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141. The Death of Heracles [Aeon Journal $]
... together, raises a strong presumption, though it cannot be said to amount to a proof, that a practice of burning a deity and especially Melqarth, in effigy or in the person of a human representative, was observed at an annual festival in Tyre and its colonies. We can understand how Hercules in so far as he represented the Tyrian god, was believed to have perished by a voluntary death on a pyre. For on many a beach and headland of the Aegean, where the Phoenicians had their trading factories, the Greeks may have watched the bale-fires of Melqarth blazing in the darkness of night, and have learned with wonder that the strange folk were burning their god. In this way the legend of the voyages of Hercules and his death in the flames may be supposed to have originated. Yet with the legend the Greeks borrowed the custom of burning the god; for at festivals of Hercules a pyre used to be kindled in memory of the hero's fiery death on Mount Oeta. We may surmise, though we are not expressly told, that ...
142. Apollo of the Wolf, the Mouse and the Serpent [Kronos $]
... the planet Mars, with its atmosphere stretched out, as taking the appearance of a sword.(24) It was, according to him, one of the characteristics of the planet that gave Mars the title of "War God". In the Iliad Apollo is repeatedly referred to as "he who strikes from afar" and "he of the silver bow". The former is consistent with the latter as the bow and arrow were his primary weapons. In the first book of the Iliad, Apollo's arrows devastate the Greeks for nine days. At least twice, however, Apollo is called "he of the golden sword".(25) We have thus far discussed epithets of Apollo; but what does his name mean? A minority opinion holds that "Apollo" means "destroyer",(26) an incongruous appellation for the god who evolved into a solar deity and patron of the arts. The more popular opinion, however, is that "Apollo" means "meeting" (as in "a gathering"). ...
143. The Birth of Monotheism [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... the protective deity of the previous age would cause one or another tribe to remain faithful to the old cult; religions and gods are tenacious contents of the human soul and peoples do not part easily from them. Thus we see how the worship of Jupiter superceded that of Saturn; the worship of Venus (Minerva, Athena, Astarte, Baal) in many regions eclipsed the worship of Jupiter; and the advent of Mars and its participation in celestial wars brought new schisms into religious thinking and caused new religious wars. Thus the Greeks battled under the patronage of the planet Venus (Athena) whereas the Trojans battled under the protection of Mars (Ares); but Ares was also recognized as god by the Greeks and Athena as a goddess by the Trojans. Similarly the Toltecs, faithful to the cult of Quetzalcoatl, the planet Venus, warred and succumbed in the war against the Aztecs, the younger race that proclaimed Mars (Huitzilopochtli) as their god. The Romans regarded Mars as their protective deity but their main sacrarium was dedicated to Jupiter and Minerva ...
144. The Demands of the Saturnian Configuration Theory [SIS C&C Review $]
... or the Egyptian Atum, it is always stated that the god existed alone in darkness. It is the same in the ancient texts of India, not only among the Hindus but even among the lesser tribes: 'When this world was first made, there was neither sun nor moon... and everything was dark' [5. The Laws of Manu preach: 'This world was darkness, unknowable, without form, beyond reason and perception, as if utterly asleep' [6. Turn to Japan, or the ancient Greeks; travel to the cold spaces of Siberia, or cross the ocean to North America, Central America, or South America; cross the Pacific to the archipelagos of Micronesia, Polynesia, Malaysia, Africa; it does not matter where one travels, or whose ancient beliefs one examines, the message is the same. There are simply too many myths telling about this Age of Darkness to present them all here. An earlier paper on solely this subject [7 had to be selective to avoid boring the reader with this repetitive ...
145. The Oracle of Cadmus [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... brilliantly established the historical basis for the story in "Hundred-Gated Thebes," capital of Egypt under the splendid 18th dynasty. But what brought "Sphinx" with Cadmus to Greece, and why to Boeotia in particular? "According to Pisander," Velikovsky continues, "the Sphinx came to Thebes in Boeotia from Ethiopia."[3 And: "One object of Egyptian origin was found in Boeotia: a scarab with a winged sphinx engraved on it."[4 We may ask, with Velikovsky, "If the Greeks first called the Egyptian city by that name [Thebes and later transferred the name to the city in Boeotia, what was the reason for this?"[5 Let us see if we can find out. War with the Priests It was the Sphinx that came-- along with Cadmus and the legend of Oedipus-Akhnaton-- "that criminal of Akhet-Aten"-- to continue its dreadful vigil on the cliffs above the Seven-Gated Greek city. It came, not only on the wings of myth, but also in the ...
146. An Eighth-Century Date for Merenptah [SIS C&C Review $]
... of great natural disasters, and famine is a logical corollary of those disasters. Literary evidence for this as a time of widespread famine will be presented elsewhere. Secondly, we may note the appearance of Sea-peoples as Libya's allies in the war against Egypt. Velikovsky identifies Merenptah with Apries of the XXVIth Dynasty, and views these Sea-peoples as the Greek settlers in Cyrene by whom, according to Herodotus, Apries was defeated in battle. However, Herodotus actually relates that the Egyptians under Apries acted in concert with the Libyans against the Cyrenaean Greeks, not that the Greeks aided the Libyans against Egypt [29. The wars of Merenptah and Apries are clearly distinct, and do not provide support for Velikovsky's thesis. The Sea-peoples who aided Libya against Merenptah were from the north-eastern Mediterranean (Cyprus and the adjacent areas of the mainland). Their southward migration at the time of the Libyan war is to be associated with the arrival of so-called "Philistine' pottery in Palestine's southern coastal plain. That pottery belongs to the Late Bronze Age- Iron Age transitional period in Palestine ...
147. Saturn's Cosmos [The Saturn Myth] [Books]
... "Soul" (implying an unseen power) and khut as "horizon" (suggesting the place of the solar sunrise). Both translations violate the literal sense of the words: literally, the khut (written with the sign) is the "Mount of Glory." The circle of the khu or khut was the "glory," "halo," "nimbus," or "aureole" of the creator-- what the Hebrews called the Shekinah (the encircling "glory" of God) and the Greeks stephanos (circle or crown of "glory"). Indeed, every figure of the creator stands within the luminous ring, always considered as his own emanation. The band is not only the god's "halo," but his dwelling at the cosmic centre. (12) "In diagrams of the Cosmos" observes J. C. Cirlot, "the central space is always reserved for the Creator, so that he appears as if surrounded by a circular or almond-shaped halo." (13) 8. Mithraic ...
148. The Holy Land [The Saturn Myth] [Books]
... Triptolemus riding on a single wheel. 17. The wheel of Ixion. 18. Hebrew Yahweh on a single wheel. Greek art depicts the great father Dionysus seated upon a one-wheeled chariot, much like that of the old god Triptolemos. In the Astronomica of Hyginus one finds Triptolemos remembered as "the first of all to use a single wheel." (34) Argive tradition held that the father of Triptolemos was Trochilos, "he of the wheel," whom some identified as the inventor of the first chariot. The Greeks of Chios knew the primeval god Gyrapsios, "he of the round wheel." (35) Obviously, none of these wheels or wheel gods can be separated from the famous wheel of Ixion, set loose in a celestial conflagration. The Hebrew Yahweh similarly sits upon a single wheel. While modern commentators offer competing interpretations of the cosmic wheel-- the chariot of the gods-- few stop to notice the link with Saturn. Cook, for example, after a prolonged study of ancient wheel symbolism, acknowledges Kronos ...
149. Darkness and the Deep [Aeon Journal $]
... the waters," also in the plural. What the words of Genesis are therefore telling us is that, "in the beginning"-- that is, as far back as man can remember-- Saturn fashioned the "land," which was formless and empty, while the "spirit" of the same Saturn moved over the darkened waters. "Tohu wa bohu," however, can also mean "utter chaos." (39) This is interesting because, in describing the creation as remembered by the Greeks, Hesiod asks: "From the beginning, which first came to be?" And answers: "Chaos was first of all..." (40) It is from this chaos that, according to the mythologies of many races, creation was said to have proceeded. Thus, in the Phoenician cosmogony of Philo Byblius, we find "dark chaos" presiding as the ruling principle before creation. (41) This is similar to what the Roman Ovid had to say concerning the creation as believed in by ...
150. Aphrodite Urania [Aeon Journal $]
... longer as all-pervasive as it once was, it is still very much alive, having been gradually sublimated and assimilated into countless niches of modern religious experience. It is well-known, for example, that various aspects of the mother goddess' cult have been absorbed by the worship of the Virgin Mary. [1 Robert Graves was surely right when he wrote of the mother goddess that she is "deeply fixed in the racial memory of the European countryman and impossible to exorcize." [2 Among the ancient cultures, it is the Greeks who have preserved some of the most compelling portraits of the goddess. Mere mention of the names Aphrodite, Medea, Scylla, Hecate, Ariadne, and Athena is enough to evoke images of archetypal significance. Each of these figures represents, as it were, a face from the ancient gallery of the mother goddess, offering respectively a crystallized view of the goddess as Queen of Heaven, sorceress, harpy, witch, captive maiden, and warrior. At first glance, the aforementioned figures would appear to have little in common ...
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