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Search results for: egyptian? in all categories
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73 pages of results.
51. Mercury and the Tower of Babel [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop Vol 5 No 2 (Apr 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents Mercury and the Tower of Babel Hugh Eggleton In a different work I intend to bring out that what is known as the catastrophe of the Tower of Babel (Babylon) was caused by a close passage of Mercury, Nebo of the Babylonians (heard in the names of Nabopolassar and Nebuchadnezzar), or Thoth of the Egyptians (heard in the name Thutmose). (I. Velikovsky, Ramses II and His Time, p. 102) In Genesis, chapter 11, we read how God destroyed the Tower of Babel, associated with the city of Babylon. as its name indicates. Velikovsky believed that Mercury caused this disaster so I have attempted to reconstruct this event although the difficulty in mustering compelling evidence has resulted in a somewhat speculative effort. Mercury is a small planet viewed from the Earth; it rises little above the horizon and is rarely visible. Despite this it managed to compete very successfully with Mars and Venus in the Babylonian pantheon even when Mars was ...
52. Some observations from Jesse Lasken concerning the 'new chronology' [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... he attributes to Porter that the date is not the 59th regnal year of Horemheb, but the 59th year from the start of Akhenaten's reign. There are so many obvious objections to the Porter/Newgrosh theory that it is hard to know where to start. Can Porter or Newgrosh explain why, if they are right, this document does not refer to the 59th year of Akhenaten? How does Horemheb become Akhenaten? And unless the new chronologists are prepared to disavow the generally held position of Egyptologists that Akhenaten was despised by subsequent Egyptians, how is it conceivable that the Egyptians would dignify Akhenaten by counting years from the start of his (actually her) reign? Can the new chronologists provide even one other certain example of this dating convention? And how is it that Breasted has an inscription in Ancient Records of Egypt 3: 32B dated to the 8th year of Horemheb when Akhenaten seems to have ruled for at least seventeen years? And why does Tutankhamun, who also seems to have followed Akhenaten, have low year dates? The theory that year 59 ...
53. Origins of the Zodiac and some Horological Problems [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... one moment, however (neglecting the special case of a high latitude observer), and we still seem to lack any very satisfying explanation of how 12 hours came to specified for both the day and the night. Whilst a connection with the signs of the zodiac or the months of the year may look probable, it is one which does not seem to be at all easy to postulate with much clarity. In so far as there is already an orthodox explanation for the 12 hours, it appears to be that the ancient Egyptians (Old or Middle Kingdom) observed a 10-day week and that they eventually gravitated to describing stars which rose heliacally at intervals of 10 days as "hour stars" (R.A. Parker, "Ancient Egyptian Astronomy"). Apart from anything else, however, this scheme would result in hours of only 40 modern minutes' duration (that is, if the year is counted as 360 days). It seems even more arbitrary to suppose that anybody would have described stars rising heliacally at 15 day intervals as "hour ...
54. Conventional Chronologists: Sothic or So Thick? [SIS C&C Review $]
... been looking for has now come to light- so here, with the help of two short stories, is a reaffirmation for those of the Sothic Faith, which I hope they will find convincing. Part 1: How Sothic Dating Was Invented Convention, in the person of the great Sir Alan Gardiner in his respected book Egypt of the Pharaohs, explains for us the concept and introduction of Sothic Dating. He says 'Various theories have been put forward to explain how the brilliant star Sirius (the dog star, equated by the Egyptians with their goddess Sopde, Greek equivalent Sothis) began to be recognised as offering a sound basis for determining the most suitable date for New Year's Day. Perhaps it had been noted that the Nile began to rise with special rapidity about the same time when Sirius, after having been invisible for a prolonged period, was first again observed in the sky shortly before sunrise... this latter event, described by modern astronomers as the heliacal rising of Sirius, and by the 'going up of Sirius', came to be ...
55. The Son of Tanit Among the Olmecs: Additional Evidence of a Possible Phoenician Contact with the Olmecs [Kronos $]
... turned-up shoe shared by the Phoenicians(13)), and the similarity of one Olmec work of art to representations of the Phoenician god Melquart,(14) identifiable as the Baal of Tyre.(15) Jairazbhoy's arguments include Mexican Indian legends to the effect that their ancestors came from a land to the east,(16) the claim of Rameses III to have sent his (largely Phoenician) navy to the "ends of the world'',(17) the similarity of helmets depicted on Olmecs and ancient Egyptians,(18) a posited sharing of a custom of penis truncation or mutilation,(19) a disputed sharing of the use of cylinder seals,(20) and the many similarities in the religious beliefs.(21) Jairazbhoy also suggests a Hebrew element in the purported contact, pointing to the incorporation into the Popol Vuh of the biblical creation story and flood legend, as well as to the Mayan claim that the story of the parting of the Red Sea refers to their own ancestors.(22) While ...
56. On Sothic Dating: Some Preliminary Remarks [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. VI No. 1 (Fall 1980) Home¦ Issue Contents On Sothic Dating: Some Preliminary Remarks Lewis M. Greenberg The conventional reconstruction of Egyptian history is based on the assumption that the Egyptians regulated their calendar according to the heliacal rising of the star Sothis( Spdt in Egyptian), or Sirius. This is known as Sothic dating, and it has become the pillar of support for reckoning the absolute chronology of ancient Egypt. In the words of Montet: "Were it not for the dates determined by the Sothic Cycle which provide a few fixed points of reference, Egyptian chronology would be a very uncertain field." The application of Sothic dating presumes, among other things: 1) That Sothic astronomical calculations do, in fact, have historical validity; 2) That the calendar of Egypt remained unaltered throughout that period of history to which Sothic dating is applied; 3) That certain statements (see below) made by the Latin author Censorinus are definitive. As it happens, all of the above may be ...
57. Exodus [SIS C&C Review $]
... , Kronos, or Aeon: (i) the date of Exodus, which is always located mid 2nd millennium BC and (ii) the period of 400 years bondage and slavery in Egypt. The latter is necessarily believed to have preceded the former and Biblical chronology has subsequently been presented as a better crutch than the conventional historical framework. We might ask at this point- why did Isaiah rail against the Israelite party that favoured an alliance with the broken reeds of Egypt? Clearly, in the 8th and 7th centuries BC the Egyptians were not viewed with horror, or there would not have been a pro-Egyptian lobby. Neither would Jewish refugees have fled into Egypt shortly before the Exile. The Egyptians appear to have earned their unsavoury reputation during the development of the Jewish religion in the post-Exile period. We might ask another question at this point, which might seem strange at first: did the 400 years of bondage really precede the Exodus [1? An end of Middle Kingdom Exodus was favoured by Velikovsky and has been adopted by most revisionists including the 'New ...
58. Herakles and Velikovskian Catastrophism [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... identify Arkhles with Herakles, the murderer of Busiris and possibly of Sousirniré Khian. If we are right, we have met Herakles in an Egyptian source! It is certainly not strange to identify Busiris with a Hyksos king. Velikovsky taught us many characteristics of the Hyksos, especially the way they treated their enemies. Human sacrifice of strangers would clearly corroborate what we already know of them. Besides, Herodotus 7 writes: One of the silliest [accounts is the story of how Heracles came to Egypt and was taken away by the Egyptians to be sacrificed to Zeus.... For me at least such a tale is proof enough that the Greeks know nothing whatever about Egyptian character and custom. The Egyptians are forbidden by their religion even to kill animals for sacrifice, except sheep and such bulls and bull-calves as have passed the test for "cleanness"-- and geese: is it likely, then, that they would sacrifice human beings? The Hyksos were not Egyptians. So Herodotus was wrong when he dismissed what he called a silly story. ...
59. How Much Did They Know? [SIS C&C Review $]
... one third of its final height, as an astronomical observatory. But he gives most space to discussing the Pyramid's dimensions and their geometrical (or other) significance, and here he acknowledges his indebtedness to the work of Livio Stecchini, who has contributed an appendix (nearly a quarter of the whole book) summarising the results of his extensive researches into the systems of measurement used in the ancient world, with the Great Pyramid as a particular example. Stecchini believes- and quotes extensive evidence in support of this belief- that the Egyptians, and other ancient peoples, had accurate knowledge (derived from accurate astronomical observations) of the dimensions of the earth (including its deviation from a true sphere), that they used a system of geodetic units of measurement derived from these dimensions, that they surveyed their land with great accuracy and related its dimensions and shape to their concept of the cosmos, and that the location of their capital cities and principal cult centres (including the short-lived city of Akhet-aton) were determined by their idea of what was right and fitting ...
60. The Military Strategy of Sheshonq/Shishak in Palestine [SIS C&C Review $]
... it a tribute to the greatness of his contribution in this and many other areas. Modern scholars stand upon the shoulders of Champollion, and those shoulders are very large. What's In a Name? The very first point with which one must grapple here is the linguistic question of whether the Egyptian name Sheshonq and the biblical name Shishak are equivalent or not. Champollion and others following in his train have said that they are: Bimson denies this linguistic equation. Words in general and names in particular consist of consonants and vowels. The Egyptians did not write vowels so there is no source of comparison available there. The Massoretes added vowel points to the consonants of the words present in older textual sources, but Hebrew scribes in pre-Christian times also wrote in vowels from time to time by the use of vowel letters. It so happens in this case that we have this name attested in biblical manuscripts with two different vowel letters in the same position. In I Kings 14:25 the vowel letter following the first consonant is a waw or u-class vowel; in I ...
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