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1660 results found.
166 pages of results.
81. A Brief Response to Marvin Luckerman [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... and it is therefore from LBA levels that the bulk of true Hyksos scarabs must be expected. Mr. Luckerman also raises the criticism that I do not assign a sufficiently long archaeological period to the time of the Judges. I believe my alignment of the archaeological and biblical periods to be fully supported by the evidence available, but since Mr. Luckerman defers ... between Dr. Bimson and myself are a healthy thing. It also helps to elucidate the problems. I think now it is emphasized that there must be represented in Holy Land Archaeology a place for the destruction of the Exodus. It is also emphasized that MB II C is at least part of the Hyksos Period. We also disagree about matters in the ... the Iron Age, however, that our real differences lie. I do not believe that the Iron Age follows the Late Bronze Age, as is now accepted by the conventional archaeologists. It seems impossible to me that the Late Bronze Age exclusively covers the period of Judges and the United Monarchy and early Divided Kingdom. I agree that they do so, ...
82. The Timna Test [Aeon Journal $]
... the more likely sources for an objection to the above claim of a fourth century B.C. niche for Ramesses III and Dynasty XX will stem from the perceived results of the excellent archaeological research projects carried out by Rothenberg in the Wadi Arabah under the auspices of the Department of Archaeology, Tel-Aviv University. Whilst, for some years, firm dates for the copper ... and smelting activities in the eastern Sinai, and the Arabah in particular, were hard to pin down, final proof was deemed as sealed by the discovery of an unmistakably Egyptian Temple in 1969. The sensational aspect of Rothenberg's research pivoted on findings and conclusions highly detrimental to the historic claims of ancient Israel, particularly the impact of Solomon's United Kingdom in the ... fibre of their being that Beno Rothenberg and Yohanan Aharoni were wrong, but just couldn't prove it-- and they didn't know why! The combined field experience of these exemplary archaeologists, both individually and collectively, shrieked protest that their life's work in Biblical history had been found wanting to an extraordinary degree. They knew from myriad secondary evidences that the Negev ...
83. Site Stratification: is it a Sound Methodology? [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... , I also suggested that there are other fundamental methodological errors that have caused chronological distortions. Specifically, I questioned the twin concepts, so central to the 'relative dating' of archaeological sites, of a bronze/iron age progression in civilizations and site stratification [2. Regarding 'site stratification', I argued that it is difficult to believe that the ancients ... order. I cited numerous Assyrian inscriptions that demonstrated that it was customary to remove dirt and rubble down to the foundations before rebuilding. Despite common sense and contrary inscriptions, modern archaeology nevertheless postulates that the ancients regularly built over earlier ruins to explain the supposed 'layers' identified at various digs. The concept of site stratification is regularly employed not only by conventional ... and chronologists, but by those who have offered alternative chronologies in this journal or other non-conventional journals such as Catastrophism and Ancient History. While the conventional and less conventional scholars may differ in their conclusions, they all tend to analyze sites, especially non-Egyptian sites, in terms of subdivisions of bronze and iron ages- even though they may differ on the dating ...
84. Untitled [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... ." In the context of Numbers, Deuteronomy and Joshua, they all had well-attested homelands and therefore were not forced to settle atop the ruins of anything. The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land (EAEHL) 1976, Israel Exploration Society, notes: 'The end of Early Bronze Jericho was sudden. A final stage of the town wall, ... is already IN the mountains, as Mr. Cardona maintains, why does the Genesis text say he fled TO them? Mr. Cardona's argument, citing Hershel Shanks of Biblical Archaeology Review, that the south end of the Dead Sea could not have contained cities at any time from 3000 B.C. onwards is also tendentious, dishonest and misleading. Mr. ... Sweeney has pointed out to Heinsohn in correspondence. The nomenclature of the Bronze and Iron Ages is different in Mesopotamia and in Syria and Palestine to the west. The names local archaeologists use for the respective periods refers to the level of technological development they early on found in the strata. Thus, when it is Iron Age in Palestine, it may yet ...
85. Heinsohn's Ancient "History" [Aeon Journal $]
... associated with the "Old Babylonian" period are found directly beneath the Greek levels, thereby supporting his identification of Hammurabi's period with that of Darius and the Persians, since the archaeological remains of the latter would naturally be sought for immediately before the arrival of Alexander the Great. It is worth noting that even were this claim true-- it is false ... to note that the walls of the Persian palace were decorated with glazed bricks depicting Artaxerxes II's army. As is well-known, one of the most spectacular finds in all of modern archaeology was the excavation of Nebuchadnezzar's palace, the walls of which were distinguished by its exquisite glazed-brickwork. Yet as Haerinck observes, the brickwork of Artaxerxes II, while influenced by that ... period suggests that something is seriously amiss with Whelton and Heinsohn's understanding of ancient stratigraphy. As is well-known, the palace of Hammurabi has yet to be found. [73 Most archaeologists attribute this to the fact that the vast majority of Old Babylonian remains lie buried beneath the current water level: "Unfortunately, we know virtually nothing of Hammurapi's Babylon. Houses ...
86. Radiocarbon Dating and Egyptian Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... how much time had elapsed since the death of the plant or animal concerned. That leads us on to several rather important points. The first one is really rather a specialised archaeological point, but I must mention it because it has a bearing on the nature of the dated samples from Egypt which I shall discuss later. This is that the fact of ... of C14 Archaeometry", Pensée IVR IV (Spring/Summer, 1973), pp. 33-37. 3. "A symposium on the impact of the natural sciences on archaeology", Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, A, 269 (17th Dec.1970). 4. The entries concerned can be found by looking up the laboratory ... period of time in the past. How long elapsed between that death and the incorporation of the sample in an archaeological context is, of course, another matter entirely, and archaeologists depend on deductions made from the stratigraphy of the sites concerned to estimate how closely the death of the sample relates to the archaeological deposit (see Panel A). This is ...
87. The Greek Colonisation Movement - When and Why? [SIS C&C Review $]
... effect such a reduction in the chronology would have on the causes of Greek expansion in the Mediterranean. At the same time I will endeavour to give a brief summary of the archaeological evidence for continuity of occupation between the Bronze and Iron Age stratigraphy found at the principal colonisation sites under discussion. This will hopefully show that there are good reasons to suggest that ... parts of the Greek world seem to have suffered from the eighth century onwards from overpopulation, attested to indirectly by the considerable increase in the size and numbers of settlements revealed by archaeology." [1 In this statement from Austin and Vidal-Naquet we have the major explanation as to why the Greeks decided to settle on foreign shores in the 8th to 6th centuries ... problems occur all around the Western Mediterranean for which there is insufficient space here to give any detail. They can best be summarised by a single example of the sort of difficulty archaeologists have found themselves in when using the high chronology as a means of dating artefacts from the region. Quoting the British Museum report on the analysis of material from the Santa Maria ...
88. Metallurgy and Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... [* London: Harrap, 1978: 496 pp., 32 colour plates, 31 maps, over 400 figs.; £40.00. Part III, which discusses the archaeological evidence for the trading of minerals and metals and the spread of glazing and metallurgical skills, will probably cause the book to be promptly whisked off the departmental shelves, and ceremonially ... , John Dayton's Minerals, Metals, Glazing and Man* (or "Who Was Sesostris I?") deserves to grace departmental libraries in a number of fields, including archaeology, art history, geology, chemistry and metallurgy. Beautifully produced and copiously illustrated, it satisfies an urgent need- mainly on the part of archaeologists- for a comprehensive work ... reference on a number of important and interrelated topics. Its main themes- the composition of ancient glazes and pigments, techniques of application, the provenance and geology of the metals (excluding iron) used in antiquity, mining, smelting and casting- are lucidly explained and illustrated with numerous maps, charts and tables of chemical analyses. [* London: ...
89. A Test of Time: Volume I the Bible - From Myth to History by David M. Rohl [SIS C&C Review $]
... Chronology and Catastrophism Review, I reviewed Centuries of Darkness, in which Peter James, in collaboration with Nick Thorpe, Nikos Kokkinos, Robert Morkot and John Frankish, examined the archaeological record of Western Asia, the Mediterranean basin and prehistoric Europe in the Late Bronze and early Iron Ages and concluded that the 'Dark Age', which a majority of archaeologists and ... Old World as a whole, from the Western Mediterranean to as far east as Iran. A Test of Time is a further contribution to the continuing debate about World history, archaeology and chronology in the second and first millennia, whose publication last autumn was accompanied by a three part television series on Channel 4. There are a number of points of difference ... the archaeological record of Western Asia, the Mediterranean basin and prehistoric Europe in the Late Bronze and early Iron Ages and concluded that the 'Dark Age', which a majority of archaeologists and ancient historians had identified between the early 12th and late 8th centuries BC, did not in fact exist. They argued convincingly that it was a false construct, arising from ...
90. Anchors Aweig [Kronos $]
... 1786 BC for the end of the XIIth Dynasty has been calculated. A few years ago it might have sounded over-optimistic to suggest that the British journal Antiquity, stronghold of conventional archaeological thinking, would publish an article by an eminent Near Eastern archaeologist recommending the abandonment of the precious Sothic date 1872 BC. But such is the argument of an article entitled " ... and Near Eastern Chronology: a dilemma?" (Antiquity 53, March 1979, pp. 6-18), by James Mellaart. (Dr. Mellaart lectures in Anatolian archaeology at the London University Institute of Archaeology, and is best known for his excavation of the Neolithic site of Catal Hüyük.) In developing the arguments for higher dates for Early and ... the entire Middle East" Readers of KRONOS and the SIS Review will already be familiar with this quotation from the eminent Egyptologist Sir Alan Gardiner, typifying the dilemma of Near Eastern archaeologists over Sothic dating.(1) Despite the manifest weaknesses of the Sothic dating theory, and although it is exceedingly difficult to find an Egyptologist who will actually defend it, ...
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