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67 pages of results.
191. Perplexities of Orthodoxy. [Kronos $]
... showed a grouping of symbols such as [the philologist Sittig had not yet seen, and which the brilliant Ventris, another outsider, could indisputably read as Greek. This invalidated part of Sittig's interpretations: only three of his thirty readings had been correct. And so, there began a new effort that will probably go on for a long time. While ancient philology is approaching the final solution of its problem, a far greater problem has come to confront us regarding the entire history of antiquity. Why should the language of the Greeks, a far from highly developed people at the time, be written in Cretan script on Crete, the center of an independent, highly advanced culture about 600 years before Homer? Did these two languages exist side by side? [Is it possible that our entire chronology of early Greece is all wrong? Is Homer becoming problematic again" (pp. 80-8 1, emphasis added)? For possible resolution see: Ages in Chaos, pp. 180-182. Pensee IX (Fall, 1974), pp. 5-20. ...
192. C&C Workshop 1988, Number 2: Contents [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: C&C Workshop 1988, Number 2 Texts Home¦ SIS Workshop Home Society for Interdisciplinary Studies CHRONOLOGY& CATASTROPHISM WORKSHOP 1988, Number 2 SOCIETY NEWS 1 ARTICLES Planetary Identities: I, The Concept of Deity by Dwardu Cardona 4 The Israelites and the 18th Dynasty by Anthony H. Rees 7 Abraham and Phallicism by George R. Harvey 10 Before the Greeks: Professor Davis's Cretan Decipherments by Alan Dilnot 13 Ancient Calendars by Dick Atkinson 15 FORUM: C. Leroy Ellenberger and David Salkeld on tippe-tops, the Earth's dynamo, etc 18 BOOKSHELF 21 MONITOR:* Catastrophic faunal assemblage* Model supernovae won't explode* Surprised astronomers view cometary tail* More C-T evidence* Climatic flips* The face on Mars* Unstable Solar System* Mathematics and the Unexpected* Fortean meteorology* Catastrophic near-extinction* Eocene climate puzzle* Oceans of cometary origin?* On deaf ears* Magnetic reversals and sea level* `Frost Rings' queried* Human origins in Asia?* Unreliable 14C date* Problematic coal mine fossils* Adaptive mutation?* Simply amazing!* Planetary ...
193. Senmut and Phaeton: Supplementary Notes [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Review Vol II No 2 (Dec 1977) Home¦ Issue Contents Senmut and Phaeton: Supplementary Notes Michael Reade D.S.C, for many years a marine navigator, now a confectionery technologist consultant to industry. The author's paper in our last issue concluded that the astronomical ceiling in the tomb of Senmut records the event remembered by the Greeks as the "Fall of Phaeton", involving the passage of the comet Venus and an inversion of the poles. Some further thoughts are appended here. 1. The Crocodiles on the Egyptian Monuments The two crocodiles (sometimes more) which appear on the astronomical ceilings appear to represent the constellations Serpens Caput and Serpens Cauda. The one which climbs up the back and peeps over the head of the hippopotamus (identified as Bo÷tes) presents very little difficulty; a star globe marked with stars down to the 4th. magnitude makes it obvious that it must be Serpens Caput, especially if the globe is set for an upside-down earth (i.e. poles interchanged). Serpens Cauda presents much more difficulty, yet it ...
194. Horizons [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... a past characterised by gradual but continuous increase in human power and satisfaction.) 5. Reliance on retrocalculation as a means of quantifying the historic past. This reliance takes two forms, one astronomic and the other physio-chemical. Astronomic retrocalculation, in turn, also takes two forms: the back-dating of eclipses, on the assumption- contradicted by early writings- that the ancient sky was identical with our own; and employment of 'Sothic' dating, based on the dubious assumption that the celestial body which the Egyptians called Sopdet and the Greeks Hellenised as Sothis was in fact the star Sirius. Physio-chemical retrocalculation takes the primary form of radiocarbon dating, based on the assumption that the electro-chemical characteristics of Earth's atmosphere and biosphere have been relatively constant for at least 40,000 years. But, if this constancy assumption is erroneous, radio-chronological dating will yield false, and generally inflated, readings. 6. Consensualism, or the belief that scholarship can function reliably only if a majority of investigators make the same assumptions about chronology and other fundamental matters. While this belief can ...
195. Ancient Knowledge of Jupiter's Bands and Saturn's Rings [Kronos $]
... . Plato further argued that the planets and stars were huge, and he insisted that the gods were among the planets and not upon Olympus.(5) The modern practice of arbitrarily labeling new objects of the sky from Greek mythology has obscured the sacredness of the ancient belief in the union of astral bodies with divine personages. If any distinction between the planet and god were required, it would relate, as Taylor put it, to "the planet Jupiter, who being a mundane divinity, according to the theology of the Greeks, is a procession from, but not the same with, Jupiter the fabricator of the world."(6) That is, the abstract god, Jupiter the Demiurge, is something beyond Planet Jupiter, the concrete manifestation of the Demiurge. Early Greek usage did employ the possessive or genitive case, "of Jupiter" in referring to the planet, but by Aristotle's time the significance of the distinction had been lost and the nominative "Jupiter" was used for both god and planet. Proclus writes in a language ...
196. Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... 'Radiocarbon Dating in Historical Perspective'. Most helpfully, Taylor cross-references the main section dealing with a topic- say fractionization at 2.4- when he discusses that topic in connection with another topic. The chapter dealing with evaluation of radiocarbon data is especially important to chronologists. Those in serious disagreement with conventional chronologies but confronted with claims that radiocarbon data supports these chronologies will find Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective to be a gold mine of information. Let me give some examples. 1. I am quite certain that the 'Mycenaeans' are Greeks from archaic, classical and later times. Yet all but a few of the radiocarbon measurements made on material from Thera are claimed to support the dating of its destruction to the mid-2nd millennium BC. I have long suspected that these early radiocarbon results were the result of some sort of systematic error connected with old carbons being emitted by the volcano that destroyed Thera. Therefore, imagine my interest when I came across the following discussion by Taylor: "Terrestrial reservoir effects have also been noted in regions where volcanic gas emissions cause significant ...
197. Peoples of the Sea: An Art Historical Perspective ... [Kronos $]
... king). On p. 27, however, it is unwise to quote the forms Arsatis, Arshu, Arsa and Arsu side by side as names of the Persian king without any consideration of what is typical or atypical in Greek, Aramaic and Egyptian renderings of Persian Names, especially with regard to the vocalisation and the sibilant (s versus sh). It is to be granted that the writings of foreign names in ancient languages are a rather great problem, but the problem should be solved, not exploited. Persians and Greeks Invade Egypt pp. 29-35: The argument for identifying the headgear of the Prst and the Persians is a very strong one. A sceptic might make this counter argument: that if the Prst were Aryans, as is usually assumed, then the identity of headgear can be attributed to identity of origins not identity of the Prst and the Persians. If the two arguments are juxtaposed alone, however, the counter-argument is the weaker one. On the other hand, Velikovsky's argument for reading the name Prst as Persians is weak, ...
... Delta, they could have been anything from Libyans to Levantines. In the Aegean area, moreover, there were a plethora of potentially related place names: Pharsalos in Thessaly, Palaeste in Epirus, Pras(s)o on Rhodes, and Paros among the islands.(8) What is more, Hellenic mythology contains a Series of legendary personages, such as Perse, Perses, Perseis, and Perseus, which might reasonably have led, at least in pre-Achaemenid times, to the use of a term like *Perseans for Greeks. The attested alternative ethnonym Danaans, coupled with the Greek heroic names Danaus and Danae, makes this possibility far from remote. FOOTNOTED REFERENCES 1. Doubleday and Co., Garden City, N. Y. 1977 2. Since early Egyptian scribes wrote no vowels, it seems less prejudicial, especially in cases of uncertain reference, to cite unvocalised forms. (For details see Alan Gardiner, Egyptian Grammar, 3rd ed., Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, U.K., 1957, reprinted 1976, p ...
199. Baal-Manzer The Tyrian: A Reappraisal [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... and Bronson Feldman, 'Pygmalion, Prince of Tyre and the el-Amarna Correspondence', Kronos II:1 (1976), pp. 76-88. The two names match phonetically thus: A B I- M I L K I P Y G M A L I O N The Greek ending '-on' is the same as in Straton (Astarte), and B/P and G/K are simply voiced/unvoiced pairs which often switch. All that is left is a simple metathesis of the G/K. The Greeks tended to drop initial vowels in transliteration (again, Straton is a useful example) and it is to be expected that consonants preceded by vowels would be voiced while those preceded by consonants would be unvoiced. 17. Peter J. James, Kronos IV:1 (1978), pp. 45-55 18. Suggestions that this name should be read Yaw= Jeho(ram) do not make sense. The Hebrew YHW' (Jehu) differs from the Tetragrammaton JHVH only by the last consonant, which is silent in ...
200. Old-Babylonian and Persian Terra-Cotta Reliefs [Aeon Journal $]
... to be found-- confirmed the vast size of the empire in question. In Egypt, terra-cottas made from molds do not appear before the middle of the first millennium BCE. The best known site for these mass-produced pieces was Alexandria, whose "terra-cotta industry was probably founded by immigrated Greek artisans who brought their molds from the homeland." (11) Many terra-cottas were found in the Persian strata of Memphis. These appear to stem from the period prior to the fourth century BCE, possibly connected to the first settlement of Greeks in Egypt beginning after 615 BCE at Naucratis: From the numerous terra-cottas, portrayals of a great diversity of ethnic types are particularly striking. They mirror the cosmopolitan composition of the population in this trading metropolis and capital of the Persian satrapy. Could it really be accidental that our terra-cottas did not blossom in Egypt before she became Persia's province whereas Mesopotamia managed to get a headstart of 1500 years in this popular field of arts and crafts? Is it by chance that well stratified sites-- like Tell el-Daba-- do not ...
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