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... without sorrow of heart, remote and free from toil and grief: Miserable age rested not on them... The fruitful earth unforced bare them fruit abundantly and without stint." Kronos was the father of beginnings; in the words of the Orphic poet --the "Lord of the World, First Father." But this harmonious and peaceful epoch, founded by the god-king, gave way to world-ending disaster and devastating wars of the gods (the Clash of the Titans). In honor of the Age of Kronos, the Greeks celebrated an annual festival called the Kronia, during which the celebrants symbolically renewed the epoch of peace and plenty. Each year, according to Lucius Accius, the Greeks held large feasts throughout the towns and countryside, reversing the normal social order, exchanging gifts, enjoying merrymaking free from the normal restraints, with each man waiting on his slaves In this way the Kronia festival symbolically transported the celebrants back in time to a mythic period before law and cultural constraints, when Kronos first ruled the world. According to Plato in his ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  21 Mar 2007  -  28k  -  URL:
122. Bronze Tripods [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... chronological debates in Homeric scholarship. Writers of the Roman period argued whether or not the hard made a poetic allusion to the famous Olympic Games of his own day, 16 a problem which still troubles modern authors, 17 especially since some archaeologists feel that the eighth-century tripods found at Olympia, which so closely resemble the centuries-older Mycenaean examples, were, in fact, as Homer recounted, prizes for the winners of the early Olympic Games. 18 The controversy, then as now, compounds itself because of two conflicting chronological schemes ? The Greeks of the classical period attributed the foundation of the Olympic chariot races to a pre-Trojan War hero such as Pelops, Heracles or Atreus, 19 at a time when they had come to believe, via Egyptian reckoning, that the Trojan War fell sometime during the fourteenth-twelfth centuries B.C. At the end of the fifth century the Greeks, using native accounts, calculated that the first recorded Olympic Games took place in 776 B.C. 20 A dispute then arose between those who assigned the foundation of the Olympics to the thirteenth century, and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  31 Aug 2000  -  28k  -  URL:
123. The Religious Center of Mycenae [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... The Religious Center of Mycenae Starting in 1968, British and Greek archaeologists resumed excavations at and around a large structure southeast of Circle A( Fig. 1, K) which Tsountas and Wace had partly cleared long before, In the process they discovered an LH III B religious complex of altars and sanctuaries unlike any previously known in the Mycenaean world. 1 Until quite recently, scholars felt that the Mycenaean Greeks practiced their religion only at rustic shrines, or else in parts of the urban palaces where their kings served as priests. Those seeking to date the various institutions and objects which Homer described, decided that his references to an independent priesthood and to stone-built, roofed, freestanding urban temples, which he ascribed to the Mycenaean Age, were, in fact, anachronisms 500 years out of place. 2 The recent discoveries of Late Bronze Age temples inside the cult center of Mycenae, at Kition on Cyprus, Ayia Irini on the island of Kea (which began in the Middle Bronze Age), and most recently in the lower citadel at Tiryns, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  31 Aug 2000  -  32k  -  URL:
124. The Design of the Palace [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... the rest of the upper city of Tiryns itself. (6) With the case for continuity at Tiryns ? problematical ?, (7) some authors have speculated that LH palaces may have survived intact for centuries in some other part of the Mycenaean world, which escaped the fate of the Peloponnesian centers. They therefore look to Athens and the Ionian coast of Turkey, since neither area fell victim to Dorian immigrants, whom many authorities have, blamed for the destruction of Mycenaean civilization; and both became centers of refuge for Mycenaean Greeks, including artists, craftsmen and royal families, who fled their afflicted homelands. In such areas, under such circumstances, one would reasonably expect the old way of life, with its characteristic art, architecture, customs and institutions (such as palaces), to continue without the interruption that characterizes the Peloponnese. Greek tradition maintained that the colonization of Ionia was a result of the Dorian invasion, occurring in some cases immediately, or, at most, a couple of generations thereafter; (8) it further ascribed the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  31 Aug 2000  -  42k  -  URL:
... meaning mouth) and Gml, a "theophoric element" found in Canaanite documents from Ugarit.(12) Gordon's suggestion appears rather tenuous, however. Therefore, a third solution is offered. A glance at the syllables of the name Pygmalion suggests the possibility that we have here a Greek sarcasm (pngmain) intended to make fun of the king's stature, corporeal if not intellectual, yet recognisable as his real name. It would have been child's play for the pirates and ship-wreckers, whom Thucydides described as the ancestors of the Greeks, to confuse deliberately the Canaanite king's name with their word for a dwarf or the length between elbows and knuckles, from which the word pygmy is derived.(13) The connotative aspects of the name Pygmalion are not in the least unusual when one considers Velikovsky's case for identifying the Pharaoh Akhnaton with the tragic Greek ruler Oedipus. The latter name means "swollen legs".(14) Nor is the name Pygmalion any more outlandish than the Egyptian Pharaoh known as Psammetichus, a name which means "negus-vendor" and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  35k  -  URL:
... From: Aeon IV:4 (Apr 1996) Home¦ Issue Contents Alexander and the Amazons: Ancient Belief and Modern Analysis Tammy Jo Eckhart Introduction Amazon mythology (1) is commonly encountered in the writings and art of the ancient Greeks and Romans. While the abundance of writers who mention Amazons indicates that the ancients considered them an important race, the surviving accounts leave the modern scholar with many unanswered queries. Several groups of questions surface in the account of Alexander the Great's two reported encounters with these Amazons. The first group of questions concerns the very existence of Amazons: are they a historical people? Did these encounters really occur? The second group concerns their mythological basis: how can Alexander have met these Amazons if several earlier writers describe the race's destruction at the hands of heroes or other nations? Are these the same Amazons as those described by earlier writers? The third group of questions concerns the role of these encounters: why include them in the story of Alexander? What purpose do they serve if they are not historical events? The ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  67k  -  URL:
127. Mycenae Jewelry [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... gems to Minoan-Mycenaean ones, he dropped the idea of survival, and replaced it with one of revival. 4 According to the current scenario, the jeweler ? s art perished toward the end of the Mycenaean Period. By ca. 750 B.C. ? the native art of gem-cutting ? returned to Greece, but since barren centuries separated one ? native ? manifestation from the other, art historians could not consider Greece itself as the source of the revival. Thus they once again turned to the Near East as a place for the Greeks to relearn the craft. 5 At first the Greeks used softer stones, formed various shapes, and engraved the gems by hand with the same type of geometrical patterns and figures as one finds on contemporary pottery. Within a few decades of their ? relearning ? the craft, the artisans created designs which, like seventh-century pottery, developed a more naturalistic, curvilinear appearance. Within seventy-five years of the re-introduction of the ? native art,? they again employed the cutting wheel used 500 years earlier, again standardized the shapes of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  31 Aug 2000  -  28k  -  URL:
128. The Great Father [The Saturn Myth] [Books]
... " "spring," "the ancestors," or "sexual power" into the great gods of global religion. Of such an evolutionary process, however, one finds little evidence. The great edifices erected by Herbert Spencer, E.B. Tylor, and James G. Frazer (1) appear to rest exclusively on the assumption that one can learn the origins of theism by studying existing primitive cultures. The idea is that the civilized races of old must have first passed through "primitive" phases. Before the Hebrews, Greeks, or Hindus developed their elevated ideas of a supreme god, they must have possessed beliefs and customs similar to those of modern-day tribes of Africa, Australia, or Polynesia. Only by slow development, say these theorists, could a race rise above the ludicrous magic, totems, and fetishes of the savage. It is interesting that the advocates of the various evolutionary theories, in their fascination with present-day primitive cultures, almost never concern themselves with the oldest religious texts and symbols which have come down to us. The sacred ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  15 Nov 2001  -  91k  -  URL:
... , the reality behind the myth, is that the earth was enveloped by a stream of meteorites, a stream of 'enormous width' and containing meteorites of such 'giant' size that they could cause 'great fires and violent flood waves.' He also indicated that the impact must have been preceded by the appearance in the sky of a body larger and more brilliant than the sun. He left the definition of this body open for reasons that I shall explain later. According to Kugler, the fire of Phaeton which according to the Greeks had its main impact on Africa (some poets claimed that it caused the Africans to turn black), refers to the same event which in Greek mythology is called the Flood of Deucalion (the name by which the Greeks called the man who supposedly survived it and repopulated the land). Having identified the Fire of Phaeton and the Flood of Deucalion, Kugler proceeded to document that ancient chronologists had assigned specific dates to these two events, such as 610 years before the founding of Rome or the 67th year of Moses. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  03 Apr 2004  -  76k  -  URL:
130. Cosmic Catastrophism [Aeon Journal $]
... planet-god. (46) But all of these similarities between the two gods stem from their natures as war gods! They have nothing to do with possible connections between the gods in question and some heavenly body. The similarities simply do not demonstrate that Huitzilpochtli was the Aztec name for the planet Mars. In another section of Worlds in Collision, Velikovsky claims that a Greek myth describing how Athena sprang full-grown from the forehead of Zeus derived from observation of the birth of the planet Venus from Jupiter. (47) But the ancient Greeks equated Aphrodite, not Athena, with the Roman goddess Venus and with the planet Venus. Athena's Roman counterpart was Minerva, who was not one of the planets. (Velikovsky is under the mistaken impression that Aphrodite was the Greek name for the moon rather than for the planet Venus. (48) However, the Greek name for the goddess of the moon was Selene, not Aphrodite. (49)) Velikovsky maintains his identification of Athena with the planet Venus despite strong ancient testimony to the contrary (which he acknowledges ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  70k  -  URL:
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