- that the planet Venus, as an Earth-grazing super-comet, had caused these disasters- failed to convince ... Head of English at Harton Comprehensive School, South Shields. He has a special interest in ancient science and civilisation and describes himself as an avid collector of books, especially on astronomy and history. Introduction I first encountered 'the Velikovsky Affair' in Alfred de Grazia's book of that title. Much later, around 1972, I read Worlds in Collision [1 ... gem from this Asimov book occurs on p. 192: 'In the sea, gravity is almost nil.' 53. E. C. Krupp: In Search of Ancient Astronomies (Penguin edition, 1984), p. 226. 54. The Stars in Their Courses, op. cit., p. 49 55. Krupp: op. ...
16. Analysis of the Babylonian Observations [Kronos $]
... would be satisfied if we could show that Earth and Venus were on orbits with eccentricities specified within a couple of hundredths and semimajor axes specified within a couple of hundredths of an astronomical unit and perihelia offset specified within a couple of degrees. This is far short of the level of precision that is commonplace in modern astronomy, but it must be remembered that ... are not seeking anything like that level of precision. Indeed, our major immediate goal is simply to determine whether the Ninsianna data do or do not prove that Earth and Venus were on orbits definitely different from their present orbits. Unfortunately, the data are not in such a form that we can proceed directly to such a computation of the orbits. For ... 25, 1950. Edmondson, Frank K. "'Worlds in Collision' Is Blasted", Indianapolis Star, April 9, 1950. Edmondson, Frank K. "A Hoosier Astronomer Calls Velikovsky Book 'Annotated Claptrap' ", Louisville Courier-doumal, April 23, 1950. Hommel, F. "Ur Dynasty Tablets", Assyriologische Bibliothek, XXV (1920) ...
17. Thoth Vol. VII, No 5 July 31, 2003 [Thoth Website]
... are abundant in heavy metals are five times more likely to harbor orbiting planets than are stars deficient in metals," says Fischer, who presented the results Monday at the International Astronomical Union meeting in Sydney, Australia. "If you look at the metal-rich stars, twenty percent have planets. That's stunning." Fischer and Valenti examined the abundances of iron ... modern physics is that the more its theories have achieved, the less its philosophy has been supported by discoveries of how perception and cognition work. (Or maybe, as my astronomy advisor warned me, this just means philosophy is irrelevant.) Reading is the linking of ideas with ocular stimuli. An astronomer looking at the spectrum of a quasar is also ... ideas with ocular stimuli. How does he know the redshifted lines in the spectrum are those of a superluminous object on the frontier of the observable universe? How do I know the words in the textbook that describe the astronomer's linkage of idea and looking are what the quasar is? What assurance does either of us have that the ideas we link with the ...
18. San Francisco, February 25, 1974 [Pensee]
... be difficult to obtain "if the orbital elements or the brightness of Venus had substantially changed between -1560 and -500." Disregarding Rose's paper on the subject, he dismissed "astronomical impossibilities" as "scribal errors," cast aside certain texts because their "observational nature has been doubted," and casually remarked that 15 of the 50 events given in ... that might profitably be made in future symposia. Velikovsky himself ought to become aware that he is not always his own most effective defender. J. DERRAL MULHOLLAND, Professor of Astronomy, University of Texas (Austin): "Movements of Celestial Bodies --Velikovsky's Fatal Flaw." King introduced Mulholland as a "celestial mechanician whose name is almost synonymous with high ... which Huber said had not yet been published, so that the matter could not be pursued. Velikovsky then referred to his discussion of eclipses in a debate with the late Princeton astronomer, John Q. Stewart (Harper's, June, 1951), apparently securing Huber's agreement that he (Velikovsky) had been right in rejecting the three ancient eclipses cited by ...
19. A Re-examination of the Sothic Chronology of Egypt [Kronos $]
... D. Long Reprinted with permission from Orientalia, Vol. 43 (Nova Series- 1974), pp. 261-274. For many years now we have accepted and incorporated the astronomical chronology of Egypt into our histories of the ancient Near East. It is wise, however, to be aware of the potential error in the interpretations and conclusions of the past ... von ein und derselben Person gefuhrt wurde".(7) Sesostris III was chosen because of similarity of hieratic handwriting. Technically, as we shall see, palaeography, not astronomy, is the foundation of this Sothic date. Certain fragmentary pieces of papyri were uncovered in the same temple at Illahun by Borchardt which refer to the death of Sesostris II. ... the era of Menophres and the Medinet Habu calendar. Nevertheless, we cannot be 100% positive that the inscription belongs to Thutmosis III. ERA OF MENOPHRES Theon, an Alexandrian astronomer during the reign of Theodosius the Elder (379-39S), has left what some consider a record of a Sothic cycle. More than the other six Sothic benchmarks, this has ...
20. Towards an astronomical dating of the pyramids [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1996:2 (May 1997) Home¦ Issue Contents Towards an astronomical dating of the pyramids by Michael G. Reade Michael G. Reade DSC has contributed several 'astronomical' articles to SIS publications. His astronomical expertise derives from wartime experience as a Navigating Officer in the Royal Navy (1940-44). Since then ... be called for. Appendix A: Computational methods The changes in the positions of stars due to precession have been computed by Duffett-Smith's 'rigorous method', as set out in Practical Astronomy with your Calculator by Peter Duffett-Smith, 3rd. Edition 1988, Cambridge University Press, pp. 56-59. Several of the stars concerned are known to have an independent motion of ... the position of the Vernal Equinox might have been displaced from their retro-calculated values at the time when the pyramid plan was conceived. This is admittedly a justifiable neglect as no orthodox astronomer would be likely to concede that such displacements are conceivable; followers of the works of Dr. Velikovsky will know otherwise, however. More certainly destructive of their conclusions is their ...
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