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81. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... This revision of Near Eastern carbon dating is a side aspect of Keenan's main work, which has been modelling the c. 2000 BC climatic disruption. He attributes this event to an enormous volcanic eruption in Turkey rather than the recently popular theories of a comet/asteroid/meteor stream. His readjustment of dates in the Near East was necessary to link up the results of the climatic disruption globally, some of which would otherwise have been centuries apart. It remains to be seen how Keenan's theories will stand up. Carbon Dating the Pyramids Readers may be aware of a 1984 project in which some Old Kingdom pyramids were carbon dated using fragments of charcoal etc from their mortar (H. Haas et al, 'Radiocarbon Chronology and the Historical Calendar in Egypt', in O. Aurenche et al, Chronologies in the Near East, 1987, pp. 585-606). The results dated the Old Kingdom at an average of 374 years earlier than conventional dates, a figure which would be reduced slightly for the age of the wood which was thought to be mainly young ...
82. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Sphinx Timewatch BBC2, 27.11.94, Fortean Times 79, pp. 35-39 The Times 26.11.94 and 30.11.94 John West, a self-trained and unorthodox Egyptologist, believes that the Sphinx dates from 15,000 to 10,000 BC, from which he infers that there was a previously unknown civilization and even a connection with Mars. Not surprisingly, his theories are ridiculed by orthodox Egyptologists. However he persuaded geologist Robert Schoch to look at the Sphinx and its surroundings and Schoch was forced to the conclusion that the Sphinx is indeed older than the pyramids, or at least the 4th Dynasty tombs associated with them. The pyramids themselves were protected by dressed limestone and also subjected to atmospheric erosion and so cannot be directly compared with the Sphinx, which was unprotected but buried under sand for much of its later life. The 4th dynasty tombs were similarly buried and, though carved from the same rock strata as the Sphinx, show much less erosion. This erosion, moreover, appears to be water erosion and at the time of the pyramids the climate was already dry. Schoch ...
83. Egyptian Monumental Evidence [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... that certain kings now associated with the so-called 18th and 19th Dynasties actually ruled after c.700 BC and that the Amarna tablets date to around 609 BC. I also suggested that at least 'two' so-called 'Old Kingdom' kings were the same as the late Ethiopian king Taharka. I expressed agreement with Velikovsky's placement of Ramesses III (although I now know that he was actually Ptolemy I Soter). Indeed, I am now of the opinion that almost all New Kingdom material and much else besides is Ptolemaic. Thus while Herodotus suggests the pyramids were largely from the period between c.1000 BC and the early part of the 6th century BC, much of the material from temples associated with the pyramids is probably also Ptolemaic. Consistent with this, I suggested in passing in DE 17 that the Linear B tablets, which are cross-dated to Egypt, can be independently shown to date after c.200 BC. So I am definitely an extremist. I begin my response with a few observations: 1). No reputable Egyptologist has ever claimed that the conventional chronology of Egypt could have ...
84. Graham Hanock: Adjudication [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Atlantis Reborn, a documentary that looked at the theories of Mr Graham Hancock, supported by Mr Robert Bauval, about the existence of a lost civilisation from which all subsequent civilisations had derived. Mr Hancock and Mr Bauval were interviewed in the programme. They each complained to the Broadcasting Standards Commission that they had been treated unjustly or unfairly in the programme. The Complaints Mr Hancock complained that he had been treated unjustly or unfairly in that: he had not been given an opportunity to respond to criticisms of the theory that the Giza pyramids in Egypt matched the position of stars in the Orion constellation at a particular period (the "correlation theory"); an important part of his argument for a correlation between the Great Sphinx and the constellation of Leo had been ignored, the programme had mocked his argument by correlating buildings in modern Manhattan with the constellation, and he had not been given the opportunity to respond; he had not been given an opportunity to respond to criticism of his theory that there had been a similar correlation between the stars and concerning astronomy ...
85. Monitor [SIS C&C Review $]
... until now. The analysts, however, did know the date of the material they were dealing with: it was not a 'blind' measurement. In Japan, scientists have declared the seasonal layers of a lake, going back 45,000 years, to be so well preserved that they can be used to calibrate radiocarbon datings much earlier than the usual 10,000 years ago. Doubtful datings New Scientist 4.10.97, p. 11, BBC2 Horizon 2.4.98 In Greece researchers have used the technique of thermoluminescence to redate two small Greek pyramids in the Peloponnese from 400 BC, determined by associated artefacts, back to the third millennium BC, at the supposed time of the Egyptian pyramids! There is even a 500 year gap between the two, which should have alerted their suspicions, but they are convinced that their method, which relies on the theory that the innermost surfaces of the stones have had no light on them since they were built, is accurate. One is given the impression that the Greek pyramids are solid, like their enormously larger counterparts, but ...
86. Society News [SIS C&C Review $]
... Vinca people could have had a Semitic language. In 1912 Petrie wrote The Formation of the Alphabet. His ideas were rejected but there may be something in them because he noted that in the predynastic period there were certain potters' marks used which were very similar to later alphabetic signs. He noticed the same signs in a number of cultures and suggested they were either used symbolically or as a form of writing. John Crowe remarked that Hancock's Keeper of the Genesis does not explain why this ancient civilisation did not write anything inside the pyramids. David Roth said Hancock just refers to the Pyramid Texts, which were not in the pyramids. Discussion continued about Graham Hancock's Fingerprints of the Gods. Kirsten Morrison says he describes super-highways going through the desert but he gives no pictures and gives no back-up anywhere. Margaret Grant commented that the highways built by the Mayans and the Incas are very well-known and well documented, though Trevor Palmer said we don't know their dates precisely. Hancock claims they go back to pre 10,000 BC. Margaret remarked that they did extraordinary ...
87. Monitor [SIS C&C Review $]
... and there are signs of mass sacrifice. By AD 1200 deforestation was a probable cause of flooding and erosion of agricultural areas and they may have been superseded by another culture for which a bird figure was more important than the corn goddess. The area was deserted by 1400. In the heart of Mayan country in Guatemala, the ruins of a new complex have been found, known as Cancuen, or Place of Serpents and dating to the 8th century. The site rivals Tikal 80 miles to the north but does not have major pyramids or ceremonial attributes, appearing to be entirely a trading and crafts centre. South America Horizon BBC2 TV, 20.1.00, Science Frontiers 128 Mar-April 00, p. 1 Yet another investigation of the Nasca lines considers the nearby city of Cahuachi, a 2000 year old ruin of eroded mud brick pyramids and other structures. This appears to have been a special ceremonial centre for priests. The animal figures on the pampa were made first, around AD 200 and each is constructed of one continuous line. The figures depicted are the same ...
88. CHAOS AND CREATION: Bibliography [Quantavolution Website]
... Archaeology: an Ecological Approach to Prehistory, Aldine Press, Chicago. Cadogan, Gerald, with the collaboration of R. K. Harrison& G. E. Strong (1972), "Volcanic Glass Shards in Late Minoan I Crete," 46 Antiquity, 310-3. Cambridge Ancient History (1973), Cambridge, Eng., University Press, vol. II. Campbell, Joseph (1949), The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Princeton University Press, Princeton. Cardona, Dwardu (1973-74), "The Pyramids and Earth's Axis," letter, 4 Pensée No. 1, 66-7.---- (1975), "Tektites and China's Dragon," I Kronos No. 2, 35- 47.---- (1976), "The Problem of the Frozen Mammoths," I Kronos No. 4, 77.---- (1976a), "On the Origin of Tektites," II Kronos No. 1, 38- 44.---- (1977), ...
... From: Horus Vol. 3 No. 1 (Winter 1987) Home¦ Issue Contents...more Myths Monuments and Mnemonics: A Photographic Tour of Egyptian Antiquities David Griffard (Photos by the author) The mountainous stone pyramids at Gizeli have withstood the erosive forces of time, natural and human, to reveal the essentials of their original outer dimensions and generally preserve the internal chambers and passageways. Their antiquity alone is cause enough for wonder though older examples show them to be particularly grand structures in an already established tradition- one that continued generally throughout the Old Kingdom of Egypt. About eighty are known, but the sheer mass of the Gizeli group has added to the sense of mystery associated with pyramids and served to remind travelers since ancient times that a major wave of human achievement was commemorated here. The Great Pyramid of Khufti [Cheops itself has over six million tons of stone blocks, the smallest of which is a little under two tons. Its massive foundation rests on and is embedded in bedrock, and the four sides are aligned almost perfectly with ...
90. Monitor [SIS C&C Review $]
... have been that the Earth's axis was different in those days and the Arctic regions weren't so frigid after all? The huge and the tough New Scientist 7.8.99, p. 17, 19.6.99, p. 13, 31.10.98, p. 26, 4.9.99, p. 4 Creatures in the past were often of huge size. Even some unicellular animals were of incredible size for that type of life, being up to 16cm across when modern ones are only 2mm. The remains of such nummulites are found in the limestone from which the pyramids are built. The record for arthropods has now been discovered in the form of a centipede over two metres long. Scientists wonder why it became extinct but in modern conditions of gravity and oxygen pressure it is unlikely that it could survive at all. At the other end of the scale for size are tiny creatures called tardigrades which are less than half a millimetre long. They can withstand boiling, freezing, exposure to a vacuum and enormous pressure by going into a state of suspended animation which they can maintain for over a ...
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