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151. The Lion Gate at Mycenae [Pensee]
... , known as the Lion Gate (Fig. 1), is surmounted by two sculptured and now headless leonine figures --rampant, heraldically opposed and separated by a central column. Although once thought to be the oldest example of monumental sculpture in Europe (5), recent discoveries at Lepenski Vir in the Balkans have shown otherwise (6). Nevertheless, the Lion Gate remains a key monument in the history of ancient art serving, so to speak, as a kind of portentous prelude to the later sculptural works of the Classical Greeks (7). CHRONOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL CONSIDERATIONS Almost from the moment of its rediscovery, the Lion Gate and other adjacent material gave rise to "vehement disputes between 1880 and 1890 about the dating of the Mycenaean finds" (8). Dates were put forward assigning the monuments to either the years 1400-1100 B.C., 800-700 B.C., or Byzantine times (9). The latter suggestion has long been dismissed by archaeologists and art historians alike, but the other proposed dates now require careful re-examination. While the Lion Gate ...
152. LIVING WITH ELECTRICITY [Quantavolution Website]
... helmets, wrestling (gleam of oil); Zeus is even referred to as decorissimus. Bacchus is "decorus aureo cornu," with golden horn, Horace, 'Odes' 2: 19: 30. I suggest that we should associate decorus with the appearance of an electrical glow round an object. The Greek prepon means fitting, suitable, like the Latin decorus. Its primary meaning is shining, conspicuous to the senses; e. g. 'Zeus en aitheri prepei', Zeus shines out in the sky. ART The Greeks and Romans greatly valued realism. A painting or statue should be as much like the original as possible, and should be suffused with a certain 'charis', charm. Zeuxis, who could deceive a bird by inducing it to swoop down to peck at his painting of a bunch of grapes, was held to be a great artist; his rival Parrhasios, who could deceive Zeuxis, a human judge, by painting an easel and cloth, so that Zeuxis asked him to remove the cloth and let him see the picture ...
153. Greek History Begins in the Sixth Century B.C. [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon II:3 (1990) Home¦ Issue Contents Greek History Begins in the Sixth Century B.C. Benny Peiser The Controversy about the Olympic Victor list To calculate the times precisely therefore is difficult, particularly if one reckons according to the Olympic victors, whose records, as reported, were compiled only lately by Hippias, without being founded on reliable basis. Plutarch (c. 45-120) (1) First Olympiad: in which Coroibos the Hellene won the stade race. From this time the time-reckoning of the Greeks was considered to be certain. Eusebius (c. 265-340) (2) The list of the victors of Olympia begins in 776 B.C.-- our first definite date of Greek history. Oswyn Murray (1982) (3) So then a little after the death of Alexander the Great, they began to set down the Generations, Reigns and Successions, in numbers of years, and by putting Reigns and Successions equipollent to Generations, and three Generations to an hundred or an hundred and twenty years (as appears ...
154. From the End of the Eighteenth Dynasty to the Time of Ramses II [Kronos $]
... ___ 1. Smith, "The Esarhaddon Chronicle," Babylonian Historical Texts, p. 15. 2. Luckenbill, Records of Assyria, II, Sec. 770 (the Rassam Cylinder). 3. Ibid, Secs. 772-774. 4. Ibid., Sec. 905. 5. See note 3 of the preceding section. 6. Herodotus, II, 152. Herodotus' statement calls for a correction. Not Sabacos (Shabaku) but Tandamane, son of Sabacos, killed Necos. THE FIRST GREEKS IN EGYPT When upon the death of Necho Assurbanipal reconquered Egypt he re-established the system of numerous vice-kings, who "came to meet me and kissed my feet." We are informed by Assurbanipal that this governmental organization was discontinued a few years later, when one of the vice kings took all the power to himself, accomplishing this with the help of the soldiers who arrived in Egypt from Sardis on the Aegean shore of Asia Minor. Gyges was at that time king of Sardis in Lydia. At first Gyges sent messengers to ...
155. "Let There be Light" [Kronos $]
... day God created Saturn.. ." (Emphasis added).(12) This belief of the Persians, as described by Al-Biruni, finds other parallels among the ancients where Saturn became known as the Lord of the Sabbath.(13) To this day, the Sabbath, which, among the Jews, is the day of Saturday, is called after this planet-- it is Saturn's Day (14) The Persians, as we have seen, presented Saturn as having been created on the 6th day but the Greeks, as shown in an extant Orphic fragment preserved by Proclus, understood the Saturnian connection with the Creation much better:"... Kronos [Saturn" gives "from above the principles of intelligibility to the demiurge, and he presides over the whole creation." (Emphasis added.)(15) In that "mysterious" work of theirs, popularly known as the Great Magical Papyrus of Paris, the Greeks actually addressed the planet Saturn, called Kronos, outrightly as the "founder of the whole world we ...
156. Freud and Velikovsky Part I [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... of them however were fond of affirming their loyalty to what they considered the quintessence of Judaic ideals. "We Jews," said Freud, "have always known how to respect spiritual values." 5 But what he and Weizmann meant by the latter were nebulous-- when not definitely Gentile-- postulates of politeness hardly superior to the florid flatulence Felix Adler extolled as Ethical Culture when he deserted Judaism. It was the sort of wisdom a distant relative of Freud's wife, Heinrich Heine, ridiculed when he wrote that the Greeks, despite philosophies infinitely fashionable in Christendom, were pretty juvenile, but "the Jews were always men, mighty, unconquerable men, not only in the past, but to this very day," despite centuries of persecution and wretchedness. 6 Freud probably felt tempted to agree with Heine's opinion that Moses was the greatest man who ever lived, but his own adoration of the Greeks and hatred of the Jewish identity, Jewish passion, Jewish fidelity, induced him to belittle the latter and place Moses genetically with the Egyptians. ...
157. Velikovsky's "The Dark Age of Greece" [The Velikovskian $]
... an accident. A single scratched letter from this period would be enough to show that writing survived; but not one has been found. This is, undeniably, a most remarkable phenomenon, for which it is hard to find either a parallel or an explanation. A society seems suddenly to have become illiterate, and to have remained so for centuries. How and why this happened we do not know.... One historian, Alan Wace, complained that "[ i t is incredible a people as intelligent as the Greeks should have forgotten how to read and write once they had learned how to do so." Some scholars suggested the Greeks may have done their writing on parchment, wooden tablets or other perishable matter, but they were whistling in the dark age. Velikovsky quotes Denys Page: There is no scrap of evidence and no reason whatsoever to assume that the art of writing was practiced in Greece between the end of the Mycenaean era and the eighth century BC....The Iliad preserves facts about the Trojans which could not have been ...
158. Heinsohn's Ancient "History" [Aeon Journal $]
... still precede Nabonidus and Nabonidus would still precede Darius, for example). At most, one would be forced to entertain the conclusion that the Old Babylonian period needs to be downdated to some extent, a scenario that I, for one, would welcome. Before one could entertain that hypothesis, however, it would first be necessary to show that the presence of Old Babylonian strata directly underneath Hellenistic strata is not a result of pure chance, such as the abandonment of a particular site for two thousand years before reoccupation under the Greeks. One would also have to rule out the possibility of intentional destruction of intermediate levels. How many ancient kings boast of razing a particular city to the very foundations before constructing their own city? Note further that it is not the occasional presence of Old Babylonian remains beneath Hellenistic strata that would prove Heinsohn's case; rather it would be necessary to document that such a relationship consistently prevails at various different stratigraphical sites. If Persian strata were to be found immediately beneath the Hellenistic strata accompanied by the presence of Old Babylonian or other ...
... Sammer. It is printed here with the permission of both the author and the publisher. Part I appeared in KRONOS VII:4. A review of Mrs. Fuhr's book appeared in Bibliotheca Orientalis XXV, No. 3/4, May-July, 1968, p. 260. The author of it was Th. P. van Baaren.- LMG 3. Gods and Stars Allam(32) cites information from Aelian according to which the Egyptian goddess Hathor- in her manifestation as Mistress of Cusae- was considered by the Greeks of Hellenistic times to be the equivalent of Aphrodite Urania, a goddess with an epithet not claimed by any other Greek goddess.(33) But Aphrodite Urania was also the name of a "meteor" goddess of Aphaca at Byblos in Syria, (34) a goddess identical to the Syrian 'Attart (Astart-Astarte), who was merged with the goddess 'Anath and became Atargatis before the time of Israel's prophets.(35) According to an ancient source, a "meteor" was expected on a certain day of the ...
160. Mars Gods of the New World [Aeon Journal $]
... identification of that planet with the Akkadian war-god Nergal, that identification being wholly arbitrary in nature. (1) Thus Nergal might just as well have been assigned the regent of the planet Mercury, whereupon that planet would have come to be looked upon as the war-god par excellence. The end result of this fortuitous set of circumstances, culminating in the identification of Nergal with the planet Mars-- so the argument goes-- was that such traditions ultimately became diffused throughout the Old World upon the inheritance of Babylonian science by the Greeks and Indians. At first sight this argument has some appeal. Certainly there is no denying the fact that Babylonian astronomy had an enormous influence upon the early astronomical conceptions of the Greeks and other Old World cultures. The Greeks themselves admitted as much. (2) And analysis of the Greek and Indian traditions surrounding the various celestial bodies confirms that such was indeed the case. (3) Upon closer examination, however, it can be shown that diffusion from Babylon cannot account for the complex mythology which came to be associated ...
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