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Search results for: archaeolog* in all categories

1660 results found.

166 pages of results.
... that some hitherto neglected evidence will suffice to reopen the case for historical catastrophe. A NEW APPROACH There are two kinds of evidence which could create a case for historical catastrophe: archaeological and literary. To judge from the writings of the majority of the world's top men in the field of archaeology, there is no case. It can be objected, however ... that this verdict is negative only by presumption, since most archaeologists have not been aware of the possibility of catastrophes on a global scale when conducting their excavations and in compiling their reports. This objection is significant because there was a notable dissenter among the elite of archaeology in the person of the late Claude Schaeffer, who was best known as the excavator of ... catastrophes in shaping the geological history of Earth, such ideas are being debated and would appear to be gaining acceptance. By way of contrast, the reaction of most scientists and archaeologists to the idea that global catastrophes may have shaped Earth's more recent past- in particular, during historical times- has been one of outright rejection. A few daring souls have ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1030  -  05 Mar 2003  -  52k  -  URL:
... has a longstanding active interest in ancient history, particularly that of America. He has concentrated specifically on the Maya civilisation and has travelled extensively in the Maya region. Apart purely archaeological and anthropological studies of ancient America, he has also investigated possible pre-Columbian contact between the Old and New Worlds and has written papers and articles on this. He recently delivered a ... and have a deeper meaning than merely some form of tilery or pottery 'logo'? Old European Linear In two books [21, 22, Marija Gimbutas, professor of European archaeology at UCLA, presented the results of her research into symbolic artefacts from the earliest Neolithic village sites in Europe (c. 7000-3500BC). The purpose of the first book was ... around 1350AD. Although preliminary excavations, clearing projects and mapping surveys were made by Desire Charnay (1888), Blom& LaFarge (1925), Ekholm (1956-7) and archaeologists from the Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e History de Mexico (INAH) (1960), the first extensive mapping and architectural survey of the site was conducted in 1966 by a ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1030  -  05 Mar 2003  -  55k  -  URL:
113. Focus [SIS C&C Review $]
... a recent issue of Antiquity (reviewed by GAMMON and JAMES in "Anchors Aweigh", SISR IV:1. pp. 2-3) has met with a cool reception in archaeological circles. Mellaart, in an attempt to reconcile the archaeological dates for the Early and Middle Bronze Ages with the tree-ring-calibrated C14 results, had suggested raising the former by up to ... radiocarbon dates for the Palestinian Early Bronze Age, Mellaart had relied on an article by JOSEPH CALLAWAY and JAMES WEINSTEIN [1. The latter, visiting assistant professor of Near Eastern Archaeology at Cornell University, has published a response in the March 1980 issue of Antiquity (pp. 21-24, "Palestinian radiocarbon dating: a reply to Mellaart") expressing " ... generally accepted chronology of the ancient Near East for the period of the Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 BC on conventional dating) was erroneous. He had several general criticisms of archaeologists. First, most of them had a "frontier complex" which made them reluctant to look beyond their own, sometimes very narrow, specialist fields. Secondly, while there ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1030  -  05 Mar 2003  -  35k  -  URL:
114. Bouquets and Brickbats: A Reply to Martin Sieff [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... end of EB III, should have remained in ruins during the Middle Bronze until rebuilt in the Late Bronze, during the reign of Ahab of Israel. Contrary to this, archaeological evidence indicates a major occupation during the Middle Bronze with very few remains from the Late Bronze. 15 The above prompted Sieff to write that "Cardona should read his Bible more ... criticizing Salibi only "so that he can then pose as [Israel's 'defender'"-- while denying "all its literary sources anyway"-- and that "biblical archaeology" does not need Heinsohn's "defense." 85 There were other unsavory innuendoes but I will let them pass. In fact, Sieff's critique of Heinsohn was so shocking it ... 36. P. Matthiae in H. La Pay, op.cit., 759. 37. W.C. van Hattem, "Once Again: Sodom and Gomorrah." Biblical Archaeologist, 44 (1981), 87-92. 38. D.M. Howard, Jr., "Sodom and Gomorrah Revisited." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, December 1984 ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1030  -  05 Mar 2003  -  68k  -  URL:
115. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... end of EB III provided by the sites themselves, and she fails to look for a cause for this climatic change. One plus point for the article is her realisation that archaeological and calibrated radiocarbon dates give conflicting results: acceptance of the calibrated 14 C dates would mean postulating a (non-real) 400-years gap between the end of EB III and the beginning ... too much to ask? Radiocarbon Anomalies source: Nature 29.10.81, p. 700 Robert Hedges reported for Nature an account of the First International Symposium on Carbon-14[ 14 C and Archaeology, held in Groningen 24-28th August 1981. He gave a lucid account of the uses, limitations and drawbacks of the application of 14 C dating. Notably, despite the widespread ... of 14 C dates "... material is often submitted for dating in the spirit of adding a scientific precision to the archaeologists' pre-existing beliefs". Of the materials submitted for dating "charcoal and bone are by far the most common and both are subject to various forms of contamination". Note that word "contamination". It is a ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1026  -  05 Mar 2003  -  57k  -  URL:
... , and mythologists, all at the same symposium. The young, but rapidly developing field of archaeo-astronomy (astro-archaeology) offers an example of genuine interdisciplinary synthesis: certain historical and archaeological data become, at the same time, astronomical data. Indeed, this disciplinary merger seems now to hold out the most immediate and substantial hope for resolution of the vexing questions ... by mythologists Vine Deloria, Jr. and Dr. William Mullen during the session on "Myth and History." Mullen presented a compelling case for the total reassessment of Mesoamerican archaeology and folklore in light of Velikovskian catastrophism, while Deloria defended the arresting thesis that, rather than representing some "transcendent" or verbal reality only, "the ancient sources and ... other than a "normal," local conflagration. When asked whether the ash is organic or volcanic in origin, De Grazia replied: "We don't really know. The archaeologists try to get through it as quickly as possible so as to find the pretty pots." De Grazia's suggestion was that a systematic analysis of ash layers at archaeological sites and ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1026  -  05 Mar 2003  -  43k  -  URL:
... , still less a pharaoh: the purpose of mummification was to prolong the sepulchral life of the deceased. As the tombs built for the nobles are among the main sources of archaeological finds of metals in Egypt, the rare occurrence of iron smelted from ore can be explained to some extent by its deliberate omission in the choice of objects for the funeral chambers ... Pensée Vol. 3 No 3: (Fall 1973) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered V" Home¦ Issue Contents Metallurgy and Chronology Immanuel Velikovsky Shortcomings of the metallurgical approach to comparative archaeology This paper, first set in type in the early 1950's, will appear as a supplement to Ramses II and His Time. I. BRONZE AND IRON In the thirties of ... had none (3). Because of these conditions objects of metal were scarce in the hills occupied by the Israelite tribes, and not many of them have been left for archaeologists to find. In the Shefala (the coast) of the Philistines iron, left unprotected, rusts away in a few years, and only under especially favorable conditions would it ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1026  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
118. "The Scandal of Enkomi" [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... against Murray ? s work, ? so full of suggested chronological deductions and if its authors [i.e., A. S. Murray and his collaborators will pardon the expression archaeological insinuations, all pointing in the same direction,? namely, ? a chronology which brings the pure Mycenaean style down to the Age of the Tyrants ? of the eighth century ... length of time. On Cyprus, Aegean culture came into contact with the cultures of the Orient, particularly with that of Egypt, and unavoidably embarrassing situations were in store for archaeology. In 1896 the British Museum conducted excavations at the village of Enkomi, the site of an ancient capital of Cyprus, not far from Famagusta, with A. S. ... it possible that the Mycenae and Enkomi vases are seven or eight centuries older?? Analyzing the workmanship and design of sphinxes or grifins with human forelegs on the vase, the archaeologist stressed ? its relationship, on the one hand, to the fragmentary vase of Tell el-Amarna (see Petrie, Tell el-Amarna, Plate 27) and a fragment of fresco from ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1026  -  31 Aug 2000  -  33k  -  URL:
119. The Chronology of the Late Kings of Egypt [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... that it was Ai. 32 We are now asked to believe that the Joshua story has reference to a small unwalled area of a much later date! 33 Evidence from the Archaeology of Shechem The remains of a massive structure was found on the site of Shechem. Its walls were 17 feet thick at the foundation. There was much disagreement among the investigators ... By the conventional chronology, there was no other king in the era who could conceivably have accomplished such an invasion of Palestine from one end of the territory to the other. Archaeologists and Historians Reject Velikovsky's Revision Archaeologists and historians summarily rejected Velikovsky's alteration in the chronology of Egypt. This construction had been regarded for a number of decades as having been 'established' ... Oriental Research, No. 161, p 13. 39. Campbell, F. and Ross, James, 1963. The excavation of Shechem and the biblical tradition, Biblical Archaeologist, XXVI, p. 3. 40. Wright, G.E., 1957. Cp. Ref. 39, p. 32. 41. Campbell and Ross, ibid ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1026  -  05 Mar 2003  -  44k  -  URL:
... historians have to rely on Greek and Roman versions of the story of the foundation of Carthage. These versions disagree, however, not only with each other, but also with archaeological data."(24) At present, a date of 814 B.`C. for the founding of Carthage is the most widely accepted, though this acceptance appears ... , it should be recalled, dated her history from the founding of the council of Archons. The reason for the preference of 814 B. C. from Timaeus is that archaeology has so far found nothing in the region of Carthage it feels free to date earlier than the middle of the eighth century. As an example, German erudition dates all artifacts ... reference to Ugarit in this letter should help us to date it, owing to the fact that we have more records about that city than any other reported on by Abimilki. Archaeologists have noted a strong influence of Cypriot industry and art on Ugarit; in turn, Cyprus, the island of Aphrodite, owed her handicraft riches and beauties to the colonial energy ...
Terms matched: 4  -  Score: 1022  -  05 Mar 2003  -  35k  -  URL:
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