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117 pages of results.
41. Biology's Big Bang [Science Frontiers Website]
... Arthropoda (insects, crustaceans), the Mollusca (clams, squids), the Nemotada (roundworms), etc. All of these phyla trace their ancestries back to that biologically innovative period termed the Cambrian explosion. Even at the taxonomic level just below the phylum, the class (i.e., the vertebrates), most biological invention seems to stem ... to the so-called "Cambrian explosion," that period that began some 570 million years ago, during which all known animal phyla that readily fossilize seem to have originated. The biological phyla are defined by characteristic body plans. Humans, for example, are among the Chordata. Some other phyla are the Arthropoda (insects, crustaceans), the Mollusca ( ... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 85: Jan-Feb 1993 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Biology's big bang Representatives of three body plans (phyla): jellyfish (coelenterata); aphid (arthropoda); eohippis (chordata); The title refers to the so-called "Cambrian explosion," that period ...
42. natural selection,survival of the fittest,charles darwin,darwinism,neo-darwinism,charles russell wallace [Alternative Science Website]
... evolution? A. Natural selection or the 'survival of the fittest' appears to be self-evidently true but there are several major problems with the idea that are usually glossed over in biology text books. The first problem is: how can biologists define the terms 'survival' and 'fittest', so that they refer to something measurable. In other words, how ... . The word selection means to choose one or a few from a greater number, as in selecting a dish from a menu. Selection is thus inescapably a process that reduces biological diversity. But evolution, as envisaged by Darwinists is inescapably a process that increases biological diversity (Darwin called his book "The origin of species", not "The reduction ... fittest' appears to be self-evidently true but there are several major problems with the idea that are usually glossed over in biology text books. The first problem is: how can biologists define the terms 'survival' and 'fittest', so that they refer to something measurable. In other words, how can you tell, scientifically, which characteristics make one animal ...
43. Focus [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop Vol 4 No 3 (Dec 1981) Home¦ Issue Contents Focus A New Science of Life There has recently been a major breakthrough in biological thinking which has important implications for Velikovskian ideas of evolution and collective, subconscious memories. Although the physicists, though their investigation of the properties of atomic particles where probability rules in place of ... , have for some time been working within the realms of metaphysics, the biologists have remained steadfast materialists. Life is completely explicable in chemical terms, they think, and the molecular biologist will eventually unlock all hidden secrets. Now one biologist, a Cambridge scholar and a Rosenheim Research Fellow of the Royal Society, a scientist of repute, has broken away ... these narrow confines. Rupert Sheldrake's A New Science of Life- The Hypothesis of Formative Causation (Blond and Briggs, £12.50) was published last June and was treated with refreshing open-mindedness by New Scientist (18/6/81). It has since stirred considerable interest in religious and non-orthodox fields (e.g. The Tablet 1/8/81 ...
44. Global Catastrophes: New Evidence from Astronomy, Biology and Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Review Vol VI No 4 (1984) Home¦ Issue Contents Focus S.I.S. Meetings Global Catastrophes: New Evidence from Astronomy, Biology and Archaeology The 29th October 1983 saw the first public meeting of the S.I.S. outside London since the Glasgow Conference. Held in a lecture theatre of Trent Polytechnic (Nottingham), under the title " ... Biochemist Dr Trevor Palmer After lunch, Dr Trevor Palmer, Senior Lecturer in Biochemistry at Trent Polytechnic, took over where Clube had left off by giving a comprehensive overview of the biological effects of meteorite bombardment. Assuming the basic validity of Clube and Napier's calculations, the Earth must have suffered several large impacts during the period since life first appeared on it. ... mass extinctions caused by extraterrestrial bodies. Unfortunately, Darwin had linked his ideas of evolution to the uniformitarianism of Lyell, resulting in a gradualistic model of evolution to which the evolutionary biologists have tended to cling tenaciously. Dr Palmer outlined the beliefs of the Modern or neo-Darwinian Synthesis, and argued that even the powerful medical evidence against it, namely that nearly all ...
45. Biomorphs,richard dawkins and biomorphs,the blind watchmaker,natural selection,genetic software, [Alternative Science Website]
... called genetic software systems, said to emulate the processes of genetic mutation and natural selection at speeds high enough to make the process visible, have become a feature of most up-to-date biology laboratories. But, compelling though the visual images are, how much confidence can we put in the computer as a guide to the evolution of life? In his book The ... in any way at all with living things, except in the purely trivial way that Dawkins sees some resemblance in their shapes. The only thing about the 'biomorphs' that is biological is Richard Dawkins, their creator. As far as the 'spitfire' and the 'lunar lander' are concerned there is not even a fancied biological resemblance. The program he wrote ... very strongly that in using a computer program to create them, he is in some way simulating evolution itself. His approach can be understood from this extract; 'Nothing in my biologist's intuition, nothing in my 20 years experience of programming computers, and nothing in my wildest dreams, prepared me for what actually emerged on the screen. I can't remember exactly ...
46. Planting Evidence [Alternative Science Website]
... a wide range of microorganisms grown in a medium deficient in Phosphorous. Komaki suggested that nuclear reactions were taking place in the cells of the microorganisms. The best-known modern researcher of biological transmutation is Louis Kervran at the University of Paris. Kervran has been nominated for a Nobel Prize for his work in this field. He has elucidated many of the nuclear reactions ... in from the growth medium. He concluded that 'plants are capable of effecting the transmutation of elements.' Professional oblivion inevitably followed and it was not until the 1940s that open-minded biologists rediscovered von Herzeele's work and tried to replicate it. M. Baranger at the Ecole Polytechnic, Paris, decided to repeat von Herzeele's experiments but with tighter controls and greater precautions ... Is the Sun hot?[ Planting Evidence[ SHARP Drive[ Perpetual Motion[ Steam heat[ Lottery ESP Planting evidence For eight years, from 1875 to 1883, a German biologist named Albrecht von Herzeele conducted several hundred experiments in his Berlin laboratory which so outraged the scientific community that his books were removed from libraries and his writings banned. The subject that ...
47. Comets, Meteorites and Earth History [SIS C&C Review $]
... major geological, climatological and calendrical changes right down through prehistoric into early historical times. Gallant, a pioneer of modern catastrophism, and Wickramasinghe, a contemporary scourge of orthodoxy in biology and cosmology, attracted a full house to the Library Association for the Society's major meeting of the year, despite appalling weather. Both talks were very well received and enthusiastically discussed ... about. This was true not only of astronomy, to be expected from the Head of Department of Applied Mathematics and Astronomy at University College, Cardiff, but also to the biological subjects he considered. He also showed himself to be keenly aware of contrary arguments, and why he thought they were wrong. The talk began along the same lines of argument ... only the intervention of lunch brought this stimulating discussion to an end. PROFESSOR CHANDRA WICKRAMASINGHE: "Evolution from Space- Interdisciplinary Evidence" The afternoon session was introduced and chaired by biologist Dr Trevor Palmer, and the speaker, Professor Wickramasinghe of University College Cardiff, turned the attention of the meeting to the ultimate interdisciplinary problem- the origin of life on Earth ...
48. A Third Alternative [Kronos $]
... is just not the case that there has been any "firmly established... confirmation of the principle of natural selection" as "an essential part of the process of biological evolution", and it is just not the case that "there are no alternative theories... that any competent biologist of today takes seriously". There are increasing ... of competent biologists and other scientists of today who are taking very seriously the alternative theory of cataclysmic evolution presented by Immanuel Velikovsky in 1955 in his Earth in Upheaval. Velikovsky shows that newer species have indeed descended from older species, but in discrete and sudden leaps rather than in continuous and slow transitions. The mechanism for the formation of new species is the ... as "an essential part of the process of biological evolution", and it is just not the case that "there are no alternative theories... that any competent biologist of today takes seriously". There are increasing numbers of competent biologists and other scientists of today who are taking very seriously the alternative theory of cataclysmic evolution presented by Immanuel Velikovsky ...
49. Uniformitarianism, Catastrophism and Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... usually so well-informed, remained oblivious of its destruction, possibly in company with many others? To answer those questions, it is necessary to examine the interacting histories of geology and biology in somewhat greater detail than previously. I did discuss the work of James Hutton and Georges Cuvier, showing Hutton was far from being a 'paragon of all the scientific virtues' ... a series of catastrophes (which he called 'revolutions'), the eminent evolutionary biologist, Ernst Mayr, had this to say in his major historical work, The Growth of Biological Thought: 'It is often stated that his firm adherence to Christianity precluded a belief in evolution, but a careful study of Cuvier's work does not support this interpretation... ... derided for his opposition to evolution and for seeing evidence in the geology of the Paris basin for a series of catastrophes (which he called 'revolutions'), the eminent evolutionary biologist, Ernst Mayr, had this to say in his major historical work, The Growth of Biological Thought: 'It is often stated that his firm adherence to Christianity precluded a belief ...
50. Thoth Vol. V, No 9 Aug 15, 2001 [Thoth Website]
... of two ways: (1) reductionism (2) holism. Reductionism is the doctrine that more complex phenomena can be reduced to less complex ones; for example, in biology, it is the belief that all the phenomena of life can ultimately be understood in terms of chemistry and physics. Holism is the doctrine that wholes are more than the sum ... two fields: (1) Formative Causation (2) The Extended Mind. Rupert proposes that there are morphic fields and morphic resonance which shape, form and order not only biological systems, but perhaps even planetary systems and galaxies. A Morphic Field exists around a form (molecule, animal, social group, etc) and organizes its characteristic structure and ... birds fly in formation, rapidly changing direction without ever bumping into each other. Research and funding today typically goes into genetics... Rupert commented that there was hardly a biologist left who could recognize a plant! Onto regeneration: bits of flatworm and willow trees can grow back into new forms. Likewise, magnetism and holograms have the property of fields ...
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