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... millennia- of isolation have implied. We suspect that here, as in other ancient cultures, the monumental stonework and its meaning will be found to reflect a major emphasis on astronomical observation and measurement as well as worship of the heavens. Anakena As the legend goes, when Hotu-Matua and his group made landfall on Easter Island, they first touched shore at ... disorders do seem to be the best explanation for these otherwise incomprehensible tales. The idea still is resisted vigorously by most but the general thought has reached a dim consciousness in established astronomy. Death stars, colliding asteroids, giant comets, and other forms of cosmic destruction now are proposed by some astronomers to have played major roles in the geological history of the ... name itself implies that astronomical observation was a primary activity on the island. Again, the idea resonates with names for the priestly skywatchers of other lands. The Aztecs called an astronomer priest the "wise man who studies heaven" and Mesopotamians used similar terms for theirs. The priests of Easter Island, who shaved their heads and wore large balls in their ...
62. Morning Star* [Aeon Journal $]
... maps; identified the constellations and the brightest stars among them; noted the planets and recorded their movements. The beginning of the Pawnee ceremonial year was co-ordinated in accordance with these astronomical observations as so, also, was the timing of their religious rites. (22) Moreover, Ellenberger notwithstanding, the greater part of the Pawnee deities were identified with stars ... observed pin-point of light to have prompted the ancient Greeks to elevate it to Olympian stature? Sometime around 550 A.D., the Hindu astronomer Varaha Mihira compiled a manual of observational astronomy known as the Panchasiddhantika. It is known that Varaha Mihira compiled his manual by using the observations not only of his time but also those which had been recorded by his ancient ... difficult object to observe. As a result, a number of famous astronomers lived their whole lives without ever seeing the planet. One of them was Nicolaus Koppernigk, the Polish astronomer popularly known as Copernicus, who, at the end of a long and industrious career, complained of never having had a chance to see Mercury through the misty skies of his ...
63. Velikovsky and the Heat of Venus [Kronos $]
... , safely positioned between those of Mercury and the Earth. Little wonder that reviewers of Worlds in Collision were in many cases moved to suggest that Velikovsky's entrance upon the stage of astronomical science was every bit as calamitous as the events described in his book. But Velikovsky himself was then, as now, willing to stake both his reputation and his work, ... surface, thus raising the temperature of the surface environment to 900 F? Following an intensive microwave study of Venus, M. A. Janssen and several colleagues at the Radio Astronomy Laboratory of the University of California at Berkeley reported (Science 179, 994, 9 March 1973) that they found "no evidence of water vapor in the lower atmosphere of ... " Aside from the inference that the temperatures deduced from infrared observations --something like 25 below zero, Fahrenheit-are "comfortably warm," Menzel's remarks are true enough. But the Harvard astronomer carefully obscures the issue by stating one fact too many. The infrared radiation, which comes from the tops of the clouds, not the surface, indeed indicates that temperatures there ...
... article, and observing that "Unfortunately, criticism of Velikovsky's ideas never finds its way into Pensée or Kronos", Morrison advises: "The cruel truth is not only that astronomical evidence fails to support Velikovsky, but that a great deal that seemed plausible or at least possible when suggested by him has since been shown to be incorrect, and indeed decisively ... His second quibble concerns Chapter 25 in which "serious attention [is given to Stanislav Grof, another psychiatrist, who seems to be a perfect example of a pseudo-scientist". ASTRONOMY The editor, Richard Berry, wrote a 300 word tribute to BB for the May 1980 issue which mentioned Velikovsky twice.(173) In the listing of Sagan's "several ... their "responsible scribe") discovered that the Velikovsky (as well as the von Däniken) section in the UK edition of E. C. Krupp's In Search of Ancient Astronomies had "been toned down all the way through the relevant chapter". Krupp had suffered no change in heart. The British publisher "presented Krupp with an ultimatum along the ...
65. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... same time they have observed more evidence that it is comet-like. When is a planet a comet? Chiron now has another rival in the form of a 'bizarre addition to the astronomical zoo' discovered by astronomers in Australia. Its orbit, about twice as far as any other known asteroid, cannot be explained by any current model of the formation of the ... so large that any life at the surface may have been eradicated several times and deterred for millions of years. Star change New Scientist 14.9.91, pp. 36-39 Most events in astronomy take place over millions, if not billions of years, or so we are told. So how convenient for astronomers that one star is evolving so rapidly they can actually watch ... though 'very unlikely' an event, the comet had collided with another body and fragmented, leaving a reflecting dust cloud. This is made more likely if Alan Stern, an astronomer at the University of Colorado, is correct. He postulates that there are millions of small icy bodies in the far reaches of the Solar System and that 'the centres of comets ...
66. Of Lessons, Legacies, and Litmus Tests: A Velikovsky Potpourri (Part One) [Aeon Journal $]
... , near collisions in Worlds in Collision because gravitational torques are not comparable to hard impacts. Cardona also exhibits extreme naivete in discounting several orders of magnitude for the time scale of astronomical processes. For example, Van Flandern's exploding planet millions of years ago cannot be down-dated as Cardona would have it because the dating is based on the periods of first return comets ... Rose's "criticism" in Kronos had I not lost confidence in the Editor-in-Chief's editorial judgment and objectivity; for instance, when Kronos X:3 carried James McCanney's "Axioms of Astronomy," the Editor-in-Chief refused to accept (1) my rejoinder to McCanney, (2) a revised version of it, or (3) anyone else's rejoinder to McCanney ... in the 1979 Zetetic Scholar dialogue, the critics who participated either ignored it or dismissed it. Seemingly fresh and independent critiques such as E.C. Krupp in In Search of Ancient Astronomies and Robert Jastrow in Sep/Oct 1980 Science Digest Special also ignored the secondary literature. To be effective in public controversies, scientific critics must deal skillfully with the issues as ...
67. Thoth Vol. IV, No 10 June 15, 2000 [Thoth Website]
... than ever before including some that formed close to the big bang," he said. Wal comments: If anyone is interested in the Overwhelmingly Ludicrous decision making that characterizes the astronomical establishment in Britain, they should read Fred Hoyle's autobiography, "Home is Where the Wind Blows". Rees is one who vehemently opposes Arp's work to the extent of indulging ... . The Article: But it is the search for life on other planets that provides the most powerful inspiration for building such telescopes. Designs are being drawn up at the UK Astronomy Technology Centre in Edinburgh But Britain's astronomers are not driven only by lofty ideals. In the past few years there has been an increasing sense of frustration as Britain's telescopes have been ... of the universe collecting light emitted 11 billion years ago from the first stars formed. The insights it provides, say astronomers, will be stupendous. Sir Martin Rees, the astronomer royal, said the project was "the next big step" in probing the origins of the universe. "It will be looking at more distant and fainter objects than ever ...
68. On testing The Polar configuration [Aeon Journal $]
... Rather, this is the very language one would expect in descriptions of the "sun" in ancient hymns. (5) The Babylonian sun god is Shamash, and Babylonian astronomical texts say in unequivocal terms: "The planet Saturn is Shamash." (6) Thus the Greek historian Diodorus reports that Babylonian astronomers knew the planet Saturn as the star ... the "sun" (Helios). (7) Though early Egyptian sources do not offer a formal astronomy to directly connect their gods with planets, (8) a later Egyptian ostrakon cited by Franz Boll identifies the sun god Ra as the Greek Kronos, the planet Saturn. (9) In the Epinomis of Plato, the names of the ... Porphyry, as reported by Macrobius, held Kronos-Saturn to be the sun. Macrobius, Saturnalia, I, 22, 8. Several Greek sources, including the Alexandrian mathematician and astronomer Eratosthenes, identify Saturn as 'heliou asthr, the "star of the sun." A. Bouché-Leclercq, L'Astrologie Grecque (Paris, 1899), p. 93, n ...
69. Samson Revealed [Aeon Journal $]
... hero. (11) Perhaps the most insightful analysis of Samson's career is that offered by Giorgio de Santillana and Hertha von Dechend in Hamlet's Mill, a monumental study of the astronomical content of ancient myth and legend. Although Hamlet's Mill has languished in obscurity for the better part of three decades since it was first released in 1969, there are signs that ... Mill requires. In any case, given a thesis this radical in its implications-- crediting prehistoric man the world over with a relatively sophisticated understanding of science in general and astronomy in particular-- one would think that it was incumbent upon the authors to present a wealth of evidence in favor of such knowledge. Yet such evidence is not to be ... Hipparchos actually rediscovered [Preces-sion, that it had been known some thousand years previously, and that on it the Archaic age based its long-range computation of time." As the astronomer Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin observed: "By the validity of this statement the edifice will stand or fall." (16) Kirk's assessment of this thesis was less kind: "This ...
70. The Female Star [Aeon Journal $]
... Venus and Mars do seem to be the key to the Skidi concept of celestial parentage." [57 As to how these "conjunctions" were to be understood from an astronomical standpoint, del Chamberlain opined that it had reference to Mars' periodic journey from the morning sky to the western evening sky, whereupon it participated in a conjunction with Venus, ... collective memory of our sister planet's recent history. Hitherto, the ancients' testimony has been discounted as fantastic since it describes a Venus at odds with the central beliefs of modern astronomy. Certainly it is possible that ancient man, like his modern counterpart, was interested in fiction and simply invented the mythical traditions surrounding Venus. If so, it should be ... was elsewhere recalled as a great king's daughter. [28 Having now documented the prevalence of this theme, how are we to explain the feminine nature traditionally accorded Venus? The astronomer Patrick Moore offered the following suggestion: "A female association is in fact general, except in India; this is natural enough, since to the unaided eye Venus is the ...
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