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181. More on Apollo [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... was that illuminated places. Dr Velikovsky has proved the identity of the Horned Star and the Wolf Star and it is probably safe to say that Apollo and his twin sister, Artemis, can now take their place as yet two further aspects of Venus, that most dangerous of the stars in the skies of ancient Earth. The myths even record the end of that peril; for what is Apollo's enslavement to man but the final settling of Venus into a peaceful orbit, and the transformation of the mighty god who slew thousands of Greeks at Troy with his arrows, into the star of the gentle love goddess? \cdrom\pubs\journals\workshop\vol0404\07more.htm ...
182. Josephus and Velikovsky [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... mention of such in the Scriptures, Josephus asserts that Abraham studied the movements of the heavens: "In the tenth generation after the Flood, there was among the Chaldeans a man righteous and great, and skilful in the celestial science."(l) "He communicated to them [the Egyptians arithmetic, and delivered to them the science of astronomy; for, before Abram came into Egypt, they were unacquainted with those parts of learning; for that science came from the Chaldeans into Egypt, and from thence to the Greeks also."(2) Abraham's interest in astronomy would not be unexpected according to Velikovsky, who claimed that at the time of Abraham, Jupiter dominated the Earth, causing great destruction.(3) Josephus gives more details than do the Scriptures as to Abraham's new religious beliefs, which caused him to be driven from his original home in Chaldea. Astronomy played a large part in the ideas of the father of three major religions. "For he was the first that ventured to publish this notion, that there was ...
183. The Pleiades in Aboriginal Mythology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... all over the world: "Those stars are only apparently six (for the seventh is sometimes so dim as to be invisible), yet all the world over, among civilized and savage races, in Europe, in India, China, Japan, America, and Africa, this diminutive group is not merely regarded as seven stars, but what is still more surprising, as "The Seven Stars", though the far brighter seven stars of the Great Bear might seem to deserve the title."(3) The Greeks knew the faintest star of the Pleiades as Merope, and one myth explained that her light was dimmed because, alone amongst her sisters, she had married a mortal.(4) In his article, "The Mystery of the Pleiades"(5) Dwardu Cardona cites a Jewish legend that links the Pleiades with the Flood: "The upper waters rushed through the space left when God removed two stars out of the constellation Pleiades."(6) In the Aboriginal myth from the Clarence River Basin cited above, ...
184. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop Vol 5 No 3 (Sep 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents Letters Origin of Danaus Dear Sir, In Workshop 5:1, p. 14, K. A. LeFlem states: "The origin of the name Danaus is not known;..." May I be permitted to offer an origin? The word Danaus is a phonetic transcription [by the Greeks of Ta-nu-it, the place of Nut's sycamore. In Egyptian mythology the goddess Nut gave birth to Osiris under a sycamore, and the heart wood of that tree was needed to make the Ankh, or life-giving cross. From the Third Dynasty on Egypt became the "Land of the Sycamores". Further information on all this can be found in Albert Slosman's La Grande Hypothese.- Gordon Turner, Montfort l'Amoury, France Information Please! Dear Sir, In my letter, "Eric Crew and the Tippe-top" (Workshop 4:3, pp. 34-6), I drew attention to the flight path study of Vanguard 1, from which NASA concluded that ...
185. The New Orthodoxy's Respect for Fact [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... variation by the environment." Now, according to Sir Gavin de Beer, F.R.S., F.S.A., Director of the British Museum (Natural History) for ten years, and author of CHARLES DARWIN; A SCIENTIFIC BIOGRAPHY,(3) "Lamarck is associated with a hypothetic cause for evolution that he did not invent... whereas it was his genius in proposing a scheme of evolution that deserves commemoration in the term Lamarckism." Further, says de Beer, this hypothetic cause has been around since the ancient Greeks, the Old Testament and, latterly, Diderot (d. 1784). And just what does Darwin say on the subject? In chapter XV of THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES,(4) Darwin writes: "species have been modified... chiefly through the natural selection of... favourable variations; aided in an important manner by the inherited effects of use and disuse of parts; and in an unimportant manner... by the direct action of external conditions...." He goes on ...
186. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... point), the source for this relationship is the ILIAD, XV, 187-193, to which I refer DSP. Here the relationship is made quite clear. O.K., one may say that this might be a late interpretation and that originally Zeus, Hades and Poseidon represented planets; but to this I would make the following points. Firstly, the ILIAD was used extensively as a source of data by Velikovsky himself. Secondly, it is a much earlier source than most we possess and it clearly reflects the views of the Greeks around the beginning of the first millennium B.C., a time not too distant from the catastrophic events proposed by Velikovsky. And if one refutes this evidence simply because it does not seem to support the Velikovskian scenario, then one is treading on very dangerous ground indeed. In fact the whole vexed question of selectivity in any study of mythology is something to beware of: that Velikovsky himself was guilty of this there is no doubt, as "Velikovsky Mythistoricus", an article by James Fitton in CHIRON I:182, ...
187. Centuries of Darkness? - a Challenge to the Conventional Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... the mass of material from diverse sources and geographical areas to the inescapable conclusion that the conventional chronology is deeply flawed. After an introductory chapter on the evolution of Old World chronology, it deals first with the Western and Central Mediterranean, taking in Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, the Aeolian Islands, Malta and southern Spain (Tartessos). In all these places there are gaps in the archaeological record of prehistoric cultures between the 13th century, when there were trading and cultural links with the Mycenaeans, and the 8th century, when Greeks and Phoenicians began planting colonies in the Central and Western Mediterranean as far west as Spain. In Italy this has caused disputes over the dating of the intervening Late Apennine, Proto-Villanovan and Villanovan periods, whose lifespans have had to be stretched to fill the 400 year gap, while in Sicily the Pantalica culture is identified by numerous tombs but no settlements over a 300 year period. Similar disturbing gaps occur elsewhere in the Mediterranean, while the chronology of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages in Central Europe and the Balkans is also ...
188. Greek Estimates of the Synodic Month [Kronos $]
... elementary operation. Eclipses repeat themselves according to the same pattern after 223 lunar months, that is, about 18 solar years and 11 days. They occur in the same part of the sky in three cycles of 223 months. If the lunar month were to be calculated with an accuracy of less than 29.53 days, in less than 6 years one would notice that eclipses occur not only at the wrong time, but also on the wrong solar day. Because the Metonic cycle was used to calculate the date of eclipses, the Greeks were driven to introduce refinements into it. Hipparchus proposed that for the sake of predicting eclipses there be adopted a cycle of 19 x 223 lunar months. According to him, this was the shortest period in which a series of lunar months equals a whole number of solar days. He assumed that 19 x 223 lunar months are exactly 125,121 solar days or 342 solar years and 208 days. Modern figures give 342 years and 208.17 days. Textbooks repeat that Hipparchus reckoned the solar year as 365.24666 days, but, ...
189. Olympia [Kronos $]
... of the second millennium, and that the "primitive" pottery was also of the second millennium. The latter was actually found in Mycenaean tombs together with the Mycenaean ware. This should signify that in the second millennium two or three different cultures met in Greece. Mycenaean art was, according to the dissident, an imported Phoenician art of the second millennium; Homer, in the Iliad and the Odyssey, gave ample testimony that rich oriental ware and arms were exported by the Phoenicians and also brought from Sidon to Greece by wandering Greeks. A Phoenician crater was the most precious possession in Menelaus' palace.(4) The "Mycenaean ware" that is met all around the Mediterranean was this Phoenician export. Achaeans dwelt in the Mycenaean palaces in Greece, but these palaces were built in a style brought from the Orient. There exists no similarity between the Minoan art of Crete and Mycenaean art, Dorpfeld proceeded,(5) and it is impossible that the latter was developed from the former. The "Mycenaean" culture was imported not only into ...
190. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... refreshments. Ancient History Study Group Mixed fortunes attended the work of the Study Group during 1988. After the excellent March meeting (reported in Workshop 1988:1), David Rohl presented a stimulating talk on 'Early Greek History in the Light of the New Chronology' at David Roth's home in June. Based on a seminar previously given to a London University audience, David outlined the contradictions posed by the orthodox view of Greek history, stressed the pivotal importance of Homer in his thesis and, perhaps most significantly, that the later Greeks had no conception of a 'Dark Age' in their history. Due mainly to the postal strikes the planned August meeting had to be abandoned, and so the last meeting of the year was held at the home of Clarice Morgan on November 19th. In addition to reviewing the subjects covered in previous meetings, members were consulted on their particular areas of interest in the study of ancient history. This resulted in a discussion from which it became clear that the consensus was that the Group should widen its range of interests and consider ...
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