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Search results for: assyrian in all categories
601 results found.
61 pages of results.
91. Forum [SIS C&C Review $]
... tribes migrated in search of pastures when their marginal lands became dry and bare. A feature of mid to late Dynasty XX was the encroachment on the Delta and Nile valley by tribesmen from Libya and bedouin from the eastern Highlands. Large tracts of lower Nubia were abandoned and upper Nubia developed in isolation, emerging from the African interior as the climate changed in the 9th and 8th centuries BC and forming Dynasty XXV. In Syria-Palestine and the mid Euphrates valley system the pastoral tribes took the generic name of the Arameans. They overwhelmed the Assyrian empire and the former Mitanni heartland on the Habur river and its tributaries and threatened to spill into Cisjordan. They were the bane of Saul and David and the Bible, I suggest, preserves a tradition that belongs to a single specific period of history: early Iron Age. This is defined by Dynasty XX on one hand and the reigns of Tiglath Pileser I and Ashur bel Kala on the other. It is reasonable to suppose that Judah was colonised from the northern Negev at the same time and eventually these pastoral tribes adopted ...
92. On the Foundations of the Assyro-Babylonian Chronology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... may be mistaken in both respects. Not every astronomer has agreed that the eclipse of that date was visible in Assyria, e.g. O. Neugebauer. Therefore, there is at least some doubt as to whether the chronicle mentions an eclipse. It is at least strange that this particular partial eclipse should be mentioned, and no full eclipse should be mentioned, thus the event may not have been an eclipse. If it was not, however, Carl Jonsson would apparently not be at all put out, because he thinks that Assyrian chronology would be just as sound if it had not been mentioned. Thus it is, according to him, only a nice additional bonus for helping to determine chronology, though he admits the more usual view is that this identification is of prime importance in establishing Assyrian chronology. It is true that Claudius Ptolemy assigned 14 regnal years to Nabonassar (Nabu-nasir) but it is not true to say that either of the Babylonian chronicles certainly did so. Jonsson admits this as far as Chronicle B is concerned, and hence the figure ...
93. Ages in Chaos versus the 'New Chronologies' of Rohl and James [SIS C&C Review $]
... That is a pity as the 9 th century BC embraces the age of Elijah and Elisha, two perplexing characters of the Bible associated with fiery coals, 'wheels within wheels' spiralling downwards from the sky and a great draught of hot air that sucked Elijah into eternity. This was followed by 'a great tribulation' and, whatever it was, it made Mesha, king of Moab on the other side of the Jordan river, sacrifice his son in abject fear of what his god Chemosh was about to unleash. At this moment Assyrian empire created by Shalmaneser III fell to pieces and there was rebellion and food riots in the city of Ashur. In Israel, Jehu bloodily usurped the throne and murdered Jezebel and all the children of the House of Omri- over 70 people. What had happened to call for such drastic actions? Why was it thought that Yahweh, the god of Israel, demanded the lives of the royal family? The link with the Phoenician royal house had probably been made under the aegis of a revived Egyptian empire in Palestine- and ...
94. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... but the text uses feminine constructions. There are some crude Iron Age inscriptions from the Negev site of Kuntillet Ajrud which are generally interpreted as associating Yahweh with a female deity; this may offer another potential derivation. The temple complex in which the stone inscription was found includes the temple itself, with a 15m long eight columned hall and store rooms along the sides, and a large courtyard surrounded by porticos. The temple is part of Strata IC-IB, dated by the authors to the 7th century BC and thought to include the later Assyrian occupation and a succeeding phase of Egyptian domination following Assyrian withdrawal in the late 7th century, and ending with total destruction by Nebuchadnezzar in 603 BC. On a reduced chronology this stratum might be dated to the Persian period, thus requiring the inscription to date from an earlier stratum than IC, which brings us to the all important question of the position of the inscribed limestone block. It was found upside down close to the rear (i.e. innermost) wall of the temple and the authors 'strongly suggest' that it had ...
95. Support for Heinsohn's Chronology is Misplaced [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... between the MAR.TU= Persians and the Biblical Amorites. However, that does not tell us how Heinsohn sees the position. 3. Akkadians as (neo-)Assyrians Regarding Heinsohn's Akkadians= Assyrians, Akkad in all the ancient chronicles and royal inscriptions refers not to Assyria but to a region of, or to the entire kingdom of, Babylonia. The southern Mesopotamian cities of Sippar and Babylon were within the 'region of Akkad'. If one looks at some of the Chronicles of the Chaldaean kings one finds that: "the Assyrian army came down to Akkad" "the Egyptian army and the Assyrian army marched after the king of Akkad" "the king of Akkad marched up the bank of the Tigris and encamped... against Assur.... The Assyrian king called out his troops and the king of Akkad moved away from Assur" [8. It is perfectly clear in all of these contexts that the king of Akkad is the Babylonian (Nabopolassar). The Akitu Chronicle, which covers the years 689-626, refers to: " ...
96. Heinsohn's Ancient "History" [Aeon Journal $]
... ..take their name." [25 Heinsohn elsewhere states that "the word Martu is translated as 'Perseus'." [26 When I first heard Heinsohn make this claim a decade ago, I knew it to be most unlikely since "Martu" is a Sumerian word, while "Perseus" is Indo-European, there being no apparent or even likely connection between these two languages. [27 Yet I had never had a chance to track down Heinsohn's reference until recently. As support for his "translation," Heinsohn cites The Assyrian Dictionary, the definitive source on the language in question. The listing under "Amurru"-- the Akkadian rendering of "Martu"-- gives "west" as the primary meaning of this word. As is well-known, most scholars believe that the Sumerian word "Martu" originally had reference to a Semitic people who originated from Syria, literally to the west of Sumer. As a third meaning, however, the dictionary lists MUL.MAR.TU, interpreted as "Perseus (literally: west star)." [28 ...
97. Haremhab?s Great Edict [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Only high treason, directed agaist the person of the king, was punishable by death. Although kings had themselves portrayed as killing prisoners of war, the maiming of Egyptian prisoners by disfiguring their faces is so uncharacteristic of the Egyptian idea of justice that some scholars have looked for a foreign influence to explain the introduction of these practices in the time of Haremhab. (10) Punishments reminiscent of those mentioned in Haremhab ? s Decree beatings, cutting-off of ears, nose, lips, and pulling out of the hair are prescribed in Assyrian law codes of the second millennium. There are no Assyrian law codes extant from the time of Sennacherib but clearly, there was a tradition and practice of harsh punishments in Assyria. Its introduction into Egypt, however, was only possible at the time that Egypt fell under direct Assyrian domination, and his occurred for the first time in the days of Sennacherib. The Edict confirms what we have already deduced from the study of the Memphite tomb of Haremhab and of his coronation text: the pharaoh was an appointee of his Assyrian ...
98. The Road to Iron: 8th and 7th Century Metallurgy and the Decline of Egyptian Power [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the Hittite Empire, in the 8th century B.C.-- the time of Kings Jeroboam II of Israel and Uzziah of Judah. This was also the time of Jonah, Hosea, and Amos-- first of the literary prophets-- and of the rise of Assyria to world power. John Bimson, in his revised stratigraphy, which underlies the Glasgow Chronology, dates the crucial transitional period from Late Bronze to the Early Iron Age in Palestine to c. 733-700 B.C. 1-- the very time of the great Assyrian conquests and of the climax of Mars catastrophes according to Velikovsky's Worlds in Collission model. 2 The significance of the terms "Iron Age" and "Bronze Age," as Velikovsky rightly emphasizes in his essay on the subject, 3 reflects the extent to which these metals are found in the archaeological strata. "Various objects wrought of iron were discovered in the Egypt of the Old Kingdom." However, "The question remains, why did iron extracted from ore not come into general use if the smelting process was known ...
99. Queen Tworse [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... a tomb separate from that of her husband, and of her being pictured there with another king whose name was subsequently replaced with that of her husband Sethos, can be sought in the legend about the three brothers. Ramses Siptah appears to correspond to Ramses of the legend, and to have died at the hands of Sethos. When Sethos killed his brother Ramses Siptah, he did not replace him yet on the throne of Egypt; his action was in the nature of a guerrilla assassination, he being an insurgent leader opposing the Assyrian domination of his country. At some period of her career Twosre claimed the title of Pharaoh, not just royal wife or queen. All points to the time immediately following the assassination of her husband, Ramses Siptah. At the death of her husband she was pregnant and Bey, the Assyrian plenipotentiary, set to pronounce her issue as the occupant of the throne upon birth, would not leave the pharaoh ? s seat vacant in the interim. This Bey, who was not of Egyptian origin, but possibly ? a Syrian ...
100. The Conquest of Ashdod [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... The Conquest of Ashdod With Samaria ? s fall, the last stronghold of opposition to Assyria was extirpated; not only did Egypt lose all of its remaining influence in Asia its last Libyan rulers were themselves compelled to submit to Assyrian overlordship. By Sargon ? s seventh year ? Pir ? u the king of Musru ? (Pharaoh, king of Egypt) is listed among those sending tribute to Assyria. Later in the same year a certain Yamani (1) seized power in Ashdod, an independent principality next to Judah on the coast; trying to organize and anti-Assyrian league and to enroll the help of Egypt, he, as Sargon recounts in his annals, ? sent bribes to Pir ? u king of Musru, a potentate incapable to save him and asked him to be an ally.? The rebellious prince tried also to involve Judah (Ia-u-di) in the conspiracy: but Hezekiah, probably at Isaiah ? s urging, refused to risk the nation ? s fate on so doubtful a venture. Informed of Yamani ? s revolt, Sargon gathered ...
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