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1682 results found.
169 pages of results.
1. Egyptian Chronology - The Multiple Name Factor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1995 No 2 (June 1995) Home¦ Issue Contents Egyptian Chronology- The Multiple Name Factor by Jesse E. Lasken I believe that the Egyptian chronology requires radical revision and that scientific and objective evaluation of the evidence demands revised datings of much material now associated with the 'New Kingdom' to the time of the Ptolemies. Some of this evidence has been discussed in C&C Workshop and C&C Review, Volume 5 of JACF, Volume 22 of the Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers, and Volume 17 of Discussions in Egyptology. Since the length of time now thought to be occupied by 'Dynasties 18-20' of the 'New Kingdom' is several centuries longer than the Ptolemaic period and since the number of persons claimed to have ruled Egypt during the 'New Kingdom' is considerably higher than the number of Ptolemaic rulers, it logically follows, if my basic conclusions are correct, that something is amiss with the internal 'New Kingdom' chronology or with our understanding of Ptolemaic history. However the literary sources and historical records from ...
2. Egyptian Language Anomalies [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1994 No 2 (Dec 1994) Home¦ Issue Contents Egyptian Language Anomalies by Jesse E. Lasken Introduction Conventional and 'New' chronologists agree that thirty dynasties ruled Egypt for around 3,000 years. They divide Egypt's history from 'Dynasty 3' (or sometimes 'Dynasty 4') until Roman rule into an Old Kingdom, First Intermediate Period, Middle Kingdom, Second IntermediatePeriod, New Kingdom, Third Intermediate Period, Saite Dynasty, Persian Period, and Ptolemaic Period. The main difference in the 'New' chronology involves the substantial shortening of the Third Intermediate Period and the related movement of the 'New Kingdom' to about three centuries later than the conventional dating. However the dynastic framework depends upon the dubious use of certain epitomes of Manetho. Whatever the justification for the tentative formulation of this chronological hypothesis around 1830 (dubious even then), it cannot withstand objective evaluation [1. Several lines of evidence suggest the need for a substantial compression of Egyptian chronology. Indeed, I have suggested c. 1700 BC as the ...
3. Calendars Revisited [The Velikovskian $]
... days long, as compared to the tropical year of just under 365.2422 days. Even this discrepancy can be greatly reduced, by canceling a scheduled leap year every few thousand years.) The Julian calendar, with its greater simplicity, is often used in preference to the Gregorian calendar, especially where astronomical matters or ancient history are concerned. When Rome conquered Egypt, the Romans had recently adopted the Julian calendar of 365.2500 days. But the Egyptians still used a 365-day calendar, in which each of 12 schematic months had its own Egyptian name and was 30 days long. Five epagomenal days were placed at the end of the year, after the 12 months. These five days were special and did not belong to any of the 12 months. At the end of the Ptolemaic period and at the beginning of the Roman period, the Egyptian year began in late August. This traditional year was divided into three seasons: The first season( ht) contained the months Thoth, Phaophi, Athyr, and Choiak; the second season (prt) contained the ...
4. Calendars [Kronos $]
... as compared to the tropical year of just under 365.2422 days. Even this discrepancy can be reduced, by skipping a scheduled leap year several thousand years from now.) The Julian calendar, with its greater simplicity, is often used in preference to the Gregorian calendar, especially where astronomical matters or ancient history are concerned. When Rome conquered Egypt, the Romans had recently adopted a Julian year of 365 1/4 days. But the Egyptians still used a 365-day calendar, in which each of twelve schematic months had its own Egyptian name, and was 30 days long. (In earlier sources, the months within a given season were usually numbered rather than named.) Five epagomenal days were placed at the end of the year, after the twelve months. These five days were special, and did not belong to any of the twelve months. At the end of the Ptolemaic period and at the beginning of the Roman period, the Egyptian year began in late August. The year was traditionally divided into three seasons, governed by the Nile. ...
... Egyptologist's Reaction" in KRONOS, Vol. II:4. My own opinion on Peoples of the Sea is very different than yours In a number of things, I disagree with Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky. For instance, I do not agree with his placing the 21st Dynasty where he places it. But I would like to touch on a couple of your comments. You brought up a point concerning the identification of Dnyn with Athenians which Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky made, and commented on "the confusion of d and t in Egyptian" plus added confusion on account of a "third consonant tj, which could conceivably have been used to render the theta of 'Athenians.' Of course, tj itself is also confused in Egyptian with d and t" I would suggest looking at this problem from a different perspective. Since, in the time of Ramses III, Egyptian is shown to have a relationship with Hebrew via the use of Hebrew words in Egyptian, then we might look to the Hebrew language for a solution. Now in Hebrew the "th ...
6. Sigmund Freud and Moses the Lawgiver [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... ? of religious experience to approach the great religious founder and attempt to illuminate his spiritual aspect as well as the traits of his appearance? He said that religion was a neurosis; was he seeking the traits of neurosis in Moses? In not a single line has he given any indication of this. ? I decided to put it away [the work, but it haunted me like an unlaid ghost.? (1) Something profoundly personal is hinted at in such a confession. Freud ? s work on Moses, the Egyptian, is not a psychoanalytical or psychological study. But we shall proceed in the manner of Freud when delivering over the author of a literary work to the tribunal of psychoanalysis. Unless one follows the traditions which have been handed down, a reconstruction of the personality of Moses is not possible on the basis of the remainder of the available historical material. When such an attempt is made to mold anew a statue of this giant from the scraps of relevant history to give not an analysis of the tradition, but a synthesis of ...
7. The Crescent II [The Saturn Myth] [Books]
... moon." This opinion is due to one fact alone: the new moon is the only crescent familiar to the modern age. Yet so routine is the identification of the crescent-ship with our moon that mythologists give almost no attention to specific imagery suggesting a radically different interpretation. Having observed the "unorthodox" role of the crescent-horn, it is appropriate to note first that ancient symbolism always equates the great god's ship with the bull or cow of heaven. Prehistoric drawings from Egypt continually relate the ship to a horned creature and later Egyptian art continued the theme. (13) 92. The Mesopotamian great gods sail in the horned ship. The same connection occurs in many Scandinavian rock drawings. A rock picture from the Nubian desert south of Kerma shows the ship so placed on the back of a bull that the boat and the galloping animal are one. (14) The Sumero-Babylonian Nannar or Sin, esteemed as the bull with glistening horns, is also "the shining bark of the heavens." (15) "May you ferry over by means ...
8. Sothic Dating Redux (Forum) [Kronos $]
... of Sirius fell on Thoth I in +139 the rest of his discussion about years just before and after that date is irrelevant. With +139 as the anchor the Sothic cycle can be projected backwards with sufficient latitude to accommodate possible errors of observation and that is all that my argument depends on. In the category of erroneous speculation let us place Shane H. Mage's quotation from the Ebers Papyrus about an eye-salve "as told to us by a Jew from Byblos". The word he accepted as meaning "Jew" is Egyptian '3m, a term used as early as the Old Kingdom. It is translated in the Wörterbuch and by other editors of Ebers as "Asiatic". A Jew may be an Asiatic but not all Asiatics are Jews. Rather than continue in this point by point fashion I propose to set forth a few observations on the Egyptian calendar system which if coupled with a thorough reading of my Calendars and my article "Sothic Dates and Calendar 'Adjustment'" (Revue d'Egyptologie 9, pp. 101-08) will clear up, I ...
9. Paired Sets in the Hebrew Alphabet [Aeon Journal $]
... semantics and symbolism of its letter names some of the magical, divinatory, interpretive, and cryptographic purposes to which it has been put. It is in large part through comparing the traditional semantics and symbolism of the letter names, along with other aspects of the letters themselves, that we can uncover some of the internal structure of the Hebrew alphabet connected with the pairing of letters. Subsidiary but nonetheless important information from a variety of sources and concerning several different languages and scripts is also brought to bear on this problem. The Middle Egyptian language and hieroglyphic "alphabet," (4) for example, provide some interesting data for comparison with the Hebrew letters and their meanings; and this is justified not only in that numerous shared elements link Egyptian to Semitic languages (which include Hebrew, Arabic, Aramaic, and others), but also from predominantly tri-consonantal roots to shared grammatical forms, some allegedly borrowed numbers and pronouns, and many other words. (5) Justification for such comparisons also derives from the possibility that Egyptian script influenced early stages in the ...
10. Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1999:2 (Feb 2000) Home¦ Issue Contents Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise by Jess E. Lasken The defenders of Sothic dating are shameless in their use of sources and data. Take, for instance, an article defending Sothic dating by Leo Depuydt of Brown University, published in the leading American Egyptology journal [1. This article reviewed the evidence for the proposition that the same Egyptian 365 day calendar was used without reform for approximately 3000 years ('the axiom of consistency'). It was intended to counter claims by Peter James [2 that Sothic dating had suffered a 'practical demise'. Depuydt reviewed the history of the axiom and summarised the evidence supporting it. He was forced to admit [3, 'There is to my knowledge, no uncontroversial evidence for the consistency of the wandering calendar before 473 BCE.' Nevertheless, he asserted that the weight of the evidence supports this. Furthermore, he claimed that double-dated documents from the Persian period show that 'from about 473 onwards, the Sothic hypothesis ...
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