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Search results for: assyrian in all categories
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61 pages of results.
41. Deportations in the Neo-Assyrian Empire [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... accompanying both deportations, which, in turn, place the Assyrians in an entirely negative light. How do we escape such propaganda? The only way to achieve an "objective" view of the entire phenomenon Of mass deportation is to study systematically the state and the position of the deportees during and after the mass movements. We must also determine what the aliens' status was in their new homeland and how they participated in the spectrum of life there. But another important question is how did this system of mass deportation affect the Assyrian nation? Were the deportations a perfect solution to the problem of over-extension or did they only cause uncontrollable problems for the Assyrian? And lastly, what was the extent of acculturation assumed by the aliens? Did they lose their identity and slide into the Assyrian melting pot or were they able to maintain their individual cultural heritage? We must utilize Assyrian sources rather than rely solely on non-Assyrian materials which have only led to confusion and highly selective viewpoints. The primary source used are the royal inscriptions. They help us discern information on ...
42. Some Notes on the "Assuruballit Problem" [SIS C&C Review $]
... been suggested already, in the hope of clarifying the problems and suggesting avenues of approach for further research. Gulbekian's proposition that the synchronism between Akhnaton and Assuruballit "securely" places the el-Amarna period in the 14th century rests on three premises:- 1. That the king of Egypt, Naphuria, addressed in one of the letters (EA 16) is Neferkheprure '-wa'enre' Amenhotpe (IV), better known as Akhnaton. 2. That the person who signed himself "Assuruballit, king of Assyria" was Assuruballit I of the Assyrian King Lists, whose reign has been reconstructed by modern historians from inscriptions of that ruler and his successors and the Synchronistic History of Babylonia [4. 3. That the generally accepted chronology of Assyria, and hence that of Mesopotamia in general, has been correctly reconstructed by modern historians from the native records. So, the answer to the "Assuruballit problem", if indeed there is one to be found, must lie in either:- A- Re-identifying one, or both, of the correspondents, or B- ...
43. The Correct Placement of Haremhab in Egyptian History [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. IV No. 3 (Spring 1979) Home¦ Issue Contents The Correct Placement of Haremhab in Egyptian History Immanuel Velikovsky Copyright (c) 1979 by Immanuel Velikovsky Editor's Note: The following material on Haremhab is taken from Velikovsky's forthcoming book The Assyrian Conquest, Vol II of the Ages in Chaos series. The appearance of The Assyrian Conquest will mark the completion of that series. HAREMHAB-- HARMAIS Josephus preserved a story he found in Manetho, the origin of which is in the adventures of Haremhab. The heroes of the story are Sethosis and Harmais, two brothers. Sethosis was the king of Egypt. His name is like that of King Sethos, who, according to Herodotus, went to war against Sennacherib and was saved when a catastrophe destroyed the Assyrian army in a single night. (1) This Sethosis of Manetho, "who possessed an army of cavalry and a strong fleet, made his brother Harmais viceroy of Egypt and conferred upon him all royal prerogatives, except that he enjoined upon him not to wear ...
44. Hittites, Phrygians, and Others [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History V:2 (July 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents INTERACTION Hittites, Phrygians, and Others Phillip Clapham The article, "Hittites and Phrygians" (C&AH IV:2), contains serious misconceptions which I wish to rectify. For instance, the idea of an arbitrary rearrangement of the Assyrian king list is a proposition opposite to the various inscriptions and genealogies of individual Assyrian kings. (1) The middle Assyrian phase (Tukulti Ninurta I, etc.), further, is firmly attached to the Late Bronze Age while the late Assyrian phase (including Shalmaneser III) is assigned to the Iron Age stratum. I had presumed the Late Bronze/Iron boundaries could be moved into the 8th century B.C. where Velikovsky proposed placing his series of Mars interaction disasters. This may prove to be untenable. In that eventuality the kingdom of Urartu (Iron Age) could not have been contemporaneous with the Hittites (Late Bronze), the central point made in the article, but rather came into existence after ...
... late 1880's at Tell el-Amarna in Egypt, lying buried amid a portion of the ruins of ancient Akhet-Aton, the ill-fated capital of the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep IV (Akhnaton). According to Velikovsky's historical reconstruction of the Amarna period, the letters include official correspondence with Egypt from such Biblical figures as Ahab (Rib-Addi), Jehoshaphat (AbdiHiba), Hazael (Azaru), and their contemporaries (ca. 870- 840 B.C.). Within this framework, Velikovsky also correlates various conquests and military exploits of the ninth century Assyrian monarch Shalmaneser III with information contained in the letters. He suggests, moreover, that Shalmaneser himself sent a number of letters to Egypt under the name "Burraburiash [Burnaburiash, king of Karaduniash" (Babylonia), after his occupation of Babylon, which occurred about 850 B.C. in the ninth year of his reign. However, despite the many items of evidence for such ninth century identifications of persons, places, and events in the letters, there remain a number of unresolved difficulties, especially in connection with Babylonia and ...
46. The Two Sargons and Their Successors (Part II) [Aeon Journal $]
... that the Akkadians and the Assyrians were one and the same. They both spoke and wrote the same language. It is not, however, as simple as that. The Akkadians were a Semitic people who adopted the cuneiform script of the Sumerians, or whatever Heinsohn wishes to call them, to express their language in writing. The Assyrians were also Semites, and they continued to express their language in writing through the utilisation of the same cuneiform script. Because the bulk of the first published inscriptions from Mesopotamia were those unearthed in Assyrian localities, their language was, by universal consent, at first called Assyrian. Subsequent studies then revealed that the Assyrians, as also the Babylonians, referred to their language as Akkadian. (1) This has led some authorities to assert that the designation of this language as Babylonian and/or Assyrian "is not exactly correct." (2) While that statement requires further clarification, it does not mean that the Assyrians did not have a language of their own since, in fact, they did. As the ...
47. The Dating of Hammurabi [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... chapter 15. The campaigns of Saul against Moab and Zobah are not described in the Bible, although those of David, his successor, against these people are. Zobah is better pronounced "Tzobah." It is called in the title of Psalm 60, as well as 2 Samuel 10:8, "Aram-Zobah." This name implies that Zobah was a city, state, or kingdom in Aram, ancient Syria. The kings of Zobah supposedly left noinscriptions concerning their accomplishments. [9 The name Zobah occurs in the Assyrian documents of the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. as Subatu, Subutu, or Subiti.[10 Josephus called Zobah Sophene and its king Hadad.[11 The king of Zobah at the time of David was called in the Bible Hadedezer or Hadarezer, the son of Rehob or Rekhob. David's conflicts with Hadadezer are described in 2 Samuel 8, 10, and 1 Chronicles 18-19. If Zimri-Lim belongs to the time of David, it follows that since his father Iahdulim or Iakhdunlim mentions only the Benjamites he must belong to ...
48. Untitled [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... in the 'intermediate Early Bronze-Middle Bronze period" (to use Cardona's term), now commonly called Middle Bronze I, or Early Bronze IV. Immediately at or after this period, a vast army of nomads settled on the site of early Bronze Jericho. There is a complete break in settlement in the land of Israel, in western Palestine. The only other point in the strata where such a discontinuity occurs is at the Late Bronze/Iron interchange, which is identified by Courville, Vaninger and myself as the time of the Assyrian conquest of the northern kingdom. To maintain his "semi-conventional" position on the stratigraphy, Cardona must dismiss this coincidence of the stratigraphical record with the Hebrew literary one as a coincidence. But applying these same fastidious standards to his own interpretation of the literary sources about Saturn, why should we give them any more credence? Occam's Razor cuts both ways. (3) THE CITY OF CLAY TABLET'S The broad consensus of Biblical scholarship maintains that the Hebrew Bible was extensively edited into its final form in the early Persian period. ...
49. Chronological Problems in the Archaeology of the Hittites [SIS C&C Review $]
... Conference Proceedings" Home¦ Issue Contents Saturday afternoon CHAIRMAN: HAROLD TRESMAN Chronological Problems in the Archaeology of the Hittites Peter J. James A revised chronology of the sort proposed by Immanuel Velikovsky's Ages in Chaos, if applied to the history of ancient Anatolia and Syria, might rescue the archaeology of those regions from a series of extreme difficulties which are apparently quite insoluble within the framework of the accepted chronology. Introduction The Hittites were an Anatolian people whose existence, long suspected from the occasional mentions of their name in the Bible and in Assyrian and Egyptian records, received archaeological confirmation in a remarkable series of discoveries made in the late 19th and early 20th centuries [1. Although travellers to Anatolia and Syria in the early 19th century visited and recorded with interest many of the rock-sculptures and monuments still visible, their nature was not correctly understood and they were mistakenly attributed to the Medes, the Persians, the Assyrians, and even to the Egyptians. Then in 1876 A. H. Sayce, in a paper read to the Society of Biblical Archaeology, proposed to ...
50. The Harran Inscription of Nabonidus [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... For some reason, Nabonidus knew that his mother was born in the 20th year of Ashurbanipal. To reckon her age at death, then, he had only to add up the regnal years of the different kings from that time up to his own 9th year. In this way he arrived at 104 years. But in the process of this calculation he (or perhaps his scribe) made a two-year error. Joan Oates was the first to demonstrate how such an error could have been made. Adda-guppi from the beginning was an Assyrian from Harran, first serving under Assyrian kings. When did she move to Babylon? Oates noticed that only the first two kings mentioned, Ashurbanipal and Assur-etillu-ilani, were Assyrian. She also noticed the wording: "until the nth year, not for n years" (Oates, 142). From her birth, Adda-guppi lived under Ashurbanipal "until his 42nd year," and under Assur-etillu-ilani "until his 3rd year." "The obvious conclusion to be drawn," says Oates, "is that the lady Adda-guppi ...
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