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61 pages of results.
31. The Foundations of the Assyro-Babylonian Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... eponymy, usually (but not always) in the first or second year of his reign. From time to time the statement is made that the Eponym Canon is firmly anchored to a solar eclipse that took place according to the Canon in the month of Simanu (= May/June) of the eponymy of Pur-Sagale. Modern astronomers have identified this eclipse with an almost total eclipse that took place on June 15, 763 BC (Julian calendar). But if this identification is in error, it is held, the whole Assyrian chronology would lose its anchor and might be incorrect to a greater or lesser extent. It is even claimed that the chronologies of the other nations of the ancient Near East are fixed to the Assyrian chronology in such a way that they are all dependent on the solar eclipse of 763 BC- and thus they may all be in error [2. Some scholars have demonstrated that, from a purely astronomical point of view, there are a number of alternative solar eclipses to be considered for the eponymy of Pur-Sagale. Professor Robert ...
32. Rejoinder to Dirkzwager [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History XII:2 (July 1990) Home¦ Issue Contents INTERACTION Rejoinder to Dirkzwager Lester J. Mitcham The Interaction section of C&AH, VI:1 contained a brief letter from Arie Dirkzwager entitled, "Expanding the End of Assyrian History." In reference to some calculations he had made some years ago-- actually his unpublished manuscript, "From Piankhy to Nebuchadnezzar-- Some Dates"-- Dr. Dirkzwager offers a date of 703 for the accession of Taharqa, and advises that, as a result, he has to date Psammetichus I and the 26th Dynasty some 13 or 14 years earlier than the orthodox chronology. As noted by Dirkzwager, Taharqa has connections with Assyria. It is, however, the effect on the dating of Egypt's 26th Dynasty that concerns me. Dirkzwager argues that: "Moving Assyrian history of the first half of the 7th century back as described above [see his letter would bring Taharqa better into the frame of biblical chronology and would end discussions concerning one or two Assyrian ...
33. EARLY GLASSMAKING AND CHRONOLOGICAL PUZZLES [Aeon Journal $]
... South, i.e., Babylonia. In between these two periods with very similar ware, "the 'dark age' in the production of glass vessels seems, on the basis of presently available information, to have been particularly long." (87) And, those scholars who don't drop the memory of 3rd millennium glass now have to state "that time lags repeatedly developed." (88) The (second) gap in material evidence is accompanied by a gap in textual evidence. Before this lacuna we have a Middle Assyrian glass terminology of the 13th century. The beginning of this period is dated by Ashur-uballit (" I") who wrote to Amarna. It did not really get off ground, however, until more than half a century later Adad-nirari I in a Cyrus-the-Great style brought together an enormously vast empire not easily sustained in the ancient world of the 13th century B.C.E. Toward the South of Mesopotamia a Kassite or Middle-Babylonian text, "the paleography of [which.. .is not characteristic enough for dating it," (89) ...
34. The Ninsianna tablets, a preliminary reconstruction [SIS C&C Review $]
... between the two conjunctions (in days) with the change in mean longitude of the Sun (in degrees, but note that it is mean and not actual longitude which is required). Basic longitudes of conjunction can only be precisely retro-calculated when the epoch of the Event is known and it has been necessary to repeat the whole process for different epochs until ultimately a self-consistent pattern of variations has again emerged. It has also been necessary to apply two types of retro-calculation to find the longitudes- orthodox Julian retro-calculation and special Babylonian or Assyrian retro-calculation- as it has become apparent in the course of the analysis that a minimum of three different calendars is involved (further discussed below under 'Results'). Figure 1. Observed spin rate of Earth (Babylonian days per Babylonian year, merging into Assyrian days per Assyrian year). Each point on the graph marks the average spin rate between two neighbouring Events; it only represents a stabilised spin rate when three or more Events share a common average (e.g. the actual minimum spin rates reached will be substantially less ...
... From: Kronos Vol. III No. 3 (Spring 1978) Home¦ Issue Contents From the End of the Eighteenth Dynasty to the Time of Ramses II Immanuel Velikovsky Copyright (C) 1978 by Immanuel Velikovsky Editor's Note: The material presented here basically constitutes Chapter I of the original unpublished sequel volume to Ages in Chaos, Volume I. That sequel has since been expanded into additional volumes, covering the Assyrian Conquest and the Dark Age of Greece (forthcoming), Ramses II and His Time (1978), and Peoples of the Sea (1977). The present material has been modified only slightly since it was first written more than thirty years ago. It should be read immediately after Ages in Chaos, Volume I, and before Ramses II and His Time-- see page 95 (Notices) in this issue. WHEN THE HOUSE OF AKHNATON DIED OUT Stormy and unsettled was the period of the eighth and seventh centuries before the present era. The world was in a tumultuous state. Terrifying portents were seen in the sky and were ...
36. Introduction [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... INTRODUCTION In the work of reconstruction of ancient history and replacement of the conventional scheme by a synchronized version, The Assyrian Conquest belongs, in chronological order, after Ages in Chaos: From the Exodus to King Akhnaton, and before Ramses II and His Time and Peoples of the Sea. By offering it to the readers I fill the gap left by publishing the Reconstruction not in the chronological order, and rely on the indulgence of the readers, many of whom urged me to come out with what reaches maturity or a stage satisfactory for presentation. The period of the Theban Dynasty (labeled ? Eighteenth ?) the subject of the first volume of Ages in Chaos was followed by two and a half centuries during which the ancient East lived in the shadow of Assyrian domination. During this period the world experienced repeated outrages of nature, the theme of Part II (" Mars ?) of Worlds in Collision and to a great extent also of Earth in Upheaval, dedicated to the evidence from the domain of the natural sciences. The Assyrian military state thrust ...
37. Esarhaddon?s Reconquest of Egypt [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... a panic. Thereafter, ? in the tenth year, the troops of Assyria went to Egypt.? (8) Esarhaddon marched along the military road running across Syria and along the coast of Palestine. He conquered Sidon and ? tore up and cast into the sea its walls and its foundations.? This ancient Phoenician city was situated on a promontory jutting into the sea. Its king Abdimilkute tried to escape on a boat, but was ? pulled out of the sea, like a fish.? (9) The Assyrian king cut off the head of this Sidonian king and sent off to Assyria a rich booty, to wit: ? gold, silver, precious stones, elephant hides, ivory, maple and boxwood, garments of brightly colored wool and linen.? (10) He took away the king ? s wife, his children, and his courtiers: His people from far and near, which were countless... I deported to Assyria.? (11) Following the fall of Sidon, he ? called up the ...
38. The Search for Sethos [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... subsequent paper the identity of the Egyptian king whom Herodotus calls Sethos. The projected paper was referred to there (in n. 132) as 'Sennacherib, Sethos and the Year 701', my intention being to discuss in a single paper the date of the campaign against Jerusalem in which the army of Sennacherib was dramatically destroyed (11 Kings 19:35-36), and the identity of Sethos, under whom Egypt, like Jerusalem, was threatened by Sennacherib, and was also unexpectedly saved from defeat by the sudden humiliation of the Assyrian host. Since then, two events have occurred which have led me to adapt my original intention. The first of these was the publication in WORKSHOP 5:1, pp.19-21, of the paper by Peter van der Veen, 'Sethosis: the Seti II from the Kinglists?'. In the context of a reply to Phillip Clapham (WORKSHOP 4:3, p.2ff), Mr van der Veen anticipated my own arguments in several respects, drawing attention to parallels between the exploits of Sethosis, as described by Josephus, ...
39. The Pyramid Age, by Emmet J Sweeney (Review) [SIS C&C Review $]
... has been a contributor to SIS publications since 1986, and this is the third book he has had published. The second, The Genesis of Israel and Egypt, came out in 1997. To have had three books published is a tremendous achievement for which he deserves much credit. This is a tribute to his tireless energy and enthusiasm for his chosen subject. His second book focussed mainly on the Sojourn and Exodus eras but closed with a reference to a further work dealing with the ages of the pyramid builders and the time of Assyrian control in Egypt. These subjects are the central themes discussed in The Pyramid Age. As a sequel, this presents a further development of his own very radical historical revision. For those who are not familiar with it, here is a brief outline. He builds upon the work of Velikovsky and Heinsohn and places the emergence of 'civilisation' as following a catastrophe caused by extraterrestrial origin. Whilst Velikovsky's first catastrophe is dated around 2200BC, his is dated some 1000 years later. He has the epochs of Abraham, founding father ...
40. Assyrians, Sodom, and Red Herrings [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... is a pleasure to see Catastrophism and Ancient History retain the proud position it has enjoyed over the past five years as the world's leading forum for the revision of ancient history. I particularly appreciate Arie Dirkzwager's two contributions (Vol. IX:1). Just as he paid handsome tribute to my reconstruction model outlined in "Scarab in the Dust" (Vol. VII: 2) and "The Libyans in Egypt" (Vol. VIII: 1), so I believe his work on "stretching" the end of Assyrian history, in harmony with the earlier dating for Tiglath-pileser III (c. 794 B.C.), gives us a crucial key to unraveling this final, puzzling problem. I will suggest here that I am in agreement with Emmet Sweeney's view that Tiglath-pileser "I" was a "ghost" of Tiglath-pileser III-- a conclusion Dirkzwager also appears to embrace tentatively. The two keys, in my opinion, to the solution of Assyrian chronology are establishing that the three different king lists were not sequential, but simultaneous, or ...
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